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The Development of National Spatial Data Infrastructure in Indonesia

The Development of National Spatial Data Infrastructure in Indonesia

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The Development of National Spatial Data Infrastructure in Indonesia

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  1. The Development of National Spatial Data Infrastructure in Indonesia Rudolf W. Matindas Deputy of Spatial Data Infrastructure National Coordinating Agency for Surveys and Mapping (BAKOSURTANAL)

  2. OUTLINES • CURRENT NSDI FOCUS AREAS • CONCEPTUAL DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONAL SPATIAL DATA INFRASTRUCTURE IN INDONESIA • CONCLUSIONS

  3. CURRENT NSDI FOCUS AREAS • National Organization “Geodata Alliance” • Significantly expanded multi sector leadership • Plan by year 2005 • NSDI Financing Study • Public / private alternatives for advancing the NSDI • Data Consortia, underwritten by pooled financing • Reduce duplication, increase quality • Expanded International Outreach • International / global collaboration • Regional and Global Spatial Data Infrastructure • Open Geoprocessing

  4. CONCEPTUAL DEVELOPMENT OF NSDI IN INDONESIA SUPPORTING REGULATION PRESENT CONDITION NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT SYSTEM TARGETS OF ARRANGEMENT NSDI DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS DRIVING FORCES

  5. PRESENT CONDITION • Two contrasting positions further confuse the debate • notion of infrastructure limited to tangible assets like roads, railway networks (and databases) • Infrastructure seen not only in terms of tangible assets but also the individuals and institutions need to make it a functional reality

  6. PRESENT CONDITION (continued) • Many services and data are locational • Devices are becoming location aware • Taxpayers want ease of use and responsive service • “Place” therefore is a core element for e-government

  7. DRIVING FORCES • Commitment of GOI: Establishment of the SDI as part of National Development Program • Spatial data as commodity • Free market/open trade • Advances of technology opens up possibility/opportunity to speed up data collection, processing, analyzing, presentation and disseminating of Spatial Data

  8. SUPPORTING REGULATION • Guidelines of State Policy (Tap. MPR No. IV/99) • National Development Program 2000 - 2004 Act (UU. No. 25/2000) • Human Right Act, Right to Access Information (UU. No. 39/1999) • Autonomy Act (UU. No. 22/1999) • Spatial Planning Arrangement Act (UU. No. 24/1992)

  9. TARGET OF ARRANGEMENT • Partnerships – local/national/regional/global • Standards • Distributed Database and Metadata • Clearinghouse (catalog) • Geodata • Community applications • Outreach, education, assistance

  10. NSDI DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS • Long Term • Establishment of National Geographic Information Act • Development of Integrated Information Management System • Development of National Metadata • Development of Clearinghouse mechanism system • Short Term • Establishing national committee and working groups for spatial data infrastructure • Development of Indonesian Spatial Data Directory • Promoting IDSN through out websites and seminars • Development of standards • Facilitating on datum migration • Promoting and development of on-line mapping

  11. COMMON FEATURES • Explicitly national • Refer to geographic information, geospatial data or land and marine information • Use terms such infrastructure, systems or framework

  12. ISSUES RAISED BY STUDY Three important questions raised by an evaluation of NSDI experiences: • What is a NSDI? • How national is a NSDI? • Why only national?

  13. ORGANIZATION & PARTNERSHIPS • National Geographic Data Committee Steering Committee, Coordination Group, and Working Groups provide the forum for policy and technical discussion • Some of the major stakeholders & partners – National, Province, District / Municipal, local, and tribal governments; Open GIS Consortium • Expanding Global Outreach to promote compatibility across borders / globally

  14. DEVELOPMENT OF THE NSDI IN INDONESIA DBASE UPDATED DBASE UPDATED Geodetic DB TOPICAL SPATIAL RELATED DATA/ INFO OF AGENCIES TopoMap DB Bathy DB Thematic DB SPATIAL SYSTEM NETWORK SPATIAL SYSTEM NETWORK NATIONAL SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT 2001-2004 YEAR – 1 YEAR – 2 YEAR – 3YEAR - 4 PARTICIPANTS AGENCIES END USERS NSDI AGENCIES & Fundamental Dataset Provinces, Districts / Cities Sectoral Agencies . . . . . . . . I N T E R N E T Research Scientific and Research . . . . . . . . Universities Education . . . . . . . . MD BASE UPDATED MD BASE UPDATED Public Data Developer METADATA . . . . . . . . General Public . . . . . . . Development of Standards • Operational Disseminating data through Internet • Extension of participating parties Spatial Related Data Contributed by Sectoral Agency (Land Agency, Public Work, Forestry, Agriculture, Dept. of Defense, etc) • Data Base Continuous Updating • Management Digital Catalog development • System Host Dev for Data Integrator • Prototype web app. and Internet link Access by all categories of users Inter-Agencies Data Centre

  15. NAT. DEVELOPMENT SYSTEM • Improvement of decision support tools • Improvement of people’s learning through open access to spatial data

  16. CONCLUSION • Diversity of first generation of NSDIs • Not surprising given diversity of geographic and institutional factors involved in the different countries • But also points to considerable confusion regarding the purpose, scope and content of an SDI.

  17. INDONESIA NSDI SECRETARIAT Address: Jl. Raya Jakarta – Bogor Km. 46 Cibinong 16911, INDONESIA Phone: +62 21 8753407 Facsimile: +62 21 875 3366 Email idsn@bakosurtanal.go.id Homepage http://www.bakosurtanal.go.id/