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Active Directory

Active Directory

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Active Directory

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  1. Active Directory Administrative Tools and Utilities

  2. Active Directory Management Snap-Ins • Start/Programs/Administrative Tools • Installed by default on domain controllers • Need to be installed on workstations • Run Adminpak.msi in i386 directory on 2000 server CD • Majority are Microsoft Management Console (mmc) snap-ins

  3. Terminal Services • Now included in 2000 OS • Install in remote administration mode • Add/Remove Programs/Windows Components • Allows maximum of two administrators to manage server • Can carry out almost most tasks • Including server reboot • Some software may not run in TS mode

  4. Terminal Services Client • Use Administrative Tools/Terminal Services Client to access • Need to install Adminpak.msi (see previous slide) or download from Microsoft • http://www.microsoft.com/windows2000/downloads/recommended/TSAC/default.asp and select MSI Package • Can also use mmc snap-in • http://www.microsoft.com/windows2000/downloads/recommended/TSAC/default.asp and select MMC Snap-in

  5. Command-line Utilities • Telnet • Telnet to server and run command line utilities • First start telnet service manually • Possible security risk (less if telnet from 2000 box) • Rconsole and Rshvc • Resource kit • Note security issues

  6. Windows 2000 Support Tools • On Windows 2000 CD (Server and Professional) in support/tools directory • NB Sysprep is not installed by this setup — if required unpack deploy.cab • Some very useful tools, especially… • ADSIEdit — low level AD editor • Dnscmd — DNS administration • Replmon — Replication monitor • DCDiag — DC diagnostics • Netdiag — Network and related diagnostics

  7. Resource Kit • \\bodley10\reskit2000 • Over 300 tools • Batch file utilities • Diagnostics • Monitoring • Documentation • Resource Kit • Group Policy • Registry reference • Error messages

  8. Tools Included in OS • Ntdsutil • Command line utility • Repair, check, compact, move, and dump the directory database files. List site, domains and server information, manage operations masters, perform authoritative restore, create domains. • Need to be familiar with this (e.g. cleanup after failed demotion) • NB “popups off” command to disable gui popups

  9. Windows 2000 Help Files • Help files for all 2000 platforms available separately • http://www.microsoft.com/windows2000/downloads/helpfiles/default.asp • Good for checklists, best practices etc.

  10. Windows 2000 Step-by-Step Guides • Instructions for building a common infrastructure • Step-by-step guides for common tasks based on common infrastructure • May help with testing/learning about Active Directory • http://www.microsoft.com/windows2000/techinfo/planning/walkthroughs/default.asp • Also in Technet Knowledgebase (Windows Product Family/Windows 2000/Windows 2000 Server/Resource Kit/Technical Notes/Step-by-Step Guides

  11. Windows 2000 Technical Information • http://www.microsoft.com/windows2000/techinfo/default.asp

  12. Technet • \\bodley10\technet • Also available via web • Knowledgebase • Highly recommended