Ocean planning as a tool for blue growth and smart specialization - Frederico Cardigos - European Maritime Day, 20 of May Marine and Maritime Innovation in the Outermost Regions: blue growth and smart specialization Luís Quinta Gothenburg, Sweden, 20-22 ofMay, 2012
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Portugal Courtesy: EB1 Ermesinde, Portugal
Azores • The Azores is an autonomous region of Portugal; • The Azores has an Autonomous Government; • Regional Government in the continental platform: • is entitled to manage fisheries and environment; • is not allowed to deal with defense issues; • has shared responsibilities on the remaining topics.
Knowledge Plan Act Results Revise the process Rui Prieto – ImagDOP
Environmentally important, rare and sensitive area • 2 marine Ramsar areas; • 3 UNESCO Biosphere Reserves; • 12 OSPAR marine protected areas; • 32 Blue Flags, for bathing areas excellence; • 40 EU - Natura 2000 sites; • 44+5 regulated marine protected areas; • ca. 1800 marine species; • All the archipelago – QualityCoast, Gold Level, nº 1.
Summary • Lessons learned • Ocean planning in the Azores • Looking to the future!
Lesson learned • Biodiversity, specially in the islands, is fragile. • ACTION: strict, comprehensive and adapted habitats biodiversity law.
Lesson learned: • Negotiate with tools that you have! • ACTION: negotiations depend on existing perspectives.
Lesson learned: • Ce que tu fait pour moi, sans moi, est contre moi! • Do not impose what you can not enforce; • Listen the local communities, trying to find broad consensus! • Time arises new opportunities! • ACTION: • Local communities are stimulated to work together. • RESULTS: • 3 new MPAs are in place and are respected, plus 3 are being prepared. • Protected area, efficient since 1998, and without any mandatory law; • Archaeological artifacts are protected and have economical use.
Lesson learned • Sustainable development is achievable! • ACTION: Sustainable development is within government program and mirrored in common regional laws.
Lesson learned: • Invasive species demand immediate response! • ACTION: Development of marine environmental monitoring programs.
Lesson learned • Working together produces stronger results! • ACTION: First law in 1999. • RESULTS: Today we have 50 k tourists per year.
Lesson learned • Listen science and scientists! • ACTION: • Scientists are included in all consulting and reflection bodies in the Azores Government (i.a. DLR 28/2011/A); • Science financed by the Azores has a regional framework (DLR 10/2012/A); and • Sampling in the Azores is accessible and results have to be shared with local community (Nagoya Protocol already implemented through DLR 9/2012/A). • RESULTS: Solidary decisions.