Learning Style and Intelligence . Chapter 3 . What is learning style?. Your learning style is your learning preference. How do you like to learn?. Knowing about your learning style helps you to :. Be more productive at school and on the job Increase achievement Be more creative
Visual Learning Techniques Mental photograph or video Flash cards Highlighting Draw pictures to remember Use pictures or symbols in the margin to remember Draw a map or outline
Auditory Learners Learn through listening and talking Remember what they hear better than what they see
Auditory Learners: Prefer to listen to instructions Often like to talk on the phone or listen to music Learn best if they can hear and see the assignment
Auditory Learning Techniques Discuss what you have learned withothers Participate in study groups Recite aloud Teach others what you have learned Use flash cards and say the items Use music in the background if it does not distract you or use it as a break from studying
Kinesthetic/Tactile Learners Learn through doing Remember hands on activities Use their hands to build, create, plant, draw or decorate
Kinesthetic/Tactile Learners: Learn the assignment best by using physical activity
Kinesthetic/Tactile Learning Techniques Read while walking or pacing Study outside when practical Take notes on lectures Highlight or underline Write summaries Outline chapters Think of practical applications
How does learning style affect career choice? For example, an architect would probably have a strong preference for visual learning. What would be the common learning preferences for most athletes?
Activity: Complete the Learning Style Quiz in the Textbook
Brainstorm: Learning Techniques Four groups: Auditory Visual Tactile/kinesthetic Combination types What learning techniques match these preferences? Write them on the board.
Productivity Environmental Preference Survey (PEPS) Elements of learning style Environmental Emotional Sociological Physical Notice how these factors affect productivity at school as well as on the job.
Environmental Sound Light Temperature Design (formal or informal)
Emotional Motivation Persistence Structure
Alone/peer Authority Independent learning Online learning Instructor guided learning Face to face courses Sociological
Physical Auditory Visual Tactile Kinesthetic Intake Time of day Mobility
How do these factors affect productivity at school and on the job?
Written Exercise Understanding your Peps Learning Style Inventory What is your ideal environment for learning and working?
Your Personality and Your Learning Style
For review, what is your personality type? Extravert or Introvert? Sensing or Intuitive? Thinking or Feeling? Judging or Perceptive?
Learning Strategies for Different Personality Types
Extraverts Learn best when in action Value physical activity Like to study with others
Extravert Learn by talking. Discuss what you have learned with others. Like variety and action. Take frequent breaks and do something active.
Caution! Extraverts can get so distracted by activity and socialization that the studying does not get done.
Introverts Learn best by pausing to think Value reading Prefer to study individually Need quiet for concentration
Introvert Find a quiet place to study by yourself. Plan to study for longer periods of time so you can concentrate. Find places with minimal distractions such as the library. Turn off the phone.
Caution! This type may miss out on sharing ideas with others and the fun and social life of college.
Sensing Seeks specific information Memorizes facts Values what is practical Follows instructions Likes hands-on experience Wants clear assignments
Sensing Good at mastering facts and details. Think about practical applications to motivate yourself. Ask, “How can I use this.”
Caution! This type may miss the big picture or general outline by focusing too much on the facts and details. Make a general outline to see the relationship and meaning of the facts.
INtuitive Seeks quick insights Uses imagination to go beyond the facts Values what is original Likes theories Reads between the lines Independent thinkers
INtuitive Good at learning concepts and theories Ask yourself, “What is the main point?”
Caution! Since this type focuses on general concepts and theories, they are likely to miss the details and facts. To learn the details, organize them into broad categories that have meaning for you.
Thinking Wants objective material to study Logic guides learning Likes to critique new ideas Finds flaws in an argument Learns by challenge and debate Wants logical presentations
Thinking Thinking types are good at logic. Ask yourself, “What do I think of these ideas?” Debate or discuss your ideas with others. Allow time to think and reflect on your studies.
Caution! These types construct logical arguments and defend them. They may need to learn to respect the ideas of others, especially feeling types.
Feeling Wants to be able to relate to the material personally Personal values are important Likes to please instructors Learns by being supported and appreciated Wants faculty who establish personal rapport with students
Feeling Search for personal meaning to motivate yourself. Help others to learn. Whenever possible, choose classes that relate to your personal interests. Find a comfortable environment for learning.
Caution! This type may neglect studies because of time spent in helping others. They may find it difficult to pay attention to material that is not personally meaningful.
Judging Find ways to organize the material to learn it easier. If possible, select instructors who present material in an organized way. Set goals and use a schedule to motivate yourself. Use a daily planner or to-do list.
Caution! This type tends to be structured and controlled which can limit creativity. They may be in conflict with others who are less organized. They may be overachievers who get stressed easily.
Perceptive Good at looking at the possibilities and keeping the options open. Allow time to be thorough and complete your work. Have fun while learning. Study in groups with a mixture of perceptive and judging types.
Caution! This type may work on too many projects at once. Work on managing your time to meet deadlines.
Personality ANOTHER LOOK
USE 2 LETTERS S J I S F J
ARE YOU: NT SP SJ NF ?
Group Activity: Divide into 4 GROUPS SJ NT SP NF
Group Activity: Make a list of adjectives that describe your favorite teacher. Have the recorder write your responses on the board.
Here are some typical responses. Are yours similar?
SJ Responsible Dependable Fair Practical Role model Prepared Dedicated In Control Experienced Organized Take Charge Step by step Specific Precise To the Point Rewards for Good Work
SP Unpredictable Laid Back Opportunities Exploration Fun! Entertaining Sense of Humor Flexible Interesting Variety On the Go Patient Different Perspectives Try New Things
NF Open Creative Calm Honest Empathic Personal Mentor Tutor Compassionate Enabler Tolerant Helpful Role Model Supportive
What if your personality does not match the teacher’s personality?
Choose a different teacher..
What else? Adapt Tolerate Appreciate Understand Communicate
Group Activity: Adapting to Different Teaching Styles
Free Write Describe your learning style. How does your personality affect your learning style? How does learning style affect career choice? For example, if you are a judging type who is good at details and organization, what career would match this type?
Multiple Intelligences Developed by Howard Gardner Defined as the human ability to solve problems or design or compose things valued in at least one culture Broadens the scope of human potential
Learning Style Intelligences put to work Measured by your performance You can develop these areas and become competent in each one
Three Factors Heredity Personal Life History Cultural and historical background Key Idea: You can develop your multiple intelligences.
Life History Crystallizers promote the development of the intelligence. Paralyzers inhibit the development of the intelligence. What are some factors that affected your intelligences early in life?
Your textbook provides an opportunity to explore your multiple intelligences. Use the access code to take the MI Advantage.
Choose Your Career with Multiple Intelligence in Mind
Build on Your Strengths Musical Listening to music Singing or playing an instrument Recognizing musical patterns Musical Smart Careers Disc Jockey Music Teacher Music Retailer Music Therapist Singer Song Writer Music Critic Music Lawyer
Build on Your Strengths Interpersonal Communication Social skills Helping others Resolve conflicts People Smart Careers Cruise Director Mediator Human Resources Dental Hygienist Nurse Psychologist Social Worker Marketer Counselor
Build on Your Strengths Logical-Mathematical Math aptitude Interest in science Problem solving Logical thinking Number Smart Careers Engineer Accountant Computer Analyst Physician Detective Researcher Scientist Economist
Build on Your Strengths Spatial Visualization Navigation Reading Writing Picture Smart Careers Architect Artist Film animator Mechanic Pilot Webmaster Interior decorator Graphic artist Photographer
Build on Your Strengths Bodily- Kinesthetic Hand and eye coordination Athletics Dance Drama Cooking Learning by doing Body Smart Careers Athlete Carpenter Craftsperson Mechanic Jeweler Computer game designer Firefighter Forest ranger Physical therapist
Build on Your Strengths Linguistic Reading Writing Vocabulary Spelling Good listener Good memory Word Smart Careers Journalist Writer Editor Attorney Curator Newscaster Politician Librarian Comedian
Build on Your Strengths Intrapersonal Self-aware Understand emotions Independent Self-motivated Self Smart Careers Career counselor Wellness counselor Therapist Criminologist Intelligence officer Entrepreneur Researcher Actor Artist
Build on Your Strengths Naturalist Aware of natural surroundings Preserve the environment Nature Smart Careers Park ranger Dog trainer Landscaper Meteorologist Veterinarian Animal health technician Ecologist Wilderness guide Environmental lawyer
Build on Your Strengths Existential Questioning Purpose of life Religious beliefs Curiosity Smart Careers Counselor Psychologist Psychiatrist Social worker Ministry Philosopher Artist Scientist Researcher
Emotional Intelligence Interpersonal + Intrapersonal The ability to recognize, control, and evaluate your emotions while realizing how they affect other people
Emotional Intelligence Two Parts: Understanding yourself, your goals, intentions, responses and behavior Understanding others and their feelings
Emotional Intelligence Express yourself Work as part of a team Concentrate Remember Make decisions Deal with stress Overcome challenges Deal with conflict Empathize with others
How Can You Develop Emotional Intelligence?
Developing Emotional Intelligence Use empathy. Think about how your actions affect others. Be intellectually curious. Give others credit for their accomplishments. Work on stress management. Take a college course on verbal and nonverbal communication. Take responsibility for your actions.
These intelligences work together in complex ways to make us unique individuals.
Textbook Activity:Learning Style Applications
Keys to Success:Create Your Success
Create Your Success We make decisions and choices that create the future. Our behavior leads to our success or failure.
Sometimes we blame others My parents did it to me. My teacher gave me a poor grade. My boss gave me a poor evaluation.
When we take responsibility for our actions, we create our success.
Ask these questions: How did I create this situation? How can I make the best of it? What can I do about it now? If I didn’t create it, how do I choose to react to it?
Caution! Sometimes you do not create it all. You can still choose your attitude and reaction to what has happened.
Steven Covey Author of Seven Habits of Highly Effective People. Chooses to use the word: response-ability Suggests that we use resourcefulness and initiative to create the future we want