3. In what year was the People’s Republic of China established?
4. In what year was the Republic of China formally established?
1912. The Republic of China was formally established on January 1, 1912 onmainland Chinafollowing theXinhai Revolutionwhich itself began with theWuchang Uprisingon October 10, 1911, and replaced theQing Dynasty and ended over two thousand years ofimperial rulein China.
6. What Chinese city is famous for the Bund (外滩), a stretch of European neo-classical buildings built in the early 20th century?
Shanghai. The area is within the former Shanghai International Settlement, which runs along the western bank of the Huangpu River, facing Pudong, in the eastern part of Huangpu District. The Bund is quite a nice area, especially as it contrasts with the ultra-modern architecture on the other side of the Huangpu.
7. Some portions of the Great Wall of China were lost over time. The majority of the exiting wall was built in what dynasty?
8. What was the name of the ancient road, linking China with the West, running through Afghanistan and the Middle East, used by Marco Polo to travel to China?
9. Why did the British criticize the Qing Dynasty’s Canton System in the late 18th century?
It limited their mobility as well as the amount and type of goods they could sell to the Chinese.
10. What circumstance in the Ming Dynasty contributed to the rise of powerful eunuchs within the Forbidden City?
11. Historians believe that Zheng He’s (1371-1435) naval expeditions sailed to what places?
In his seven recorded voyages: Arabia, India, East Africa, and some of the Pacific Islands, but never north to Japan or Korea.
12. Which Chinese dynasty rebuilt the Great Wall to protect itself from nomadic invaders?
14. Confucius lived and created his philosophical system during which period in Chinese history?
15. Name three significant social developments during the Warring States period:
1) A new social mobility provided by the creation of large, effective government bureaucracies, 2) The strengthening of the local aristocracies’ power over the peasants who worked their lands, and 3) The recruitment of commoners into huge armies dominated by foot soldiers.
17. Which thought system in ancient China allows for the overthrow of a bad ruler?
18. Which ancient Chinese philosophy or philosophies emphasized that man was inherently good?
19. Which Chinese dynasty established before Christ was the most authoritarian (had the most centralized rule)?
20. Which ancient Chinese philosophy or philosophies emphasized the inherent wickedness of man?
1) Its adoption of Confucianism as its governing philosophy, 2) Its military expansion into Central Asia, and 3) Its acceptance of the Mandate of Heaven.
22. Which social classes were allowed to take the Civil Service Exam in Song China?
Unifying China in the 8th century and the construction of the Grand Canal.
Civil Service Exams began in the Sui Dynasty and were expanded and refined in the Tang Dynasty.
25. Which dynasty was the first to use gunpowder for military purposes? c