Fauvism to Cubism Chapter 21, Part 1 of 2 Rebekah Scoggins Art Appreciation March 26, 2013
Fauvism • Introduced in Paris • Characterized by areas of bright, contrasting color and simplified shape and composition • Stunned critic called them “Les fauves,” which is French for “The Wild Beasts” • Officially separate from the French Academy and the official Salon • Went even further with color than van Gogh and Gauguin had before, using it both for expressive and structural ends
Henri Matisse, The Joy of Life (Le bonheur de vivre), 1905-1906. Fauvism.
Shared the expressive goals of the Fauves. • Desire to display emotions very pronounced • Developed imagery characterized by vivid, often angular simplification of their subjects, dramatic colors contrasts, with bold, at times crude finish. • Built on van Gogh and Gauguin (like Fauves) and Munch. • Used the power of Expressionism to address the human condition, often exploring such themes as natural life, sorrow, passion, spirituality, and mysticism. German Expressionism
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner. Street, Berlin. 1913. German Expressionism: The Bridge. The Bridge appealed to artists to revolt against academic painting and establish a new, vigorous aesthetic that would form a bridge between the Germanic past and modern experience.
Wassily Kandinsky. Blue Mountain. 1908–1909. German Expressionism: The Blue Rider The Blue Rider wanted to develop an art that would turn people away from false values toward spiritual rejuvenation. Thought that paintings should be “exact replicas of some inner emotion.” Kandinsky hoped to create art only in response to what he called “inner necessity” or the emotional stirrings of the soul, rather than in response to what he saw in the world.
Wassily Kandinsky. Composition IV. 1911. German Expressionism: The Blue Rider
Pablo Picasso. Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (The Young Girls of Avignon). Paris. June-July 1907. Cubism.
Pablo Picasso. Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (The Young Girls of Avignon). Paris. June-July 1907. Cubism.African Masks.
Paul Cézanne. Mont Sainte-Victoire. 1902–1904. Post-Impressionism. Georges Braque. Houses at l’Estaque. 1908. Cubism.
Georges Braque. The Portuguese. 1911. Analytical Cubism. Analytical Cubism involved talking apart, or breaking down, the subject into its various aspects.
Pablo Picasso. Violin, Fruit, and Wineglass. 1913. Synthetic Cubism. Synthetic Cubism was a process of building up or combining bits and pieces of material.