Define the following terms: • 1.Nuclearfamily—The most basic family form, consisting of a husband, wife, and their children. • 2.Single-parent family—A family headed by one parent. • 3. Blended family—The type of family formed when a single parent remarries. Blended families can include children of each spouse, plus new children of the couple.
4. Extended family—A larger family group including not only parents and their children but also grandparents, uncles, aunts, and cousins. • 5. Nurture—To provide the care and attention needed to promote development. • 6. Socialization—The process of learning how to interact with other people.
7. Family life cycle—A process of growth and change that families go through over the years. • 8. Support system—All the people and organizations a person or family can turn to for help.
Answer the following: • 1. What is the difference between a nuclear family and an extended family? • Nuclear family: Consists only of a husband, wife, and their children. • Extended family: Includes grandparents, uncles, aunts, and cousins as well.
2. Explain how a blended family is formed. • When a single parent remarries.
3. How do families nurture their members? • By providing care and attention needed to promote development. • Why is this such an important function? • Because it influences the character that children develop and that in turn influences what society as a whole is like.
4. How do families meet the physical, intellectual, and emotional needs of their members? • By providing the food, clothing and shelter; acting as a child’s first teacher; loving and accepting all members. • Give two examples for each. • Physical:Food, clothing, shelter, health, safety.Intellectual: Knowledge, thinking, ability, creativity.Emotional: Being loved, being accepted.
5. What does socialization involve? • Learning how to interact with others. • How do children learn social skills? • By direct teaching and by observing and following the examples set by others.
6. Give three examples of moral values that families teach their children. • Honesty • Respect • Fairness • Sense of right and wrong.
7. Describe the five stages of the traditional family life cycle. • Beginning: The marriage of two people. The couple establishes a home and learns to live together. • Parenting: When a couple raises children. • Launching: When children leave home to begin lives of their own.
Middle-age: Parent focus on being a couple again. • Retirement: The couple has time for more leisure. There is a rise of aging-related concerns.
8. Give two examples of variations on the family life cycle pattern. • Not having children. Marrying and having children later in life. Overlap of parenting and launching stages. Divorce. Remarriage. Caringfor adult children. Caring for adult parents. Putting off retirement.
9. What does the term sandwich generation mean? • Adults caring for both children and aging parents. • Why has the number of people in the sandwich generation increase? • Because people are living longer than in the past.
10. How does the trend toward increased mobility affect families? • Being separated from extended family.
11. Why is good communication important for developing a strong family? • To make it easier to coordinate schedules and plans. • To make it possible to develop closeness.
12. Explain why trust is a two-way street. • To earn the trust of others you have to show that you are trustworthy.
13. Give four examples of family support systems. • Examples of family support systems include extended family • neighbors • friends • social service agencies • libraries • parks and recreational facilities • schoolsand • places of worship.
14. What are the benefits of finding time to spend with your family? • It helps build a strong family, which benefits everyone who is a member and society as a whole.