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CHEMICAL SUICIDE PowerPoint Presentation
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CHEMICAL SUICIDE

CHEMICAL SUICIDE

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CHEMICAL SUICIDE

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  1. BOONE COUNTY FIRE PROTECTION DISTRICT HAZMAT REFRESHER CHEMICAL SUICIDE

  2. Purpose Provide firefighters with a guideline for identifying key components of a chemical suicide and then tools to handle those incidents

  3. Not just your “typical” Emergency: 32B03 – MAN DOWN UNK PROBLEM 60D4O – GAS ODOR INSIDE

  4. USE CAUTION

  5. BE ON YOUR TOES • Unconscious Individuals • Tape over vents, doors, and windows • Suicide Note • Posted Warning to First Responders of Present Danger • Chemical containers in and around the vehicle or room • Smell of Rotten Eggs

  6. H2S Common Name: HYDROGEN SULFIDE DOT Number: UN 1053 NAERG Code: 117 CAS Number: 7783-06-4 Hazard rating: NJDHSS NFPA FLAMMABILITY: - 4 REACTIVITY: - 0 FLAMMABLE -EXPLOSIVE

  7. Chemicals Used Include but NOT limited to: • Bonide Sulfur Spray- Insecticide • Hydrochloric (Muriatic) Acid (Pool Chemical) • Toilet Bowl Cleaner • Laundry Detergent

  8. Mechanism of Action How it works Naturally Produced in the Body High values present in people who have: Alzheimer’s Disease Down Syndrome Type 1 Diabetes • Acts as an irritant and chemical asphyxiant • Acts as a relaxant of smooth muscle---Vasodilator • Mitochondrial Poison (Similar to Cyanide) • Prevents oxygen transport by binding with hemoglobin in red blood cells • Once in the body it is rapidly distributed to various organs • CNS, Lungs, Liver, etc.

  9. Interventions Set Parameters Establish a HOT zone 100 meters minimum Emergency Decon? EMS High Flow 02 H2S acts like Cyanide poisoning and binds with hemoglobin • IDLH 100 ppm • 700 ppm 1 breath = DEATH

  10. What’s that Smell? • Plant and Animal Breakdown • Swamps / Bogs • Hot Springs • Waste Disposal • Sewers • Paper Manufacturers • 0.13 ppm

  11. Sugar Creek, MO Dec. 22, 2009 • A man used hydrogen cyanide chemicals to kill himself in a confined pickup truck. • Four responders and a family member were exposed to the toxic gases from inside the vehicle. • All five were just taken to the hospital as a precaution. • No warning note was found on the truck. • The man worked in a lab and had access to cyanide. • Two containers were found in the truck