310 likes | 1.6k Vues
You are Philip II of Macedonia. You love Macedonia. Macedonia is just North of Greece, it has some pretty nasty terrain and a cold climate but being from there you are very adapt to the landscape and weather. You and your people have always been looked down upon by the Greeks. Why?.
E N D
You love Macedonia • Macedonia is just North of Greece, it has some pretty nasty terrain and a cold climate but being from there you are very adapt to the landscape and weather. You and your people have always been looked down upon by the Greeks. Why?
What does Macedonia have? • No great philosophers • No great sculptors • No great writers • But one great king • You, King Philip, a 23 year old, brilliant general and ruthless politician. Click on the picture of Greece to check up on the Greeks.
Check up on the Greeks The Greeks have just finished having a war, the Peloponnesian War. This war began in 431 BC. The war appears to have weakened Sparta and Athens, two Greek city-States. Click on the Spartan to look at Sparta, click on the ship to check out Athens.
Sparta and the Peloponnesian War • Sparta declared war on Athens • Known for army • Only obstacle: Wall around Athens • In 421 BC, Spartans were tired of fighting, signed truce. Click on the Wall to check out Athens Click on Army to hear about Greeks fighting again.
Athens • Famous Navy • Judging from the map, why is having a good navy a problem for Athens?
Athens and the War • Sparta’s Army forced Athens to flee inside city wall. • Seven years Sparta could not get inside the wall. • How did Athens survive?
Athens, War, and a Plague? • 430 BC Plague struck the city. • 1/3 of population died • Athenian Leader Pericles died Why do you suppose a plague spread throughout the city? • Surrender in 421 BC Click on Spartan, to see the Spartans during the war. Click on the white flag to see what the Greeks did after the war.
Greeks duke it out again • 415 BC, Athens sent 20,000 soldiers to Sicily • Destroy Syracuse, Sparta’s wealthiest ally. • EPIC FAIL FOR ATHENS • Everything is destroyed- soldiers die, ships destroyed. • Athens holds off Sparta for 9 years • Forced to surrender empire.
King Philip, you are in a interesting situation • Reasons to attack the Greeks now? • Reasons to attack the Greeks later? • What should you do attack now, later, or inspect your troops?
Later? • The Greeks are so vulnerable and weak right now. Your people demand that you take attack them now. • You must listen to your people! The last thing you want is an uprising • You must attack now or inspect your troops and then attack.
Attack Now • You learn that Athens has been warned that you are coming, however, they are no match for your much more superior army. • Athens attempted to join forces with Thebes but you crush them both. You take over control of Greece in 338 BC. • What does this mean for Greece now?
If you have not yet inspected your troops you may want to check them out. • Or check out the battle that defeated the Greeks; the battle of Chaeronea.
Inspect the Troops • You love your army, you have trained them to fight in a unique manner, that is similar to the Greeks but different enough that you can destroy them. • Your army was once a group of untrained peasants, however, you have trained them well enough to be a war fighting machine. • Your army features ground troops and cavalry. • The army consists of phalanxes 16 men across and 16 men deep, with 18 foot long spears. • Cavalry rides in once the phalanxes have broken through enemy lines and scattered the enemy.
Your phalanx! Continue onto the battle if you haven’t. • Figure out what to do after you have battled.
The Battle of Chaeronea • The battle was won by you and your son Alexander who commanded the Cavalry. • Difficult to break through the Greek lines. Had Cavalry retreat, Greeks rushed after, doing so spreading out their line, allowing you to break through the middle. • Cavalry then turned around and jumped the Greeks that had chased after, while you and your phalanxes destroyed the remaining Greek Army.
What now? • Philip, you have control of all Greece, a land that is know for their great philosophers, writers, architects, and soldiers. • What are you going to do with this new acquired land?
OH NO!!! • At the wedding of your daughter in 336 BC you are stabbed to death. • Your son Alexander takes over your empire.
Alexander • Alexander is young, only 20 years old. Do you think he is ready to lead? • You have trained your son well. • He is educated in literature, geography, and Science; taught by Aristotle • He is a wonderful leader in battle. • Sleeps with a copy of the Iliad each night.
First Act as King • Thebes rebelled after your death. • Alexander killed 6,000 Thebes, destroyed their city, and sold the remaining people into slavery. • Good or bad for Alexander?
Learn More About Alexander • Check out what Alexander did in India and in Persia.