Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood John Everett Millais Dante Gabriel Rossetti
Dante Gabriel RossettiLady Lilith1868 Pre-Raphaelites Group of artists from England that rejected both the Neoclassical and Realist style. Founders Rossetti and Millais. Looked back to artwork before the High Renaissance, specifically to the Northern Renaissance and the Middle Ages. Style based on Romantic imagery and hyper detailed observation. Anti- industrial revolution.
Figure 30-43 DANTE GABRIEL ROSSETTI, Beata Beatrix, ca. 1863. Oil on canvas, 2’ 10” x 2’ 2”. Tate Gallery, London. • A blending of apparent opposites-Victorian prettiness and sensual allure • BeataBeatrix references Beatrice, from Dante’s Vita Nuova. Dante’s muse. • Rossetti’s wife Elizabeth Siddal, who died of an opium overdose the prior year. • A red dove delivers a poppy in her hands; the scene is Rossetti’s memorial to his late wife.
Figure 30-42 JOHN EVERETT MILLAIS, Ophelia, 1852. Oil on canvas, 2’ 6” x 3’ 8”. Tate Gallery, London. The subject of the painting depicts the drowning of the mentally-ill, unaware Ophelia, from Shakespeare’s Hamlet. To make the pathos of the scene stronger, he worked on-site for the background and had a friend pose in a warm bath for hours on end. Model- Elizabeth Siddal