Page 155 – AVSR 1Chp. 4 – Realidades 3 Other Uses of Reflexive Verbs
Other Uses of Reflexives • A verb is reflexive in Spanish when the subject receives the action of the verb. • In English this is implied by the endings –self and –selves. • In Spanish the reflexive pronouns are: • me, te, se, nos, os, se
Other Uses of Reflexives • Ella se levanta. • She gets (herself) up. • Nosotros nos paramos. • We stand (ourselves) up.
Other Uses of Reflexives • Many reflexive verbs in Spanish describe daily routine actions. • Despertarse • Ducharse • Peinarse • Vestirse • Acostarse To wake (oneself) up To shower (oneself) To comb (oneself) To dress (oneself) To go (oneself) to bed
Other Uses of Reflexives • Other reflexive verbs describe a physical or emotional state. • Verbs of this type include: • Divertirse (to enjoy oneself) • Sentirse (to feel)
Other Uses of Reflexives • Some reflexive verbs describe a change of state and they carry the added meaning of “to get” or “to become.” • Me enojé (I became angry, got mad) • ¿Te aburriste? (Did you get bored?) • Se puso muy nervioso. (He became very nervous.) • Se cansan (They get tired.)
Ir Irse Parecer Parecerse Quitar Quitarse Perder Perderse To go To leave, to go away To seem To look like To take away To take off To lose To get lost Other Uses of Reflexives
Dormir Dormirse Quedar Quedarse Volver Volverse To sleep To fall asleep To be located To stay To return To become Other Uses of Reflexives
Other Uses of Reflexives • Other verbs such as: • Darse cuenta de (to realize) • Quejarse (to complain) • Portarse (to behave) • …are ALWAYS reflexive
Other Uses of Reflexives • Placement of reflexive pronouns with commands and the present participle follow the same rules that apply to placement of direct and indirect object pronouns: • ¡Vete! (go away) • Tú estás quedándote. (You are staying) – or – • Tú te estas quedando.