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Action of the Judiciary PowerPoint Presentation
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Action of the Judiciary

Action of the Judiciary

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Action of the Judiciary

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  1. Wilson 16B Action of the Judiciary

  2. Structure • Supreme Court • Required by Article III • Lower Federal Courts • Created by Congress • Constitutional • 94 districts • 12 appellate • Legislative • Much increased in number

  3. Selecting Judges • Party effect • Ideology • Facts of the case • Prior rulings • Lawyers’ arguments • Senatorial courtesy • “Blue slip” • Not for Supreme Court • “Litmus Test”

  4. Jurisdiction • Dual court system • Federal – from Constitution • Federal-question cases • Diversity cases • State – all else • Dual sovereignty doctrine • Each level has the right to enact laws serving its own purpose • Neither level wants the other to block prosecution

  5. Supreme Court • Most start in federal districts • Petition for repeal • Writ of certiorari • Lawyers submit briefs • Oral arguments • Amicus curiae • Conference • Closed debate • Vote and opinion

  6. Getting to court • Filing is easy and cheap • Standing – one is entitled to bring a case • Sovereign immunity – cannot sue government without consent • Process is long and expensive • In forma pauperis • Fee shifting • Class action suits