MISSION OBSERVER

# MISSION OBSERVER

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## MISSION OBSERVER

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1. MISSION OBSERVER CLASSROOM TRAINING April 27, 2013

2. MISSION OBSERVER CLASS • Introductions • Sign-in on ICS Form 211 • CAP Uniform • ID Card • 101 Card • MO SQTR

3. Why do we Need Observers? • Other than looking out the right side of the aircraft, MP expects from you: • Operate FM Radio • Operate GPS • Operate Direction Finder • Navigation Assistance (need MP Permission)

4. Task O-2010, Use In-Flight Services • Flight Service Stations/Flight Watch/RCO • Scheduled Wx Broadcasts • ATIS • HIWAS • AWOS • ASOS • PIREP • Quiz

5. Mission Observer SQTR Task O-2010Use In-Flight Services 1. When would you use Flight Watch? What frequency is it on?  2. What is the common or universal FSS frequency?  3. What is the ATIS frequency for DVT?  4. How would you reach HIWAS in the PHX area?  5. What is the frequency for AWOS for PAN?  6. What is a PIREP and to whom would you report it?  7. What is an RCO? What is the purpose of an RCO?

6. Task O-2013, Plot a Route on a Sectional Chart • Plot the Course • Determine Distance • Determine Flight Time • Locate Check Points • Quizzes

7. Task O-2013, Plot a Route on a Sectional Chart – Quiz #1 Plot a route from DVT to PAN. 1. What is the distance in NM? 2. What are the obvious landmarks enroute and the distance in NM? 3. What is the magnetic heading to the destination? 4. What will be your cruising altitude (1000' AGL or better)? 5. How long will the flight take at 100 Kts?

8. Mission ObserverSQTR Task O-2013Quiz # 2 PRC-PAN PAN - E25 E25-PRC Distance (NM) True Course Magnetic Heading Flight Altitude (MSL) Weather Check Frequency Destination Contact Freq. Pattern Altitude (MSL) Pattern Entry Flight Time Assumptions: Airspeed 120 kts Wind out of the SW 1000' Terrain Clearance

9. Task O-2107, Prepare for a Trip to a Remote Mission Base • Before You Go • Proper Uniform and Credentials • Personal Equipment • Aircraft Equipment • Review Aircraft Logs • Obtain Wx Brief/WMIRS-104/FAA Flight Plan/CAP Flight Release • Go

10. Task O-2107, Prepare for a Trip to a Remote Mission Base • When you Arrive • Park and Secure Aircraft • Check in with Flight Line Supv & Safety Officer • Close FAA Flight Plan/Call FRO/WMIRS-104 • Sign In at Mission Base • Get Mission Assignment • Good Luck

11. Task P-2007, Discuss Mission Observer Duties and Responsibilities • Primary Duty in Search Area is Scanner • Assist Mission Pilot with: • Planning Mission • Mission Communications • Navigation • Search Pattern Management • Observer Log • Check List Hand Out

12. Task P-2008, Discuss the Dangers of Icing • Icing Types • Frost • Airframe Icing • Carburetor Icing • Freezing Level • Taxiing • Quiz

13. Mission Observer SQTR Task P-2008Dangers of Icing 1. Dry Adiabatic Lapse rate is 3.6 degrees F per 1000' 2. Temperature at SDL is 65 degrees F. 3. If we climb to 11000 feet MSL over KSDL, do we need to worry about icing?

14. Task P-2009, Discuss the Dangers of Reduced Visibility Conditions • Conditions Influencing Visibility Loss • clouds, rain, snow, fog, haze, smoke, blowing dust, blowing sand • White Out • Use Flight Watch • Keep Vigilant

15. Task P-2010, Discuss the Dangers of Wind and Thunderstorms • Pressure Systems • Convective Currents • Cold Air Mass • Warm Air Mass • Windshear • Thunderstorms

16. Task P-2011, Discuss the Effects of Density Altitude on Aircraft Performance • Atmospheric Pressure • Pressure Altitude • Density Altitude • Standard Conditions • Higher, Humidity, Heat, Height • Mountains • Handout

17. Task P-2012, Identify Controlled and Special Use Airspace on Sectional • Controlled Airports • Special Use Airspace • Prohibited Areas • Restricted Areas • Military Operations Area • Military Training Routes • Quiz – Hand Out

18. Mission Observer SQTR Task P-2012 Controlled & Special Use Airspaces on a Sectional • What type of airspace surrounds SDL? 2. How close to SDL can you fly before you must make contact with the tower? 3. Can you enter the airspace A-231 over Luke AFB without radio contact? If not, who would you call to enter? What are the altitude limits? 4. Can you enter the SATR near Luke AFB without radio contact? If not, who would you call to enter? What are the altitude limits? 5. Are there any Prohibited Areas in AZ? 6. Your planned flight takes you through Gladden 1 MOA. What altitude can you safely enter it? Can you fly through it at 6500 MSL? 7. What is the width of an MTR? What is it's lowest altitude?

19. Mission Observer What Now? • I Will Enter Tasks From This Class into Your SQTR • You Will Then be Able to Operate as an MOT • You have 8 more MO tasks on your SQTR • You Need ICUT • Get on Training Flights • Carry Your SQTR and Your 101 Card • Logbook?

20. Task O-2002, Demonstrate Operation of the Aircraft Radios • Aviation Communications Radios • Stuck Mike • Call Signs • CAP FM Radio • Required CAP Reporting

23. AZ CAP SQ314 Aircraft Communications Required Reporting • Initial Report • In-Flight Reporting • Ops Normal • Final Report • Notes: • CAP FM radio is normally operated in analog mode unless otherwise briefed • Communications channels called designators, not channel numbers • Base Station must read back all communications • Base Station closes out all communications • Lat Lon is reported in degrees, minutes, and decimal minutes • Aircraft call sign given only on first communication, use Sortie number thereafter. • Speak slowly, clearly, and be brief - TALK NET

24. Task O-2011, Operate the VOR and DME • ADF • low frequency • points to station • least accurate • VOR • line of sight • DME • slant range

25. Task O-2012, Operate the Global Positioning System • GPS is more accurate and reliable than previous navigation systems • GPS systems vary in the way they operate • Apollo GX55 has grids and track data • Three things you need to memorize): • Where are we? • How do I get to the search area? • How do I get home? • (See Gxqrglist)

26. Task O-2012, Operate the Global Positioning System Find the Latitude and Longitude on a PHX Sectional for the following. Use degrees and minutes to the closest minute. 1. Bartlett Dam on the Verde River.  2. Florence Prison SE of Phoenix.  3. Meteor Crater west of Winslow.  4. Parker VORTAC west of Colorado River.  5. PHX grid position 215B2.

27. Task O-2108, Perform ELT Searches • We have the Becker SAR-DF 517 in 90E • Turn unit on – immediately select Training or Emergency with the Page knob • Aircraft DME switch must be on to hear Becker • Fly directly to the ELT/Beacon • Circle the target area with wing tip on target • Alternate strategies may be required when working with ground teams

28. Task O-2109, Assist in Planning and Performing a Route Search • Fly the route of the lost aircraft • Return over route with an offset • Offset on other side and continue search

29. Task O-2110, Assist in Planning and Performing a Parallel Track Search • Used to search a grid • Return over route with an offset • Offset on other side and continue search • Parallel Track Search Problem

30. Task O-2110, Parallel Track Search 1. Search PHX Grid 135C using a parallel track search pattern. 2. Assume that there is an aircraft in the adjacent grid to the south and that there is no aircraft in the adjacent grid to the north. Why do we care about this? 3. Set up a GPS waypoint to enter the southwest corner of the grid. This waypoint would be PHX 135C4 located at 34 degrees 30 minutes north latitude 110 degrees 30 minutes west longitude. 4. Fly directly to this waypoint. From that point, turn northbound on the 110 degree 30 minute longitude for 7.5 miles (7.5 minutes). 5. Once past 7.5 minutes, execute a 180 degree turn to the right and intercept the 110 degree 29 minute longitude. You are now southbound one mile east of your northbound track. At a cruise of 100 knots, how long will the turn take? 6. Continue southbound to just short of 34 degrees 30 minutes north and execute a left turn of 180 degrees to intercept the 110 degrees 28 minutes west longitude. 7. Continue this process until you are southbound on the 110 degree 23 minute longitude and exit (carefully) the grid. How many miles will you cover in the grid and how long will this search last at 100 knots?

31. Task O-2112, Assist in Planning and Performing a Point Based Searches • Used to search outward from a point

32. Task O-2115, Creeping Line Search 1. From the Cochise VORTAC (CIE) located in PHX grid 417, execute a Creeping Line search starting at CIE radial 345, 8 DME. Proceed northbound one NM, then turn right one NM , then north 1 NM etc. 2. Track spacing will be one NM. The width of the search will be 2 NM. Search until reaching 17 DME back on CIE 345. 3. How long will the search last at 100 knots with no lost time for turns?

33. Contour Search • Mountain Search Pattern • MP need Mountain Flying Endorsement • Fly over the top to get wind direction • Predict Winds, • leeward side, windward side, wind in passes • Fly down canyon, not up • Mountain Flying, Sparky Imeson

34. Mission Observer What Now? • I Will Enter Tasks From This Class into Your SQTR • You Will Then be Able to Operate as an MOT • You have 8 more MO tasks on your SQTR • You Need ICUT • Get on Training Flights • Carry Your SQTR and Your 101 Card • Logbook?