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Shell Retail Working at Height Requirements

Shell Retail Working at Height Requirements

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Shell Retail Working at Height Requirements

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  1. Shell RetailWorking at HeightRequirements

  2. Agenda • Purpose & Effective Date • Applicability • Definition of Work at Height • Definition of a Competent Person • Training & Fitness to Work • Hierarchy of Control • Work at Height Equipment Selection • Fall Prevention / Protection Systems • Rescue Plan • Inspections for Equipment Used When Working at Height • Electrical Hazards Impacting Work at Height

  3. 1. Purpose & Effective Date • The purpose of this document is to set forth requirements for performing Work at Height at Shell Retail locations • These requirements shall be implemented within 3 months of the issue date of this document

  4. 2. Applicability • This document applies to: • Shell Employees who perform site work • Project Management Companies / Facilities Management Companies • Contractors • Sub-contractors • Suppliers • Third parties

  5. 2. Applicability • Contracts shall have suitable Work at Height provision • Safety is the number one priority for all work performed. No one shall compromise safety in any way. If there is any doubt as to whether an activity is safe; stop, assess and determine the appropriate course of action and contact your supervisor as necessary • Applicable national, state and local laws and regulations shall be complied with when performing all work, and shall take precedence when they conflict with or are more stringent than this document

  6. 3. Definition of Work at Height • What is ‘Work at Height’? • Working where a potential fall distance of • 2 metres (6 feet) or more exists • Where does ‘Work at Height’ take place on site? • Canopy repair, painting & cleaning • Repairing, repainting and re-lamping monolith • Rooftop inspection, repair & weatherproofing • Canopy erection • Tank-top work in an open excavation • Work at ground-level by an unguarded excavation • Rooftop satellite installation / repairs • etc...

  7. 3. Definition of Work at Height PTW Requirements • Global Retail PTW System • Work Clearance Form • Job Hazard Analysis • PTW (only if contractor is not accredited) • U.S. Retail Safe System of Work • Job Clearance Form • Job Safety Analysis • PTW

  8. 3. Definition of Work at Height • Although not directly covered by this standard, work which is less than 2 meters (6 feet) in elevation still presents significant risk • An appropriate risk assessment shall be made by individuals working at elevations less than 2 metres (6 feet) and appropriate job hazard control measures shall be in place

  9. 4. Definition of a Competent Person Recall Simple Rule #4 • A competent person is defined as a person who is qualified and authorized to perform a particular type of work task, including but not limited to performing Work At Height • A competent person must have the ability to identify hazardous conditions and have the authority to take action to maintain a safe workplace

  10. 5. Training & Fitness to Work • All persons who Work at Height must be trained to: • Recognise the hazards involved with Work at Height • Be familiar with and able to use the equipment required • Be assessed to be fit to work

  11. 6. Hierarchy of Control • Work at Height shall be based on the following hierarchy of control (priority from highest to lowest): • Eliminate the Work at Height (if feasible) • Work from permanent work platforms with guardrails • Work from temporary or movable platforms (e.g. scaffolds) with guardrails – unless it creates greater risks • Work at Height with a fall protection device • * The Job Hazard Analysis (JHA) / Job Safety Analysis (JSA) should contain an explanation as to why a method higher up the hierarchy is not being used

  12. 6. Hierarchy of Control

  13. 7. Work at Height Equipment Selection • What equipment can be used to perform Work at Height? • Scaffold • Scissor Lift • Aerial lift, cherry picker or bucket truck • Ladders

  14. 7. Work at Height Equipment Selection • What Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) must be used when performing ‘Work at Height’? • Appropriate PPE must be worn at all times. At a minimum, this shall include: • High visibility clothing • Safety helmet (hard hat) • Safety footwear • Fall protection equipment is required only when methods higher up in the Hierarchy of Control cannot be used (this will be covered in greater detail later in the presentation)

  15. 7. Work at Height Equipment Selection • Scaffolds • Scaffolds must be erected by competent scaffold erector • Scaffolds must not be climbed except in areas designated for climbing • Scaffolds may be accessed by using internal ladders & stairwells with hatch access. External ladders shall not be used • Scaffold floorboards, stairwells, ladders must be free from obstructions An example of a scaffold with an internal ladder and hatch

  16. 7. Work at Height Equipment Selection

  17. 7. Work at Height Equipment Selection • Scaffolds • Scaffold planks must extend over their end supports not less than 15 cm (6 inches) or more than 45 cm (18 inches) • Guardrails, mid-rails and toe-boards shall be provided for scaffolds > 2m (6 feet) • All wheels must be locked when scaffold in use • No person is to remain on scaffold whilst it is being moved Guardrail Plank

  18. 7. Work at Height Equipment Selection • Scaffolds • Ladders must not be placed on scaffolds to increase height • Scaffold must be constructed on level surface or designed to compensate • Base plates and mudsills must be used on soft ground • Scaffolds must be capable of supporting 4x intended load

  19. 7. Work at Height Equipment Selection • Scaffolds • The height of the scaffold cannot exceed 3.5 times the minimum base dimension (short side) • Scaffolds must not be used when winds exceed 50 km per hour (35 mph) • A barricade must be constructed 1.5m (5 feet) from the base of the scaffold • If out riggers are available, then they must be deployed MAXIMUM HEIGHT H = 3.5 x B B SHORT SIDE A LONG SIDE

  20. 7. Work at Height Equipment Selection • Scissor Lift • The scissor lift shall be used on a surface that allows stability in the raised position • Scissor lifts must not be used when winds exceed 50 km per hour (35 mph) • Barricading must be constructed around the work area • If stabilisers are available, then they must be deployed

  21. 7. Work at Height Equipment Selection • Aerial Lift (i.e. cherry picker, bucket truck) • Aerial Lifts may be used for access to roofs and canopies if appropriate for the work conditions • The aerial lift basket may only be lowered onto a roof when it is more than 2m (6 feet) from the roof edge • Fall restraint harnesses must be worn at all times and tied-off while in the bucket

  22. 7. Work at Height Equipment Selection • Aerial Lift(i.e. cherry picker, bucket truck) • The aerial lift must be used on a surface that allows stability of equipment in the raised position • Aerial lifts must not be used when wind exceeds 50 km per hour (35 mph) • Barricading must be constructed around the work area • If out-riggers are available, they must be used

  23. 7. Work at Height Equipment Selection • Ladders • Work at Height should not be performed from a ladder if possible • Where work above 2m (6 feet) must be performed from a ladder, then: • Fall protection must be used • The worker must be tied-off at all times except when traversing to and from the work area

  24. 7. Work at Height Equipment Selection • Ladder Positioning • Use ladders only on stable/level ground – unless secured • Do not use on slippery surfaces – unless secured or slip resistant feet • Ladders must be placed to ensure that the two rails are supported equally • Barricading must be constructed around the work area

  25. 7. Work at Height Equipment Selection • Ladders - Falling Object Hazards • Always keep work area at top/bottom of ladder clear • Secure all tools that are carried up a ladder • Barricade-off area at bottom of ladder in order to: • Prevent unauthorised movement • Avoid someone standing in the area

  26. 7. Work at Height Equipment Selection • Ladders in Traffic Flow • Ladders must be secured in locations where they can be displaced by: • Pedestrian traffic • Vehicular traffic • In passageways, doorways, driveways, etc. • A vehicle may be used as a barrier if necessary • Appropriate signs must be used

  27. 7. Work at Height Equipment Selection • Ladder Use • Ladders must not be loaded beyond max intended load nor beyond the manufacturer’s rated capacity • Ladders must be used only for the purpose for which designed • Always keep ladders free of oil, grease, etc. • Never use the top rung of a ladder as a step

  28. RAIL STEP 7. Work at Height Equipment Selection • Ladder Use • When using an extension ladder to gain access to a roof or other high work platform, the side rails must extend at least 1m (3 feet) above the level being accessed • Do not use single rail, rope or chain ladders • Do not use ladders constructed on site • Do not move, shift or extend a ladder when someone is on it

  29. 7. Work at Height Equipment Selection • Ladder Use • Do not overreach beyond the rail of a ladder (i.e. a person’s midpoint shall not extend beyond the rail) • Ladders must not be used if there are any visual restrictions – e.g. welding helmet • Ladders must not be used when winds exceed 50 km per hour (35 mph)

  30. 7. Work at Height Equipment Selection • Ladders - Climbing • Always face the ladder when climbing up or down • Always maintain 3 points of contact • Workers must not carry any object or load that may cause a loss of balance • Do not use the cross-bracing on the rear of a ladder for standing or climbing unless designed for this purpose

  31. 8. Fall Prevention / Protection Systems • When working at height, the worker shall be protected by a Fall Prevention System or a Fall Protection System • It is the responsibility of the employer to provide appropriate Fall Prevention / Protection Systems and train employees how to properly and safely use them

  32. 8. Fall Prevention / Protection Systems • What are Fall Prevention Systems? • Fall prevention systems are engineering controls or equipment intended to provide safe systems of work and eliminate the risk of falling • Examples Include: • Properly constructed guardrail system • Properly constructed scaffolding • Scissor lifts with protective railings • Edge warning and demarcation systems • Parapet wall (e.g. rooftop perimeter wall)

  33. 8. Fall Prevention / Protection Systems • Properly Constructed Guardrail • This consists of: • Top rail 1 metre (42 inches, +/- 3 inches) high capable of withstanding a force of 90 kilograms (200 pounds) in any outward or downward direction • Mid rails • Toe boards, screens or mesh as appropriate

  34. 8. Fall Prevention / Protection Systems • What are Fall Protection systems? • Fall Protection systems are personal protective equipment and systems that have been designed, installed and worn for the purpose of preventing injury in the event of a fall from heights greater than 2m (6 feet) • An example of a Fall Protection System would be a full body safety harness with properly sized shock absorbing lanyards attached to properly designed and installed anchor points or static lines

  35. 8. Fall Prevention / Protection Systems • Fall Prevention vs. Fall Protection • Once a worker is at the point where Fall Protection is needed, it is too late – the worker has already fallen! • This is why it is a requirement to choose a Fall Prevention system that is higher up in the Hierarchy of Control whenever possible

  36. 8. Fall Prevention / Protection Systems • Use of Fall Protection Equipment • Personal Fall Arrest System • Fall arrest equipment must have: • A proper anchor capable of withstanding at least 2,300 kg (5,000 lbs) of force (scaffold railings do not meet this requirement!) • Full body harness using double locking snap hooks • 100% tie-off at all times except when traversing to and from the work area • Synthetic fiber lanyards • Shock absorber • Fall arrest equipment must limit free fall to 2m (6 feet) or less • A visual inspection of equipment must be completed and inadequate/damaged equipment removed

  37. 8. Fall Prevention / Protection Systems

  38. 8. Fall Prevention / Protection Systems • Use of Fall Protection Equipment • Operational requirements • When using harnesses and lanyards, care must be taken to determine: • The height of the anchor point compared to the maximum length of any potential fall • The length of the lanyard to limit any fall to less than 2m (6 feet) and also to prevent contact with any lower levels in the event of a fall

  39. 9. Rescue Plan • A plan to ensure that there is an efficient response to any incident involving persons falling must be implemented • Drills shall be conducted to test the plan and response

  40. 10. Inspections for Equipment Used When Working at Height • Scaffolds • Must be clearly tagged with a RED tag at the beginning of scaffold construction to indicate it can NOT be used • Before a scaffold is used, it must be inspected by a competent person • Scaffolds must be inspected for potential damage by a competent person before every shift and after any occurrence that may have damaged it • The scaffold shall be conspicuously tagged with a RED tag to indicate it is not safe for use if it is determined the scaffold is damaged or defective • The competent person shall replace the RED tag with a GREEN tag only after it has been deemed safe for use

  41. 10. Inspections for Equipment Used When Working at Height • Scissor Lift • Scissors lifts shall be inspected for visual defects by a competent person before each work shift, and after any occurrence which could affect a scissor lift's structural integrity

  42. 10. Inspections for Equipment Used When Working at Height • Aerial Lift (e.g. cherry picker, bucket truck) • Aerial lifts, bucket trucks, and cherry pickers shall be periodically inspected according to the requirements of the manufacturer of the lift

  43. 10. Inspections for Equipment Used When Working at Height • Ladders • A competent person shall inspect each ladder for visible defects at least once per week • If defects are identified, the ladder cannot be used • Examples of defects include: • Broken or missing rungs, cleats or steps • Broken or split rails • Missing or damaged non-slip feet • Missing load-rating sticker • Corroded or damaged components

  44. 10. Inspections for Equipment Used When Working at Height • Ladders • To remove a ladder from service, one of the following must be done: • Immediately tag the ladder with “Do Not Use” • Mark the ladder in a manner that identifies it as defective • Block the ladder (for example, with a plywood attachment that spans several rungs) • Before a ladder is returned to use, it must be repaired and restored to original design specification

  45. 10. Inspections for Equipment Used When Working at Height • Fall Protection Equipment • Fall protection equipment shall be inspected prior to each use for wear, damage and other deterioration, and defective components shall be removed from service

  46. 11. Electrical Hazards Impacting Work at Height • Work is not permitted within 3m (10 feet) of an electric power circuit where contact could be made unless the worker is protected by de-energizing the circuit and grounding it or by guarding it by insulation or other means • Portable ladders, aerial lifts (i.e. cherry picker, bucket truck) and all other work at height equipment shall have nonconductive side rails if they are used where the worker or the ladder could contact exposed energized parts • Lockout/Tagout requirements shall be followed as applicable

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