Voices p.275 • Is Hayek’s point of view closer to classical liberalism or modern liberalism? Justify your answer,.
Hayek’s point of view • it appears only lukewarm in its support of pure laissez-faire capitalism, with Hayek even going so far as to say that "probably nothing has done so much harm to the liberal cause as the wooden insistence of some liberals on certain rules of thumb, above all of the principle of laissez-faire capitalism". In the book, Hayek writes that the government has a role to play in the economy through the monetary system, work-hours regulation, and institutions for the flow of proper information.
Assignment p. 276-78 • Why would some people be opposed to the concept of private property? • Does the modern liberal interpretation of equality refer to equality of opportunity or equality of outcome? • Why did liberalism evolve out of the Industrial Revolution? • How did getting the right to vote lead to more policies that met the needs of workers? • How do you think a classical liberal might respond to this article p.278 of the United Nations declaration?
Assignment answers • Historical land was owned communally • Accumulation of private property , produces wealth for some and impoverishes others • Communism opposes private property • First Nations believe the land was created for everyone
Classical Liberalism and Negative Freedoms • Freedom from tyranny, freedom from fear, freedom from hunger and freedom of discrimination. Modern Liberalism Positive freedoms Example: freedom of expression Classical Liberalism Negative freedoms Example: freedom from persecution for following a chosen faith.
Contemporary Challenges to Liberalism Chapter 8 Analyzing how modern liberalism is challenged by alternative thought
Challenges to Liberalism • Questions to answer: • How much do we want or need the government to be involved in our lives? • How much freedom are we willing to give up in exchange for security? • Why did classical liberalism evolve into modern liberalism? • How have new ideas contributed to or challenged modern liberalism?
Classical Liberalism review • Originated in the Enlightenment • Writings of Locke : people have certain natural and inalienable rights • Society should be a community of political equals, all of whom respect the rights of one another • Cornerstone of modern Democracy • These ideas were rejected by Fascism and Communism
United Nations • Classical Liberals would oppose this declaration as the rights described in it require intervention in the form of government programs. • Government intervention would upset the laws of the marketplace.
The Industrial Revolution • Protecting rights of workers required government intervention. • As workers obtained the right to vote they would support political parties that reflected their concerns
Modern Liberalism Interpretation • Supports equality of income and opportunity • Universal health care ensures a common standard of care • Providing greater equality of circumstances
. • Your responsibility to read the chapter and make notes under each heading
Liberalism Evolves NotesHow is modern liberalism challenged by alternative thought? • Environmentalism is a broad philosophy and social movement centered on a concern for the conservation and improvement of the environment.
Carbon Tax Notes • A carbon tax is an environmental tax on emissions of carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide is a heat-trapping "greenhouse" gas. The purpose of a carbon tax is to protect the environment by reducing emissions of carbon dioxide, helping to mitigate climate change.
Environmentalism • Read pages 280 -283 • Create notes things to consider…. • How has Gov. responded to environmentalism examples • Which parties would support the different environmental policies? Why? What arguments do they use?
Neo-Conservatism Notes • Neo conservatism is a political philosophy • Supports using American economic and military power to bring liberalism, democracy, and human rights to other countries.
Neo-Conservatism • Read pages 284 -286 Create notes: • What economic policies would neo-conservatives support, which do they not? Why? Who would they support? • What is the role of government? Examples • Klien is critical of neo-cons? What argument is used? Would you agree? • How do they see foreign policy functioning? • What are their views on morality and religion? How might they be different an modern liberal principles? • Why is that neo-concservatives may be unable to agree with each other?
State of the Union Address, 2002 • Read and answer this question into your notes • Voices p. 287 • What ideas from this speech reflect neo-conservative ideas related to foreign policy?
Religious Perspectives • Read pages 287-293 Create a set of notes • Keeping in mind that you are looking for examples of the challenges and opportunities that people’s religious convictions present for liberalism. It is important to know that this reading is not an exhaustive list or all inclusive.
Aboriginal Collective thought notes • Decisions are made using consensus instead of debating and voting Consensus model every individual voice must be heard • A central principle of modern liberalism is to share the benefits of development and to develop wisely. • Free of party politics • Movement towards health centre's run by First Nations regardless of the type of medicine used • A health system that is autonomous from the Federal government http://www.health.gov.bc.ca/library/publications/year/misc/first_nations_healthguide.pdf
Communication : Analyzing Points of view and perspectives to Form an Opinion p.297/98complete this handout.