Watergate: Nixon’s Downfall How does the Watergate cover up lead to Nixon’s resignation?
All The President’s Men: John Mitchell Head of CRP (Nixon re-election) & former Attorney General HR “Bob” Haldeman- Chief of Staff John Ehrlichman– Domestic Policy Advisor John Dean - White House Counsel Charles Colson- Special Counsel to President Howard Hunt CIA
Break in at the DNC • After Pentagon Papers, John Ehrlichman & Charles Colson ask Howard Hunt to run “the plumbers” to stop future leaks • Plumbers break-in to Daniel Ellsberg’s psychiatrist office • June 17th, 1972: Burglars are caught trying to “bug” the Democrats’ HQ at the Watergate hotel • Press learns that leader of burglary James McCord worked for CRP aka CREEP (Committee to RE-Elect the President) Answer Question #1
The Cover Up • Haldeman informs Nixon of break-in & suggests a cover up • Shred all documents pertaining to the plumbers • Use CRP (CREEP) money to buy burglars silence • Ask FBI to stop investigation (national security) • Only media covering the story are two Washington Post reporters Bob Woodward & Carl Bernstein • 1972: Nixon re-elected in a landslide Answer Question #2
Cover-up Unravels • During the Watergate burglars trial James McCord admits that he originally lied about the break-in • Woodward & Bernstein find out McCord worked for Howard Hunt & the Plumbers • W & B find out Colson & Ehrlichman, hired Hunt and that they and three other people at White House controlled bribe money • W & B are being fed information by a government official code named “Deep Throat” • Deep Throat implicates Haldeman, Mitchell & Dean as three other people involved Answer Question #3 Answer Question #4 2005: Washington Post has confirmed that Mark Felt, Asst FBI director was Deep Throat
White House Tapes • Mitchell, Colson, Haldeman & Ehrlicman resign for their role in the cover-up, claimed Nixon knows nothing • WH counsel John Dean refuses to resign and is fired by Nixon • Senate begins an investigation, Dean testifies President knew of the cover up, White House denies accusations • During Senate hearings its revealed that there was a taping system in the Oval Office • Senate demands Nixon turn over tapes, Nixon claims innocence
Nixon v. US • Nixon refuses to give up tapes cites “executive privilege” • Sp Prosecutor Archibald Cox takes Nixon to court over tapes • Answer Questions 5,6,7 • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_5AndvL7Y9k • VP Agnew resigns due to tax evasion issues, Ford named VP • New Sp Pros Jaworski takes case to Supreme Court – SC forces Nixon to hand over tapes • Despite 18 minute missing gap, tapes show Nixon knew of cover-up – House begins impeachment proceedings
Downfall of a President • Vice President Gerald Ford sworn in as President • August 9th, 1974: Rather than face impeachment, Nixon resigns the Presidency