Factors & Greatest Common Factors

# Factors & Greatest Common Factors

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## Factors & Greatest Common Factors

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##### Presentation Transcript

1. Objective - To write the prime factorization of numbers and find the greatest common factor of monomials.

2. FUNDAMENTAL THEOREMof ARITHMETIC For every composite number, there is one, and only one, prime factorization.

3. PRIME FACTORIZATION To find the prime factorization of a composite number, use a FACTOR TREE Example: The prime factorization of 525 is: 3 ● 5 ● 5 ● 7 It can also be written as: 3 ● 52● 7 525 5 ● 105 5 ● 5 ● 21 5 ● 5 ● 3 ● 7

4. PRIME FACTORIZATION The prime factorization of 306 is: 2 ● 3 ● 3 ● 17 It can also be written as: 2 ● 32● 17 306 2 ● 153 2 ● 3 ● 51 2 ● 3 ● 3 ● 17

5. GREATEST COMMON FACTOR (GCF) The GREATEST COMMON FACTOR (GCF) is the greatest (biggest) number that is a common factor of a group of two or more numbers.

6. GREATEST COMMON FACTOR (GCF) Example: Find the GCF of 30 and 75. One way is to list all the factors of 30 and 75. Now we look for the BIGGEST number in both tables. The GCF of 30 and 75 is 15. GCF(30, 75) = 15

7. GREATEST COMMON FACTOR (GCF) Example: Find the GCF of 30 and 75. Another way is to use prime factorization. 30 75 Now we look for all the common factors in both. The GCF of 30 and 75 is 3 ∙ 5 GCF(30, 75) = 15 3 10 5 15 3 2 5 5 3 5 30 = 2 ∙ 3 ∙ 5 75 = 3 ∙ 5 ∙ 5

8. GCF of a MONOMIAL • To find the GCF of a monomial • first find the GCF of the coefficients • then find the GCF for each common variable • The GCF of the common variable will ALWAYS be the variable raised to the SMALLEST EXPONENT

9. GCF of a MONOMIAL Find the GCF of each pair of monomials: 3x3 and 6x2 The GCF of 3 and 6 is 3 The common variable is x and the smallest exponent is 2 The GCF is: 3x2

10. GCF of a MONOMIAL Find the GCF of each pair of monomials: 4x2 and 5y2 The GCF of 4 and 5 is 1 There are no common variables! The GCF is: 1

11. GCF of a MONOMIAL Find the GCF of each pair of monomials: 6x3y5 and 15xy9 The GCF of 6 and 15 is 3 The first common variable is x and the smallest exponent is 1 The second common variable is y and the smallest exponent is 5 The GCF is: 3xy5

12. Determine the GCF

13. Factoring In addition to knowing the GCF, we also want to know what is left over. Let us look at one of the previous examples: We already determined that the GCF is To determine the leftovers DIVIDE each term by the GCF The leftovers are:

14. Factoring Once we know the GCF and the leftovers, we put them together GCF is OUTSIDE parenthesis LEFTOVERS go INSIDE parenthesis (like you put leftovers inside the fridge) You CHECK by distributing! It should match the original!

15. Determine the GCF & the leftovers