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7 Basic Principles of the Constitution

7 Basic Principles of the Constitution

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7 Basic Principles of the Constitution

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  1. 7 Basic Principles of the Constitution

  2. 1. Popular Sovereignty • All Power is held by the People • The power to govern is given through the Constitution (Social Contract) • Amendments protecting sovereignty: • 15th – African Americans • 17th – Senators elected directly • 19th – Women • 24th – Outlawed poll tax • 26th – Voting age lowered to 18

  3. 2. Federalism • Some powers are delegated to the national gov’t and some are reserved for the states • States have their own laws, courts, constitutions, and elected officials

  4. 3. Republicanism • Citizens vote for what or whom they think will be best for the public good. • REPRESENTATIVE government.

  5. 4. Separation of Powers • Legislative Branch – make the laws • Represents a district or state • Serves 2 or 6 years • Executive Branch – enforces the laws • Represents the whole country • Serves 4 years • Judicial Branch – interprets the laws • Represents the Constitution • Serves for life

  6. 5. Checks and Balances • Each branch is checked by the other branches • Ensures one branch does not have all the power

  7. 6. Limited Government • Government can only do what the people give it the power to do • Constitutionalism - Those who govern must also obey the law; also called rule of law

  8. 7. Individual Rights • Basic rights and liberties, traced back to the Declaration • Found in the Bill of Rights

  9. Current Examples: • Popular Sovereignty: • Federalism: • Republicanism: • Separation of Power: • Checks & Balances: • Limited Gov’t: • Individual Rights:

  10. 1st period

  11. 3rd period

  12. 4th period

  13. 5th period

  14. 5. Judicial Review • Power of the court to determine the constitutionality of a government • Supremacy Clause – US Constitution is the supreme law of the land