Lesson Eight English II
deride Definition Example • (v) to ridicule; to mock • syn: scorn • ant: praise • The unpopular professor derided students who made mistakes.
censure Definition Example • (v) to criticize sharply • syn: condemn; reproach • ant: praise; applaud • The judge censured the repeat offender for his criminal behavior.
gambol Definition Example • (v) to frolic; to romp about playfully • syn: play; caper; rollick • The pre-schoolers liked to gambol about on the playground.
immolate Definition Example • (v) to kill someone as a sacrificial victim, usually by fire • Some Buddhist monks immolated themselves in protest of the government’s policies.
recondite Definition Example • (adj) difficult to understand; profound • Only a few students understood the recondite explanation of the theory.
martinet Definition Example • (n) a strict disciplinarian; taskmasker • The teacher was a martinet who never made exceptions to the rules.
quagmire Definition Example • (n) a swamp; a difficult or inextricable situation • The war was a political quagmire for three U.S. presidents.
gibe Definition Example • (v) to scoff; to ridicule • syn: jeer; taunt; sneer • ant: compliment; praise • His favorite pastime was to gibe at everything his wife said.
agape Definition Example • (adj) open-mouthed; surprised; agog • syn: astonished • Even the judge was agape when the witness told the ridiculous story in court.
carcinogen Definition Example • (n) causing cancer • Benzene, a component of gasoline, is a carcinogen.
olfactory Definition Example • (adj) pertaining to smell • If you have a cold, then your olfactory sense will not detect the gas leak.
imperious Definition Example • (adj) domineering; haughty • syn: overbearing; arrogant; masterful • ant: servile; submissive • The judge pronounced his findings in an imperious voice.
grotesque Definition Example • (adj) absurd; distorted • The boy made a grotesque face behind the teacher’s back.
neologism Definition Example • (n) a new word or expression • syn: coinage • Some writers coin neologisms to confuse and impress their readers.
hackneyed Definition Example • (adj) commonplace; overused • syn: trite; banal • ant: fresh; imaginative • “Good as gold” is a hackneyed expression.