A Comparative Study of Tracking and Traceability System of Meat Supply Chain Shengnan Sun Institute of Systems Engineering Southeast University July 12, 2014
Outlines 1 Introduction TTS in America 2 TTS in China 3 Comparisons 4 Conclusion 5 5
1. Introduction • Traceability • Ability to trace the history, application, or location of that which is under consideration. (ISO) • Ability to track the inputs used to make food products backward to their source at different levels of the marketing chain. (Liddell and Bailey) From Farm to Table ISO22000:2005 . Food Safety Management System—Requirements for any Organization in the Food Chain Sterling Liddell and DeeVon Bailey. Market Opportunities and Threats to the U.S. Pork Industry Posed by Traceability Systems. International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, 2001,4(3): 287-302
1. Introduction • Benefits of Tracking and Traceability System (TTS) • Promptly locate and remove unsafe meat products in case of a recall. • Protect brand reputation. • Diagnose problems in production and determine liability where relevant. • Develop the international markets while many countries establish strict food market access mechanism.
1. Introduction • TTS of Meat Supply Chain Cow-calfFarm Cattle Feedlot Distributor Supermarket Customer Slaughter/Processing Cow-calfFarm Cattle Feedlot Distributor Supermarket Customer Slaughter/Processing Tracking Activities Tracing Activities
1. Introduction • TTS of Meat Supply Chain Cow-calfFarm Cattle Feedlot Distributor Supermarket Customer Slaughter/Processing Information Information Information Management Mechanism Supply Chain Mode Technology Cow-calfFarm Cattle Feedlot Distributor Supermarket Customer Slaughter/Processing
2. TTS in America • Supply Chain Mode Communal Feeding Cow-calfFarm Cattle Feedlot Distributor Supermarket Slaughter/Processing Customer …… Catering
2. TTS in America • Technology • Identification Technology: • hot branding, freeze branding, hide branding, or horn branding • tattooing, retina scanning, iris, DNA fingerprinting, autoimmune antibody matching, nose print matching, facial recognition • RFID (tagging, ear or around the tail, plastic or metal, button or dangle) • Information system
2. TTS in America • Management Mechanism • Organizations in charge: • USDA (United States Department of Agriculture) • FDA (Food and Drug Administration) • NIAA (National Institute for Animal Agriculture) • FSIS (Food Safety and Inspection Service) • HACCP, GMP • Sample Testing • Regulations and Laws • Bill H.R. 1254, H.R. 1256, and H.R. 3170 concerned ID system • ……
3. TTS in China • Supply Chain Mode——（1） for urban residents (about 560 million) Communal Feeding Cow-calfFarm Cattle Feedlot Distributor Supermarket Slaughter/Processing Customer …… Catering
3. TTS in China • Supply Chain Mode——（2） for country dwellers (more than 700 million) Optional Middleman Slaughter/Processing Feedlot/ Farm Middleman Customer Optional
3. TTS in China • Technology • Identification Technology: • hot branding, freeze branding, hide branding, or horn branding • tattooing, retina scanning, iris, DNA fingerprinting, ear tag • RFID (began to use) • Information system
3. TTS in China • Management Mechanism • Organizations in charge: • Food Safety Commission • Chinese Ministry of Agriculture • Chinese Food and Drug Administration • General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine • HACCP, GMP • Sample Testing • Regulations and Laws • The PRC Food Safety Law • ……
3. TTS in China Case Supported by Jiangsu province science and technology hall • SUGUO supermarket Mode SUGUO Supermarket Consumer Processing Center Breeding Base • Information come from different stages will be stored in SG information system. • Query the quarantine information in different stage. • Query the related information in logistics stage, such as temperature, humidity, etc. • Locate the productions by batch No.
4. Comparisons • Weakness of TTS in China • Lack of TTS solution for meat supply chain in rural market. • GMP is not strictly implemented. • Feed tracking haven’t been paid more attention to. • Animal tracking is still difficult, for lack of efficient nation-wide ID system. • Documentation management don’t get enough attention.
5. Conclusion • Suggestions for improvement • Information systems should be implemented extensively. • Try to establish feasible nation-wide ID system. • Pay more attention to GMP and documentation management. • Centralization is a good solution to rural market with the process of urbanization. • RFID should be extensively used in meat industry, while it can contains more information of animal and meat products.
5. Conclusion • Further research • How to link animal and meat products? • Which identification technology is matching with production technology for tracking and traceability system ? • Which traceability unit is reasonable and economical?
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