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A 90 Minute Intro to Qualitative Research

A 90 Minute Intro to Qualitative Research

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A 90 Minute Intro to Qualitative Research

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  1. A 90 Minute Intro to Qualitative Research Nancy Chism Rigorous Research in Engineering Education, 2006

  2. Five Segments • No control group?: A different way of thinking about research • Collecting Qual data: You think you know how, don’t you? • Analyzing Qual data: An engineer’s worst nightmare • How can I—or anybody else—trust this stuff? • Help: Wails from the field

  3. 1. A Different Way of Thinking about Research • The “Paradigm Wars” in Education • Term from Kuhn’s Structure of Scientific Revolutions • Still in a period of “non-normal science?” • Defining reality (ontology) and the nature of knowing (epistemology) • Contrasting approaches (see handout chart)—Vocabulary Soup

  4. Design Implications • Natural Setting • Emergent Design • Exploratory Approach • Purposeful Sampling • Researcher as Instrument • Small “N” • Context Sensitivity

  5. Inquiry Approaches* • Case Study • Ethnography • Phenomenology • Biography • Critical study • Postmodern study • Blends * (examples on handout slides and text)

  6. 2. Qualitative Data Collection • Main methods: • Interviewing • Observation • Document/artifact collection • Normal activities at a more systematic and skilled level (see handouts)

  7. 3. Qualitative Data Analysis • Multiple approaches • Logical categories and themes and relationships between them • Constant Comparative Method (Glaser and Strauss) • Grounded theory • Use of specialized software (NVivo, etc.)

  8. 4. Trustworthiness • Back to the paradigm differences • Parallel terms (Guba chart) • Other criteria, such as: • Reciprocity • Authenticity • The role of ethics

  9. 5. Help! • Print sources (handout) • Colleagues in the social sciences • Recent doctoral graduates • Professional associations (AERA, ASHE)