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Julie Latchem and Jenny Kitzinger

Our research question : What is important to residents with neurological conditions and their relatives in rehabilitation and long-term care centres?. Julie Latchem and Jenny Kitzinger. Background. Challenges in neurological long-term care.

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Julie Latchem and Jenny Kitzinger

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  1. Our research question:What is important to residents with neurological conditions and their relatives in rehabilitation and long-term care centres? Julie Latchem and Jenny Kitzinger

  2. Background • Challenges in neurological long-term care. • Key principles: Inclusion. Services users should be central to service development. • Challenges of access/issues for this sample: Communication, cognition, fatigue etc.

  3. Multi method • Interviews • Focus groups • Why focus groups? Considerations for using focus groups with those with neuro-impairment: • Energy • Engagement • Sharing in focus groups in practice.

  4. Examples of overall findings highlighting… • Relationships • Physicality and physiotherapy • Independence and activities of daily living • Stimulation and activity • Security • Connectedness and information • Environment And what focus groups added…. • Balancing tensions • Sharing experience (Underlined the caring between residents - for those without voice)

  5. Focus Groups • A series of insightful Key debates were explored spontaneously during focus groups: • Residents: • Risk taking and independence versus security • Routine versus institutionnalisation • Individual versus collective needs

  6. Risk taking and independence versus security Resident 1:It seems unfair if your brains working ok and you can get around in one of these [electric wheelchair], the rules still apply that ‘oh you can’t go and do these things.’ In a sense it’s a, a backwards step […] because when you go back to your own home, you’ve got to have the confidence to do things. Resident 2: I can totally see where you are coming from Gordon because you are obviously a middle aged man, you’re independent, you’ve lived your whole life, if you want to go to the pub you go, you don’t have to ask permission. Resident 1:That’s right […] until you come into this environment. Resident 2:It’s so easy for something to happen. When I went to the pub the other day, the wheel got stuck and I couldn’t get out, until someone lifted the chair. It’s so easy to, anything can happen to us so I can understand that they want to keep us safe. Resident 1:So I could be a bit cavalier about it. Resident 2: Yeah [laughs] Resident 1: In a sense. That’s been my tendency during my life. Yeah, a bit cavalier.

  7. Individual versus collectiveneeds • Resident A: I think it opens up an interesting debate around segregation and whether all these people are right to be mixed into one place. • Residents B:Why not put all the noisy ones together? • Resident A:But again, I don’t, don’t, if that’s discriminating against, I don’t know, if you put say all the screamers and shouters down one corridor they’re all disturbing each other but then there are people that are quiet that don’t want the screamers and the shouters. I’ve heard some families say “oh it’s not right you, you people being amongst people like that”, like ‘that’, as if people with a head injury shouldn’t be looked at, as if it’s so monstrous to see them, like we should be shielded and protected from looking at that. We shouldn’t have to hear people shouting all day but then… • Resident B:When you’ve got something like MS you need some peace and quiet at night otherwise it doesn’t do you any good.’

  8. Sharing experience • Importance for relatives to share experience. • Recounting of all phases of ‘the journey’ highlighted areas of key importance. • Through this sharing much powerful data was generatedincluding: • Relatives’ relationship with staff and their role in the care team • Medical decision making

  9. Example of a relatives’ experience • “… the original focus group [for the care research] that’s been really useful to me, because the sense I had was that I was unusual in asking for things or saying things [...] and there’s something about, for me, the system knocks you out, it knocks you out to be isolated as unusual, - [...] it’s also like the system locks you in to, you’re the family over there, you’re in a family over there, you’re another family over there. Everywhere I’ve been, there’s been no suggestion that actually there’s value in families each just having conversations with each other.”

  10. Conclusions • Working with silenced groups • Sharing space – community living • The practical issues • The great potential…

  11. A post-script about drawing

  12. Jenny Kitzinger Professor of Communications ResearchDirector of the Health, Science, Risk, Media Research GroupJOMEC, King Edward VIIth Av, CF10 3NBCardiff University kitzingerj@cardiff.ac.uk Julie Latchem Physiotherapy Team Leader Gloucestershire Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust Gloucestershire Royal Hospital Great Western Road, Gloucester, GL1 3NN Julie.Latchem@glos.nhs.uk

  13. Acknowledgements • Dedication: • To: All staff, residents and relatives, past and present from Julie – this is for you, in acknowledgement of the challenges we faced together. • To: To Polly from Jenny – this is for you - sister, friend, adventurer, advocate - in honour of your passionate commitment to service user involvement. • Link to full research report: http://www.cardiff.ac.uk/jomec/resources/Long_Term_Care.pdf • Images: • Tracheostomy: www.smiths-medical.com • Buddy-button: www.link-at.com • Wedding rings: www.hatton-garden.net • Keys: www.publicdomainpics.net • Stethoscope: www.footweardirectuk.com • People: www.cheltenham4u.com • Fireworks: www.Lif10.wordpress.com

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