Impressionism and Post-Impressionism 1850-1920
Dance – Impressionism • There were many important ballets set on the works of Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel. • Afternoon of the Faun by Debussy was danced by the famous dancer Vaslav Nijinsky.
Drama/Theatre –Impressionism and Post-Impressionism • Forms most explored were expressionism and symbolism-seen in technical elements. • Two of the most influential designers and theorists in this period are Adolphe Appia and Gordon Craig. • Emphasis on lighting.
Music – ImpressionismClaude Debussy (1862-1918) • His music represented visual images and emotions. • Music was meant to represent nature • Did not like the term impressionist being applied to his music. • Musical pieces were descriptive like “The Snow is Falling,” and “The Sea.” • No longer descriptions of their forms (sonata, etude, minuet). • Debussy’s La Mer: Movement3 of The Sea). • Debussy’s Claire de Lune.
Maurice Ravel (1875-1937) • French • Interests in the exotic and jazz • Portrayed ideas more than images. • La Valse (The Waltz) about the decline of European society. • Le tombeau de Couperin (The tomb of Couperin) was written as a response to the loss of friends in WWI. • Most famous piece is Bolero(15 mins) • one melody that repeats over and over with different instruments playing it each time.
Visual Art - Impressionism and Post-Impressionism • Occurred primarily in France between 1867-1886 • Focused on the effects of light, atmospheric conditions and capturing a moment in time. • Photographs were black and white • Post-Impressionists explored the expression of reality in new ways, using color and form.
Characteristics • Less detail • Blurred, soft edges • Thick paint see the short brushstrokes • Pure color, little mixing • Blues and purple for shading • Effect of light on objects • Painted outside using portable easels
Here's a list that might help to remember the issues important to most Impressionists: • E Everyday life • LLight • BBrushstrokes • OOutdoor settings • WWeather and atmosphere
Claude Monet (1840-1926) • French landscape painter • Used quick, short brushstrokes to apply small dabs of color. • Captured atmospheric and sunlight on images • Critics thought style was unfinished and called it “Impressionism” after Monet’s 1874 painting Impression: Sunrise • The Bridge at Argenteuil painted in 1874 shows his success at capturing the rapidly changing reflections in water.
Mary Cassatt (1844-1926) • American from Pennsylvania • Spent most of her life in Europe. • helped to bring European art to America • Private art lessons in Paris • worked with oil and pastels, and created prints. • Women, children, and their bond became her subjects • 1876 painting Young Mother Sewing • Picking an Apple by Mary Cassatt