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Patricio A. Bernal, Executive Secretary IOC PowerPoint Presentation
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Patricio A. Bernal, Executive Secretary IOC

Patricio A. Bernal, Executive Secretary IOC

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Patricio A. Bernal, Executive Secretary IOC

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  1. The Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning System: A Progress Report Patricio A. Bernal, Executive Secretary IOC

  2. UN role • Define the proper scale of the problem and solution. • The system must be: • Fully owned by the Indian Ocean Rim countries • Based on international multilateral cooperation • Based on the open and free exchange of data • Protect all countries in the Indian Ocean Basin • Transparent and accountable to all members

  3. How does it function? • Is based on the joint operation of international networks of detection connected with national tsunami warning centres • UN governance provided under the IOC • Each nation is responsible for issuing warnings in their territory and protect its own population. • National centres must have strong links with emergency preparedness authorities (national, provincial and local)

  4. Where are we now? • A single system being planned • All countries of the Indian Ocean participate • Tsunami advisory information provided from centres in Hawaii and Tokyo. • National focal points designated in 14 nations • Governance of UN/IOC accepted in Paris • Full scope of the task recognized: multi-nation (27), multi-year (>3) • Beyond the emergency: transition to reconstruction and development phase. • Joint UN implementation: IOC,WMO,ISDR,UNDP

  5. Timeline 2005 Implementation Interim System IOC-WMO-ISDR Implementation full system 2005-2006 • Jan 25-26: China-ASEAN Beijing Workshop • Jan 28-29: Ministerial Meeting, Phuket, Thailand • Feb 16: EOS III/GEOSS, Brussels • Feb 22-24 Tokyo Seminar senior Officers Affected countries. • Feb 28-March 2: Workshop NHK and Asian Broadcasting Union • March 3-8: IOC 1st Regional Technical Coordination Meeting, Paris • March 6-19: JICA/ADRC training course, Tokyo • March 14-16: WMO GTS workshop, Jakarta, Indonesia • April 14-16: IOC 2nd Regional Coordination Meeting, Mauritius • June 21 IOC General Assembly, Paris: Formal establishment IOTWS

  6. 5. Example 1: DISASTER 2-Year Target Advocate expansion of seismic monitoring networks, plus expansion of the present network of ocean-bottom pressure sensors, and upgrade existing global networks (e.g. the GSN) so that all critical instruments relay data in real time, in support of better tsunami warning worldwide. Task 1 Facilitate immediately (6 months) upgrading of the existing Tsunami detection networks in Indian Ocean. Set of provided Tasksby IOC Task 2 Contribute to the design of the Tsunami early waning systems in Indian Ocean and expand to global coverage. Task 3 Contribute to the elaboration of preparedness plan/vulnerability maps using EO and GIS techniques.

  7. 5. Example 1: DISASTER

  8. Implementation • Fast-track, based on existing networks seismographic and sea-level. • CTBTO broadcasting data experimentally • Sea-level GLOSS network being upgraded • Communication channels being provided through existing operators (GTS of WMO) • Plans for full-fledged system to be completed: technical group been convened • Interim solution operating in October or before

  9. SEISMOGRAPHIC NETWORK

  10. Indian Ocean GLOSS WHITE CROSS retransmission to PTWC via GTS Select station from map for data display. There are 9 GLOSS sites with hourly real-time data, 11 additional sites with hourly fast delivery data, 10 sites with hourly data later than 1999, 2 sites with hourly data before 1999, 15 sites with monthly data later than 1999, and 8 sites with monthly data before 1999.

  11. 5. Example 1: DISASTER 2-Year Target Advocate expansion of seismic monitoring networks, plus expansion of the present network of ocean-bottom pressure sensors, and upgrade existing global networks (e.g. the GSN) so that all critical instruments relay data in real time, in support of better tsunami warning worldwide. Task 1 Facilitate immediately (6 months) upgrading of the existing Tsunami detection networks in Indian Ocean. Set of provided Tasksby IOC Task 2 Contribute to the design of the Tsunami early waning systems in Indian Ocean and expand to global coverage. Task 3 Contribute to the elaboration of preparedness plan/vulnerability maps using EO and GIS techniques.

  12. 5. Example 1: DISASTER

  13. Deep Sea P Sensor

  14. Deep-sea pressure sensors (Germany)

  15. Suggested global distribution of deep sea pressure sensors (to be defined)

  16. Suggested improvement of seismographic network in Indonesia (Germany)

  17. Suggested placement of new seismographic and deep sea pressure sensors (India)

  18. Suggested real-time sea level stations (India)

  19. Surface Currents (India)

  20. Beyond the immediate response: Planning the extension to Global Coverage: • Caribbean Region (IOCARIBE) • South West Pacific (Australia) • South-China Sea (WESTPAC/ASEAN) • Mediterranean: France, Spain Portugal Algeria • Strengthening of the Pacific System (USA, Senate Bill 50) • ITSU October 2005

  21. Beyond the immediate response: Multi-hazard platform • Storm – surges (IOC, WMO, JCOMM-) • Tropical storms (WMO, JCOMM) • Improving Storm and cyclones track forecasts (IOC, WMO, JCOMM) • Ice Hazard (IOC, WMO, JCOMM) • Donor Coordination: Financial pledges to project extending Tsunami coverage to the 27 nations of Indian Ocean Rim beyond 2005 and to a multi-hazard platform (TSU-REG-05/CSS10 – Region)

  22. GEO Members Support • Deep-sea pressure sensors technology (DART’s availability). • Facilitating free exchange of national data for the protection of life and property. • Communication channels for increased number of instrumental platforms (Geo-stationary Meteo Sats.) • Support for the establishment of an IOC Operational Centre for disaster management • Participation in planning exercise, new technologies: GPS; Scatter of Multi GPS, Crust deformation,new communication technologies.