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Office of Minority Health & Health Equity (OMHHE) PowerPoint Presentation
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Office of Minority Health & Health Equity (OMHHE)

Office of Minority Health & Health Equity (OMHHE)

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Office of Minority Health & Health Equity (OMHHE)

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Presentation Transcript

  1. Increasing CDC’s Impact on Health Equity Office of Minority Health& Health Equity (OMHHE) Office of the Director Office of Minority Health & Health Equity

  2. What is a “Health Disparity”?Conceptual Issues • Inequality • Difference in Condition, Rank • Lack of Equality, as of Opportunity, Treatment, or Status • Inequity • Unfair & Unjust • Unnecessary and Avoidable

  3. Health Disparity in Public HealthOperational Definition • Quantitative measures: rates, percents, means… • The Quantity that separates a group from a reference point on a particular measure of health • Calls attention to differences in health between groups regardless of cause • Can be measured in absolute or relative terms

  4. What is “Health Equity”? Health Equity is attainment of the highest level of health for all people. Achieving health equity requires valuing everyone equally with focused and ongoing societal efforts to address avoidable inequalities, historical and contemporary injustices, and the elimination of health and healthcare disparities.

  5. Health DisparitiesCommunities of Color Are Disproportionately Affected

  6. Racial & Ethnic MinorityPopulations • American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) • Asian American • Black or African American • Hispanic or Latino • Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander (NHOPI)

  7. Other Populationsby High Burden of Morbidity & Mortality • Socio-economic status • Geography (urban or rural) • Gender • Age • Disability status • Risk status related to sex and gender

  8. OMHHE Guiding Principal The future health of the nation will be determined to a large extent by how effectively we work with communities to eliminate health disparities among those populations experiencing a disproportionate burden of disease, disability, and death. Increasing CDC’s Impact on Health Equity

  9. CDC’s Vision for the 21st Century “Health Protection…Health Equity” CDC Mission Collaborating to create the expertise, information, and tools that people and communities need to protect their health – through health promotion, prevention of disease, injury and disability, and preparedness for new health threats.

  10. OMHHE Mission The Office of Minority Health and Health Equity aims to accelerate CDC’s health impact in the U.S population and to eliminate health disparities for vulnerable populations as defined by race/ethnicity, socio-economic status, geography, gender, age, disability status, risk status related to sex and gender, and among other populations identified as at-risk for health disparities.

  11. Demographics Culture Healthcare Cost Increases Unequal Access Language Race and ethnicity Health Care Quality

  12. 10 Leading Causes of Deathfor African Americans in the United States, 2010 • Heart Disease • Cancer • Stroke • Diabetes • Unintentional Injuries • Nephritis, Nephrotic Syndrome & Nephrosis • Chronic Lower Respiratory Diseases • Homicide • Septicemia • Alzheimer’s Disease Source: CDC, NCHS, National Vital Statistics System (NVSS), Mortality Data http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/deaths.htm Deaths, Final Data for 2010

  13. 10 Leading Causes of Deathfor American Indians/Alaska Nativesin the United States, 2010 • Cancer • Heart Disease • Unintentional Injuries • Diabetes • Chronic Liver Disease and Cirrhosis • Chronic Lower Respiratory Diseases • Stroke • Suicide • Nephritis, Nephrotic Syndrome & Nephrosis • Influenza & Pneumonia Source: CDC, NCHS, National Vital Statistics System (NVSS), Mortality Data http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/deaths.htm Deaths, Final Data for 2010

  14. 10 Leading Causes of Deathfor Asian American or Pacific Islandersin the United States, 2010 • Cancer • Heart Disease • Stroke • Unintentional Injuries • Diabetes • Influenza & Pneumonia • Chronic Lower Respiratory Diseases • Nephritis, Nephrotic Syndrome & Nephrosis • Alzheimer’s Disease • Suicide Source: CDC, NCHS, National Vital Statistics System (NVSS), Mortality Data http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/deaths.htm Deaths, Final Data for 2010

  15. 10 Leading Causes of Deathfor Hispanics/Latinosin the United States, 2010 • Cancer • Heart Disease • Unintentional Injuries • Stroke • Diabetes • Chronic Liver Disease and Cirrhosis • Chronic Lower Respiratory Diseases • Alzheimer’s Disease • Nephritis, Nephrotic Syndrome & Nephrosis • Influenza & Pneumonia Source: CDC, NCHS, National Vital Statistics System (NVSS), Mortality Data http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/deaths.htm Deaths, Final Data for 2010

  16. Populationof the United States by Race & Hispanic Origin: 2010 & Projected 2050 • non-Hispanic White 63.7 Source: U.S. Census Bureau.

  17. Examples of Important Health Disparities CDC Health Disparities and Inequalities Report, 2011(CHDIR) See the Slides http://www.cdc.gov/minorityhealth/reports/CHDIR11/Presentation.pdf CHDIR Website http://www.cdc.gov/minorityhealth/CHDIReport.html MMWR Supplement http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/ind2011_su.html

  18. Thank You For Your Time Office of Minority Health & Health Equity Office of the Director