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Architectural Design

Architectural Design

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Architectural Design

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  1. Architectural Design Styles of Houses

  2. One-Story Ranch • Single story structure • Also called garden-level • Living areas and bedrooms on one level • Three bedrooms, kitchen, one-and-one-half baths, and living rooms • Roof line - low angle gable; hip style roof; flat roof 2

  3. One-and-One-Half-Story • Two levels • One - two bedrooms on main level - other bedrooms on 2nd level • High-pitched roof and dormers for half-story • Main rooms - kitchen, living, bath, and up to two bedrooms on 1st floor • 2nd living area and bedrooms on upper area 3

  4. Two-Story • Similar to one-and-one-half-story home • As much or more living space on 2nd level as on 1st level • May have living space on 2nd level over the garage • Used with small lots to get twice the size of space on the lot 4

  5. Split-Level • Similar to two-story • Typically one-story with occasional one-and-one-half to three levels • Living areas on two or more levels • Used 90% of the time due to contours of lot • First level (intermediate level) is usually kitchen, living and dining • 2nd level for living areas; and top levels for bedrooms and bath 5

  6. Variations of Split-Level • Side-by-side used with lots sloping from left to right • Front-to-back used with lots that are high in front and low in back • Back-to-front used with lots that are low in front and high in back 6

  7. Traffic Circulation 7

  8. Traffic Circulation 8

  9. Examples of Good Traffic Circulation • Garage close to kitchen • Bedrooms and bathrooms close together • Family areas close to a guest bathroom • Closets near front door • Traffic flow not through conversation or work areas • Traffic flow efficiently from level to level • Stairs off central hallway and near main entry • Stairs not accessed through another room 9