2 3 year olds n.
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2-3 year olds

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2-3 year olds

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  1. Toddlers 2-3 year olds

  2. TODDLER DESCRIPTION • 1-3 years • Stubborn • Egocentric • No –Want (Vocabulary) • 1st Word learned/continues to improve • Terrible Twos • Explorer • Imitator • Temper Tantrums

  3. PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT • Slowed Growth • Rapid Mental & Emotional Development • Weight Gains 5-10 lbs yearly • Height Gains 3 inches yearly • Stands Alone • Body –prominent abdomen, forward curve • Waddles, Walks with wide stance • Body Systems are maturing

  4. PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT • Behavior – Negativism • Ritualism • Dawdling • Temper Tantrums • Separation Anxiety

  5. DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES • Period of Slow and Steady Development • No Sudden Growth • Social Contact Influences • Explores • Experiences • Independence

  6. LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT • 2 years – two words, noun-verb • Simple sentences • No • Read to Often • Answer Questions • Name Objects as they Play • Have Toddlers Use Language • Read Words, Show Pictures • Expressive Comprehensive Vocabulary • Imitating What They Hear • Difficult – Pronouns Correctly (I, me, him, her) • Bilingual – Both Languages

  7. EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT • Autonomy • Trust Others • Independence • Doubt • Shame • Consistent About Safety Rules • Obstinate, Difficult to Manage • Resistant to Being Cuddled • Enthusiastic About Interacting with People • Gender Differences • Parallel Play • Toys with Action • Check Toys – no loose parts, sharp edges • Manipulative, Household Activity, or Outdoor Toys

  8. COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT • Scientist • Problem Solving • Deferred Imitation • Preoperational Thought • Use of Assimilation Process

  9. TODDLER SAFETY • Immunizations 15, 18, 24 months • Toilet Training • Parent-Toddler Relationships • Accidents : motor vehicles, falls, aspiration, drowning, animal bites, poisoning, burns

  10. FEEDING • Eating Problems – messy, appetite varies • 15 months – finger feeding, self feed • 18 months – able to use spoon/cup, may throw them, spills less • 24 months – appetite fair, defines dislikes, accepts no help, still spills • 30 months – preferences less evident, holds spoon like adult, tilts head to get last drop from cup

  11. TIPS FOR FEEDING • Small Portions • Substitue for disliked food • Simply prepared food • Social atmosphere • Allow to use spoon and fork • Regular mealtimes – 20 minutes • Small nutritious snacks between meals • Desserts – do not use as reward

  12. DRESSING • Easy Buttons • Large Zippers, Velcro • May Put Clothes on Backwards

  13. SLEEP • 1 nap, 8 hours at night • Routines prior to sleeping • Feel secure

  14. BATH • Routine • Fun, but caution • Age 2, learn to brush teeth • Rinse with water

  15. TOLIET TRAINING • Potty Chair • Good Hygiene • Approval or No Comment • Appropriate Dressing • Positive Role Model • No Comment on Messiness • Do not flush Toilet while child sitting on it • Do not expect perfection