Shape of the Day • The Origins of Religion • The Origins of Japan • Early Inventions of Japan • A Comparison of Religions
The Jomon • The Jomon had a very simple civilization that largely survived off of hunting and gathering • There is evidence that civilization was based off small groups which were always in conflict
The Yayoi • The Jamon people, however, are not the true ancestor of Japan as a group from Korea known as the Yayoi displaced them • For quite a while Japan survived as a “province” of Korea
Improvements of the Yayoi • With the migration of Koreans to Japan, a number of improvements came including: Rice Farming Stronger Clay Iron Weapons Iron Tools
Replacement of Iron • Around 500 hundred years after the Yayoi period, Iron would be replaced by the much stronger metal steel • This would be crucial to the development of the famous samurai sword. Do you know what it was called?
The Rise of Japan • By the fifth century, people inhabiting Japan were unique enough that we many now call them Japanese • At this time the Japanese now had technology equivalent to the Shang Dynasty (the Shang Dynasty began 2000 years earlier) • The island of Japan at this point was made up of many strong families under the control of the Yamato family
Shinto • Quickly read pages 180-181 *Stop when you reach Buddhism • Take a few notes on Shintoism • What is Kami? • What are some examples of Kami? • Is the sun significant? • Does Shinto involve spirits? • Compare Shintoism to the video “Origins of Religions” • Does this video compare well with Shinto?
Buddhism • While Buddhism spread to China and Korea rapidly, Japan was more skeptical • Japan did accept Buddhism for one reason however: the promise of an after life • In 552 Buddhism was declared the state religion of Japan by Prince Shotoku
Some More Chinese Influence • Prince Shotuko not only inherited Buddhism from China, but a number of other Chinese aspects as well • Shotuko sent hundreds of monks, painters, musicians, and government officials to learn from the Chinese, they would return 30 years later
The Influence of Chinese Government • Like the Chinese, the Japanese government used a number of officials to rule from the Japanese Capital • These officials would observe and control smaller areas of Japan, but could not live among them • This process was implemented in China during the Qin Dynasty