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Impressionism and Post-Impressionism

Impressionism and Post-Impressionism

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Impressionism and Post-Impressionism

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  1. Impressionism and Post-Impressionism 1850-1920

  2. Dance – Impressionism • There were many important ballets set on the works of Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel. • Afternoon of the Faun by Debussy was danced by the famous dancer Vaslav Nijinsky.

  3. Drama/Theatre –Impressionism and Post-Impressionism • Forms most explored were expressionism and symbolism-seen in technical elements. • Two of the most influential designers and theorists in this period are Adolphe Appia and Gordon Craig. • Emphasis on lighting.

  4. Music – ImpressionismClaude Debussy (1862-1918) • His music represented visual images and emotions. • Music was meant to represent nature • Did not like the term impressionist being applied to his music. • Musical pieces were descriptive like “The Snow is Falling,” and “The Sea.” • No longer descriptions of their forms (sonata, etude, minuet). • Debussy’s La Mer: Movement3 of The Sea). • Debussy’s Claire de Lune.

  5. Maurice Ravel (1875-1937) • French • Interests in the exotic and jazz • Portrayed ideas more than images. • La Valse (The Waltz) about the decline of European society. • Le tombeau de Couperin (The tomb of Couperin) was written as a response to the loss of friends in WWI. • Most famous piece is Bolero(15 mins) • one melody that repeats over and over with different instruments playing it each time.

  6. Visual Art - Impressionism and Post-Impressionism • Occurred primarily in France between 1867-1886 • Focused on the effects of light, atmospheric conditions and capturing a moment in time. • Photographs were black and white • Post-Impressionists explored the expression of reality in new ways, using color and form.

  7. Characteristics • Less detail • Blurred, soft edges • Thick paint see the short brushstrokes • Pure color, little mixing • Blues and purple for shading • Effect of light on objects • Painted outside using portable easels

  8. Here's a list that might help to remember the issues important to most Impressionists: • E Everyday life • LLight • BBrushstrokes • OOutdoor settings • WWeather and atmosphere

  9. Claude Monet (1840-1926) • French landscape painter • Used quick, short brushstrokes to apply small dabs of color. • Captured atmospheric and sunlight on images • Critics thought style was unfinished and called it “Impressionism” after Monet’s 1874 painting Impression: Sunrise • The Bridge at Argenteuil painted in 1874 shows his success at capturing the rapidly changing reflections in water.

  10. Impression Sunrise (1872)

  11. The artist’s house at Argenteuil (1873)

  12. The Bridge at Argenteuil (1874)

  13. La Promenade (1875)

  14. The poppy field (1875)

  15. Le bateau atelier (1876)

  16. Sunflowers (1881)

  17. Cliff walk (1882)

  18. Suzanne reading and Blanche Painting by the marsh at Giverny (1887)

  19. Antibes vue de la Salis (1888)

  20. Stacks of wheat (1891)

  21. Water lily pond (1899)

  22. A pathway in Monet’s Garden in Giverny (1901)

  23. Water lilies (1906)

  24. The Palazzo Dairo (1908)

  25. Water Lilly Pond (1908)

  26. Water lilies 2 (1914)

  27. Iris (1914-1917)

  28. Water lily, the clouds (1920)

  29. Mary Cassatt (1844-1926) • American from Pennsylvania • Spent most of her life in Europe. • helped to bring European art to America • Private art lessons in Paris • worked with oil and pastels, and created prints. • Women, children, and their bond became her subjects • 1876 painting Young Mother Sewing • Picking an Apple by Mary Cassatt

  30. American

  31. Little girl in the blue chair (1878)

  32. Self portrait (1878)

  33. The cup of tea (1879)

  34. The woman with the pearl necklace (1879)

  35. Woman in black at the opera (1879)

  36. The loge (1879)

  37. 5 o’clock tea (1880)

  38. Children playing on the beach (1884)

  39. The bath (1892)

  40. The two sisters (1893)

  41. Boating party (1894)

  42. Summertime (1894)

  43. Breakfast in bed (1897)

  44. Maternal Kiss (1897)

  45. A kiss for baby Anne (1897)

  46. Young mother sewing (1900)

  47. Family group reading (1901)

  48. Children playing with cat (1908)

  49. Sleepy baby (1910)

  50. A baby smiling at her mother (1913)