Download
intro to the study of history n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
INTRO to the STUDY of HISTORY PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
INTRO to the STUDY of HISTORY

INTRO to the STUDY of HISTORY

135 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

INTRO to the STUDY of HISTORY

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. INTRO to the STUDY of HISTORY

  2. What is history? • TELLS A STORY…The Story of Humanity’s PAST… • It RECORDS/EXPLAINS what people have THOUGHT, SAID, DONE… • DEALS W/POLITICAL, SOCIAL, ECONOMIC MATTERS • Describes humanity’s efforts to “Improve”? the World… • It incorporates the two fields of Humanities and the Social Sciences…

  3. WHO STUDIES HISTORY? • ARCHEOLOGISTS • ARTIFACTS (OLD “STUFF”) • Also: • ANTHROPOLOGISTS • PALEONTOLOGIGTS • + Many other fields/area of study…

  4. WHY STUDY HISTORY? • LEARN ABOUT OURSELVES/OUR BACKGROUNDS • LEARN LESSONS OF THE PAST (HOPEFULLY!) • BETTER UNDERSTAND OUR WORLD

  5. CONCEPT of TIME/HISTORY • B.C./A.D. (TIMELINE) • BC= before Christ • AD= anno domini= “in the year of our Lord”… • Traditional way of showing time in the Julian and Gregorian calendars • OR: BCE= before common era • OR: CE= common era • Ex: Dates of Roman EMPIRE: 27 BC-----AD 476

  6. Ages of Humanity • Classified by TYPES of HISTORICAL EVIDENCE: • PREHISTORIC PERIOD- before 4,000 BC • BEFORE WRITING • PALEOLITHIC/NEOLITHIC PERIODS (The STONE Ages) • NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION- c. 10,000BC • -Turning point in History…

  7. Ages of Humanity • HISTORIC PERIOD- (since 4,000 BC) • AFTER WRITING/WRITTEN RECORDS • Ex: Copper/Bronze/Iron Ages…

  8. HISTORY of “WESTERN” CIVILIZATION • 1. ‘ANCIENT’ HISTORY- 4,000BC – AD 500 • 2. ‘MEDIEVAL’ HISTORY- AD 500 – 1400 • 3. ‘MODERN’ HISTORY- 1400 - PRESENT

  9. Emergence of CIVILIZATION • Earliest WRITTEN records lead us to “cradles” of CIVILIZATION… • What type of area(s) do you think would lead to these Civilizations? • All located in major RIVER VALLEYS (see maps)

  10. Emergence of CIVILIZATION • BIG FOUR: • TIGRIS-EUPHRATES RIVERS (Mesopotamia) • NILE RIVER (Egypt) • INDUS-GANGES (India) • HUANG HE (Yellow)/CHANG JIANG (Yangtze)-(China)

  11. Why River Valleys? • IRRIGATION= a SURPLUS of FOOD=Pop growth • ECONOMIES- developing/growing • Specialization of labor= ARTISANS/TRADE • TRADE=CULTURAL DIFFUSION • This led to the rise of CITIES (see map) • The Invention of WRITING…Why??? • This led to the first true, great CIVILIZATIONS…

  12. CIVILIZATION -(define) • HIGHLY ORGANIZED SOCIETY MARKED BY ADVANCED KNOWLEDGE OF TRADE, GOVERNMENT, ARTS, SCIENCE, and often • WRITTEN LANGUAGE • From the Latin CIVITAS, meaning “CITY” • The rise of Civilization=the rise of Cities, according to most Historians…

  13. The FIVE Characteristics of CIVILIZATION • 1. Complex Institutions (Government/Laws, etc..) • 2. Specialized Workers (Artisans, Trade, Economics) • 3. Cities • 4. Written Language/record keeping • 5. Advanced Technology- (contributions to civilization)