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Korea PowerPoint Presentation

Korea

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Korea

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  1. Korea

  2. Korea Today

  3. Seoul, South Korea

  4. Pyongyang, North Korea

  5. . Early History of Korea

  6. I. Early History of Korea Three Kingdoms

  7. I. Early History of Korea • A. Three Kingdoms of Korea: 1. Goguryeo 37BCE-668CE a. Largest of the kingdoms b. Greatest King Gwanggaeto c. Extended from Manchuria to modern day Seoul

  8. I. Early History of Korea

  9. I. Early History of Korea

  10. I. Early History of Korea 2. Baekji 18BCE-660CE a. Western part of South Korea b. Religious & artistic traditions influenced the other two other kingdoms

  11. I. Early History of Korea

  12. I. Early History of Korea 3. Silla 57 BCE-935 CE 1. Eastern part of Korean peninsula 2. Traded along the Silk Road with Chinese, East Indians, Persians & Arabs

  13. I. Early History of Korea

  14. II. Medieval History of Korea • B. Goryeo Dynasty 918-1392 CE 1. Also known as Koryo, which later become Korea 2. Unified Korean peninsula 3. Centralized government, with king & bureaucrats 4. Education

  15. II. Medieval History of Korea

  16. II. Medieval-Modern History of Korea • C. Joseon Dynasty 1392-1900 1. Won several battles 2. General Yi assassinated King U & his eight year old son King Chang in 1392 3. General Yi changed his name to King Taeojo 4. In 1401, Korea had to pay Ming China a tributary

  17. II. Medieval-Modern History of Korea

  18. III. Medieval-Modern History of Korea 5. Invented the Korean script 6. 1592-1597, Japan attacked Korea in an effort to attack Ming China 7. Japanese mutilated more than 38,000 Koreans 8. Korean “turtle ships” (ironclads) beat the Japanese in the Battle of Hansan-Do

  19. Turtle Ship

  20. Turtle Ship

  21. The Battle of Hansan-Do

  22. III. Modern History of Korea 9. As a result, Korea became increasingly isolationist, (“The Hermit Kingdom”) 10. 1637, Korea had to pay the China’s Qing Dynasty a tribute

  23. IV. Japanese Occupation Korea

  24. IV. Japanese Occupation Korea • A. In 1876, Japan forced Korea to open up to trade with Japan • B. 1882 Imo Rebellion, Korean soldiers rose up against the Japanese (late & low pay)

  25. IV. Japanese Occupation Korea C. 1894 Donghak Rebellion: 1. peasants rose up 2. China & Japan used this as an excuse increase their military presence in Korea 3.1895 1st Sino(China)-Japanese War

  26. IV. Japanese Occupation Korea 4. Joseon Empire renamed “Korean Empire” 5. China lost & Japan took control of Korea in 1905 6. 1910 Japan annexed Korea & Korea became part of the Japanese Empire

  27. IV. Japanese Occupation Korea

  28. IV. Japanese Occupation Korea 7. Japan repressed Korean culture & language 8. Numerous human rights abuses such as forced labor camps, censorship, etc

  29. IV. Japanese Occupation Korea

  30. IV. Japanese Occupation Korea D. Japanese built: 1. western style banking system 2. telegraph & telephone systems 3. railroads 4. agro-business 5. electricity 6. roads & bridges

  31. IV. Japanese Occupation Korea

  32. V. Korean Resistance • A. Koreans vigorously fought against Japanese aggression & annexation: 1. 1905-1910 Korean activists secretly set up nationalist schools to preserve the Korean language & culture

  33. V. Korean Resistance

  34. V. Korean Resistance • 2. Lee Hoe-Young 1910 “Freedom Fighter” raised & led armies against the Japanese

  35. V. Korean Resistance

  36. V. Korean Resistance 2. March 1, 1919 Movement a. 2 PM, Seoul, Korean activists (Samil Movement) met & read “The Korean Declaration Independence” b. Choe Nam-Seon was a writer, historian & activist , who wrote the Korean Declaration Independence” c. The Declaration was made public & leaders were arrested.

  37. V. Korean Resistance

  38. V. Korean Resistance • d. Key points were: • 1. end discrimination against Koreans, • 2. end human rights abuses • 3. end heavy taxation • 4. end land confiscation • 5. end suppression of Korean culture • 6. End political, economic & social inequality • 7. Independence

  39. V. Korean Resistance

  40. V. Korean Resistance • e. People gathered in Pagoda Park to hear Chung Jae- Young read The Declaration • f. Koreans began marching • G. As the crowds grew up to 2,000,000, the Japanese reacted & massacred 8,709 people • H. Thousands were arrested, tortured & executed w/o due process

  41. V. Korean Resistance

  42. V. Korean Resistance

  43. Reunification