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Automatic Test Data Generation Using Constraint Solving Techniques. Arnaud Gotlieb Bernard Botella Michel Rueher. Problem and Contribution. Problem Automatic Test Data Generation Leads to identify input values on which a selected point on a procedure is executed Main Contribution

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## Automatic Test Data Generation Using Constraint Solving Techniques

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**Automatic Test Data Generation Using Constraint Solving**Techniques Arnaud Gotlieb Bernard Botella Michel Rueher**Problem and Contribution**• Problem • Automatic Test Data Generation • Leads to identify input values on which a selected point on a procedure is executed • Main Contribution • A new method based on constraint solving techniques for automatic test data generation**Key Points**• Take advantage of constraint techniques when solving the constraint system • Global constraints used on preliminary steps to detect some non feasible paths • Partial consistency techniques help to reduce the domains of possible values of the test data**Proposed Method**• A procedure is statically transformed into a constraint system by the use of Static Single Assignment (SSA) form and control dependencies. • Result: Set of constraints (Kset) • Constraints generated for the entire procedure • Constraints specific to the selected point • Kset is solved to check whether there exists at least one feasible path which goes through the selected point. • Test data corresponding to one of these paths are generated. • Identify test data by using search methods based on enumeration and inference processes.**Generation of Kset**• Generation of the SSA form • Generation of a set of constraints corresponding to the procedure p (pKset(p)) • Generation of a set of constraints corresponding to the control dependencies of a selected point n (cKset(n)) • Kset(p, n) = pKset(p) cKset(n)**Control Flow Graphs**path < 1, 2, 4, 5, 6 > is non-feasible. block 5 is control dependent on block 4**SSA Form**• SSA form is a semantically equivalent version of a procedure on which every variable has a unique definition and every use of a variable is reached by this definition. • SSA form(linear sequence of code) = renaming of the variables. • (i i0, i i1, …) • SSA form(control structures) = special assignments called -functions, in the junction nodes of the CFG. • A -function returns one of its arguments depending on the control flow.**Example**SSA form**Generation of pKset**• pKset(p) is a set of both atomic and global constraints associated with a procedure p. • Atomic constraint is a relation between logical variables. • Global constraints are designed to handle more efficiently set of atomic constraints. • Example of global constraint: • ELEMENT/3 2 : ELEMENT(k, L, v) constraints the kth argument of the list L to be equal to v. • Generation of pKset is driven by the syntax. • Different generation techniques for declaration, assignment and decision, conditional statement, loop statement, array and record,**Generation of cKset**• cKset(n) is the set of constraints of the statements and the branches on which n is control-dependent. • For example, node 5 is control-dependant on node 4: • cKset(5) = {j2 = 2}

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