Publican • bought tax franchises from the Roman Emperor • could keep any overage they collected • used strong arm thugs • they were… TRAITORS
Publicans • Same rank as prostitutes. (MATT 21:32) • Luke 18:10-14 • Parable of Tax Collector and the Pharisee • vs. 13 “But the tax collector, STANDING FAR OFF!” • Jewish Talmud taught: it is righteous to lie and deceive a tax collector because that was what a professional extortioner deserved • Matthew was a JEW!
The Call TO Matthew • His gospel quotes the OT 99 times • More than Mark, Luke, and John combined • Quotes from the Law, Psalms, and Prophets • Heard about Jesus • Only occasion where we see Matthew alone • Matthew 9:9 • Luke 5:27-32
The Call TO Matthew • Matthew 9:9 “As Jesus passed on from there, he saw a man called Matthew sitting at the tax booth, and he said to him, “Follow me.” • Luke 5:28 “and leaving everything, he rose and followed him.” • Lucrative career • All he knew • Jesus changed Matthew
The Call OF Matthew • Luke 5:29-30 • Made him a great feast in his house • invited tax collectors • THEY WERE ALL HE KNEW, THEY WERE HIS ASSOCIATES
Who are you calling? • Who are your associates? • What is the purpose of your friendships? • Be a friend to Jesus by introducing a friend to Jesus!