Planning and Implementation of Housing and Slum Upgrading Delhi Urban Shelter Improvement Board (DUSIB) Govt of NCT of Delhi DELHI
City Profile DELHI
City Profile Red Fort Parliament House Rashtrapati Bhavan Connaught Place India Gate Qutab Minar DELHI
City profile Characteristics of the city Delhi -Population 18.6 million -Area 1484 SQ.KM -Demographic density 11320/SQ.KM -Height above sea level 227 M -HDI 0.750 -GDP of the city US$96 billion -GDP per capita US$8,700 (highest in India) DELHI
Population Growth in Delhi Population Growth in Delhi
City profile • Delhi as the capital city of a growing and developing nation • 0.7 million people in 1947 rose to 18.6 million in 2017 indicates huge pressure mounting on the economy, civic services and infrastructure. • Delhi is not only the capital of the country but also a state and a metropolitan city with vibrant trade, commercial activities and excellent employment opportunities thereby attracting a large no. of people from all corners of the country. • The development of the city has been suffering setbacks due to phenomenal increase in the population largely on account of inward migration resulting in the creation of unauthorized colonies, jhuggie jhopri(Slum) bastis and also large no. of homeless persons relying for shelter on footpaths, roadsides, flyovers, parks & bridges etc. and living in the most in-human conditions. DELHI
Institutional structure of the city The institutional framework for urban management in Delhi has a multiplicity of agencies, both central and state. DDA: The Delhi Development authority (DDA), a body corporate, has been set up in 1957 under control of GOI is responsible to formulate a master plan for covering the present and future growth of Delhi, to meet housing requirement, preparing schemes and advising the concerned authorities departments and agencies in formulating and undertaking schemes for development agriculture , horticulture, floriculture, forestry, transport, communication, schooling, etc; institutional & industrial development as part of city building, to acquire, hold, manage and dispose of property; acquire land for public purpose under the provisions of land acquisition act 1984. DJB: The Delhi Jal Board (DJB) is responsible for procurement of raw water, treatment and responsible for distribution of water supply and related works. MCDs: Three MCDs, NDMC, SDMC, EDMC are responsible for services and sanitation w.r.t to their jurisdictional area. DUSIB: For providing minimum basic services to JJ Bastis and their relocation/rehabilitation. PWD : For Peripheral roads and highways. DELHI
City Govt. Initiatives EWS Flats Completed Under JNNURM 28344Nos EWS Flats under Construction 34260Nos No of JJ Bastis shifted 18 Nos No of JJ Dwellers Shifted 1867 HH No of JJ Bastis to be shifted in 2017-18 21 Nos New Houses to be undertaken during 2017-18 20 to 30 K by DUSIB & DDA Savda Ghevra Sultanpuri Dwarka Jahangirpuri DELHI
City Govt. Initiatives The Government of NCT of Delhi had taken various steps to bring openness and transparency in providing citizen • E-Governance for the citizens of Delhi: To set up a dynamic website leading to e-governance for Departments/Agencies. To provide on line services including services on e-applications. • "Bhagidari" -citizen-Government partnership: Bhagidari, the citizen's partnership in governance -is a means for facilitating citywide changes in Delhi. Utilises processes and principles of multi -stakeholders (citizen groups, NGOs, the Government...) collaboration. • Aims to develop 'joint ownership' by the citizens and government of the change process. facilitates people's participation in governance. • Right to information:The Delhi Government has enacted the Delhi Right to Information Act, 2001. It makes provision for securing information as a matter of right, barring some exemptions. The citizens can file an application with the competent authority of the concerned Department along with fee and get information within 30 days. DELHI
City Govt. Initiatives • Due to involvement of multilevel development control projects of exemplary, emblematic are under innovation by different urban development agencies of Delhi. However two projects one at Dharawi, Mumbai and other at Chandigarh are one of the exemplary, emblematic which may be followed by Delhi. • In Dharawi, SRA Mumbai, has been assigned as the single authority with all development powers and where Builder approaches the dwellers welfare association and after their consent moves to Govt. along with proposal. Accordingly the project was completed with in time and huge revenue to Govt. by Builder. • In Chandigarh Model houses are provided to slum dwellers on minimum bare rent for twenty years and thereafter ownership, which makes dwellers sensible in maintenance and cleanliness Dharavi, Mumbai DELHI
Delhi Slums • 1484 Sq kms • 18.6 million people • 675 slum clusters • 3.06 lakhs jhuggis. • 1.7 million slum dwellers, 800 Hectares, owned by over 30 Govt. Agencies. • Over 80% migrated from other states. • Support many industrial and service organizations.
Situational Analysis SDG-11.1 aims to ensure access for all, especially the poor to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services, and upgrade slums to achieve inclusive and equitable cities.
Situational Analysis • Jhuggi Basti, Squatter or Slum Settlements: • Resettlement Colonies: • Unauthorised Colonies : • Legally Notified Slum Areas in Old Delhi ( Katras) : • Urban Villages : • Homeless and Pavement Dwellers :
Identification of Main Problem Despite the initiatives there still are problems: Insufficient housing stock and unplanned housing construction … because 2,400,000 houses are required in entire Delhi with 600,000 for slum relocation and existing housing constructions are taking place without proper planning or monitoring.
Implementation Plan According to the projections Delhi needs 24 lakh new housing units by the year 2021 (MPD-2021). MPD-2021 mandates the following : • In order to prevent growth of slums, mandatory provision of EWS housing/slum rehabilitation in all group housing to the extent, minimum 15% of the proposed FAR on the plot. • Housing for urban poor to the extent of 50-55% of total • Shift from plotted housing to group housing for optimal utilization of land • Private sector participation for development • Removing unnecessary controls (like height) for optimum utilization of land and to facilitate creation of ‘signature’ projects. • Enhancement of ground coverage, FAR and height for residential development/ redevelopment of housing DELHI
Implementation Plan Govt. of India launched a scheme “Housing for All by 2022” which seeks to address the housing requirement of urban poor including slum dwellers through following programme verticals ; • Slum rehabilitation of Slum Dwellers with participation of private developers using land as a resource • Promotion of Affordable Housing for weaker section through credit linked subsidy • Affordable Housing in Partnership with Public & Private sectors • Subsidy for beneficiary-led individual house construction /enhancement. Govt. of NCT of Delhi also insures as per their Manifesto to provide house on the place where at present slum is. However, DUSIB and DDA both proposes to construct 3.5 - 4 Lakh of EWS houses for inhabitants of JJ Bastis in Delhi. DELHI
Implementation Plan • The following Implementation Plans have been prepared; • Action Document (3 Year Period i.e. 2017-2020) • Strategy Document (7 Year Period i.e. 2017-2024) • Vision Document (15 Year Period i.e. 2017-2030)
Action plans (3 Year Period : 2017-2020) • Delhi Slums Open Defecation Free (ODF) by March 2018 • Transformation of JJ Bastis as Adarsh Bastis • Construction of new shelters for homeless under NULM & refurbishing old shelters • Removal of Dark Spots from JJ Bastis • Environmental Improvement of Urban Slums (EIUS) • Shishu Vatikas • Community Halls/ Basti Vikas Kendras (BVKs) • Structural Improvement Of Katras (Walled City Area) • Slum Rehabilitation to existing / in progress / proposed EWS houses
In In-Situ rehabilitation • DUSIB has designed an in-situ rehabilitation plan for slum dwellers. • Initially in-situ redevelopment of JJ basties at 9 sites is proposed, which include 2 sites at Sangam Park, 3 sites at Sultanpuri, one site each at Sikri Bhatta/Shyam Nagar, Lajpat Nagar, Bhalswa Jahangirpuri and Nangloi. • A total of about 10,000 flats are proposed to be constructed under the scheme.
Targets for 2018-19 DUSIB is planning to rehabilitate/ relocate all JJ Bastis of Delhi within 5 years provided Land Owning Agencies co-operate/ pay the relocation charges as per policy.
SANGAM PARK, R P BAGH Site Details • PROPOSED SITE - 1 • Site area = 4615 sqm • Total No. OF DU’s = 414 (S+18) • Construction of 414 Units. • PROPOSED SITE – 2 • Site area = 2000 sqm • Total No. OF DU’s = 168(S+12) • Construction of 168 Units. • Total DUs = 414 + 168 = 582 • Shifting of Jhuggis(490) : • Shifting of 414Jhuggis from JJ Basti at site - 3 to newly constructed DUs at site – 1 and 76 to site – 2. • Surplus 92 DUs can be used for remuneration. • RETRIEVED SITE – 3 • Land retrieved after shifting of 490 Jhuggis= 10486 sqm • (2.6 acres) • (for sale purpose SITE AREA : SITE – 1 = 4615 Sq.m SITE - 2 = 2000 Sqm SITE – 3 = 10486 sqm SITE - 3 500m 100m 160
Strategy Document (7 Year Period : 2017-2024) In the medium term, DUSIB shall do the following: • Prepare legislation for the assignment of property rights to slum dwellers through a process of consultation with key stakeholders to ensure it is implementable. • Ensure that where slums are being upgraded, basic services - taps and toilets, are provided at home, marking a major shift from community to individual services • Create mechanisms and structures to enable community mobilisation as well as private sector participation. • Measures shall be put in place to secure credit from banks and housing finance institutions for the slum dwellers to contribute towards the cost of their houses, including necessary assurances to reduce risk of capital lent. • All the proposed works in action plan 2017-2020 shall be reviewed in 2020,in case of any delay or failure due to any issue or reason the same shall be completed during this period or new strategy shall be framed.
Vision Document (15 Year Period : 2017-2030) To achieve the long-term goals Implementing Authorities shall do the following; • Create a dynamic slum database that will have adequate information for planning • Develop participatory and context based, multiple options for up-gradation of slums and informal settlements • Review and revise the urban regulations and inclusionary zoning and land policy • Regularisation of unauthorised colonies and provide affordable housing options dispersed across the city • Utilize existing vacant land and tools like vacant land taxation, enhanced FAR and TDRs • Land Pooling policy • Institutional arrangements shall be ensured to bring together multiple collaborating agencies for efficient and effective delivery of slum development programmes • Community engagement in the slum up-gradation process • Slum improvement shall also include social services provision to ensure benefits of health, education, social security, workers’ welfare, livelihoods, public transport etc. • Capacity building of officials • In urban villages, building byelaws and zoning regulations shall be strictly enforced by preparing Development Plan of Villages in a time bound manner
Financial Implications • DUSIB • DSIIDC a) Requirement for 3 years Rs 2,340 Crore b) Further requirement Nil Total requirement Rs 2,340 Crore Total requirement for DUSIB & DSIIDC Rs 17,640 Crore Requirement by Central Govt.Agencies for 2 lakh houses Rs.29,000 Crore
Financial Implications Such a huge requirement of fund will be met out of following: • In case of Relocation: Subsidy of Rs. 1 Lakh from central govt. Land owning agency share Beneficiary contribution (10-15%) Balance gap funding using land as a resource • In-situ Rehabilitation Subsidy of Rs. 1 Lakh from central govt. Beneficiary contribution (10-15%) Balance gap funding using land as a resource 40% Land can be monetised
Vision 2030 : Delhi For Allin Compliance with SDG 11.1 • On successful implementation of this Vision it is hoped that by the end of year 2030, all JJ Bastis shall be rehabilitated/relocated in multi-storied housing ensuring quality of life with good livelihood prospects. Curative measures • Sufficient ( total construction of 400,000 stock for 300,000 current need ) stock to meet the future requirement of homeless and new migration will also be available. Preventive Measures • Thus there will be no slum and JJ Bastis as proposed in Vision 2030 !!!
Challenges • Ineffectiveness of policies to create sustainable improvement in living conditions. • Exclusion due to Eligibility, Proof of Residence, Identity and Cut off dates • Lack of Developmental Controls post Regularization • Insecure Land ownership • High Costs of Land for Affordable Housing in the City • Lowered Norms for Basic services • Disrupted Linkages with Livelihoods from Location of Housing and Quality of Services • Lack of Citywide Integrated Approach • Legal Constraints • Governance issues • Disregard of Ecological constraints and vulnerability to natural disasters • Dealing with Migration/Excluded Groups • Implementation issues • Institutional Capacity