What happened after Gettysburg? • The day following the Union’s Gettysburg victory, General Ulysses S. Grant captured Vicksburg, Mississippi. • This was the Confederate’s last port on the Miss. River, so losing this was a big deal.
How did N.C. citizens react? • N.C. citizens, as well as most of the South, began calling for “peace” after hearing news of the battles. • They knew they could no longer sustain the toll the war was taking on their half of the country.
When was it clear the war was ending? • By 1865, it was obvious that the Confederates were about to lose the war. • Soldiers were wounded, hungry, and tired. • The Confederates had zero men left to enlist! • They became so desperate that they even discussed recruiting slaves to join military.
What was Sherman’s March? • Union General William Sherman took a “total war” philosophy. This meant that he ordered his army to take out not just enemy soldiers, but civilians’ homes, livestock, and crops. • His goal was to destroy civilian morale. • Southerners will always remember Sherman’s March as the most resented part of the Civil War.
What was the final battle? • Sherman’s army continued to steamroll through the South and eventually met Confederate troops in Bentonville, NC. • Confederate troops fought valiantly but fell due to having only 1/3 the number of troops as the Union.
Where did the official surrender take place? • On April 9, 1865, Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House in Virginia. • Prideful Southerners were devastated by the news, while some who had already taken the Union’s side rejoiced.