Fleet & Family Support Ombudsman Program & Operations Security Naval OPSEC Support Team (NOST) Naval Information Operations Command (NIOC) www.facebook.com/NavalOPSEC www.twitter.com/NavalOPSEC www.slideshare.net/navalOPSEC
Operations Security Operations Security, OPSEC, is a process that identifies unclassified critical information (CI), outlines potential threats and the risks associated and develops counter measures to safeguard critical information. OSPEC protects our operations- planned, in progress, and future. Success of these operations depends on secrecy. Military members can more safely carry out missions if the element of surprise and secrecy is preserved. As family members of active duty members you have a unique responsibility to practice good OPSEC measures, and protect not only mission critical information, but your personal and family critical information as well.
Operations Security The OPSEC process teaches you to: • Look at your daily activities from the enemies’ point of view. • Understand what an enemy might learn about you and your family from the information and details that you make available. • Assess the level of risk that this places on you and your family. • Develop and apply counter measures, which help to prevent the enemy from obtaining your critical information and using it against you.
OPSEC Best Practices • Be aware of your surroundings • Be aware of the information that you are putting out in emails, online, phone conversations, photos and open unsecure conversations in public. • Safeguard all sensitive, unclassified information. • Think like the wolf. How can this information be used against me? • Don’t discuss details • Time lines, detailed locations or movements • Limitations/capabilities • Specific names, ranks, job titles, budgets • Future or current operations • Security procedures • Don’t spread rumors
OPSEC Terms & Concepts • Critical Information (CI) • Data Aggregation • Threat • Indicators • Vulnerability • Risk • Counter Measures
Critical Information • Information the adversary needs to prevent our success. • Information wemust protect to ensure success. • Position • Capabilities • Operations • Personnel • Family
Family Critical Information Information to safe guard • Names and photos of you, your children and co-workers • Usernames, passwords, network details • Job title, location, salary, clearances held • Physical security and logistics • Addresses, phone numbers, significant dates • Mission capabilities and limitations • Length and location of spouses deployment • Status of equipment and personnel • Schedules and travel itineraries • Social security number, credit cards, banking information • Hobbies, likes, dislikes, etc.
Data Aggregation • Data/information collection from multiple sources • Open source intelligence collection is a huge source of collection • Internet • Trash • Media • Open and legal public sources accounts for about 80% of all information collected • There are many different legal and illegal collection methods • Small details pieced together for a big picture
Threat • Threat: The capability of an adversary coupled with their intention to undertake any actions detrimental to the success of program activities, operations or individuals. • Conventional Threats • Military opponents • Foreign adversaries/countries • Unconventional Threats • Organized crime • Foreign terrorists • Home grown terrorism • Insiders (espionage) • Hackers, phishing scams • Thieves, stalkers, pedophiles
OPSEC Terrorist Threat What are they looking for? • Names/photographs of important people • Present and future operations & capabilities • Information about military facilities: • - Location & Units • - Weapons used • - Exterior size and shape • - Number of sailors & officers • - Ammunition depot locations • - Leave policies • - Dates & times of operations • Family details • Marital status • - Children & extended family members • - Location of work, school, home etc • Details details details……
Indicators • Friendly detectable actions that reveal critical information & vulnerabilities: • Longer working hours • Flight plans, schedules, itineraries • Rehearsals • Sudden changes in procedures • Purchases/on-load’s • Blog’s/posts • Routine predictable procedures • Large troop movements • Emblems, logo’s, distinctive markings
Vulnerability • Weakness the adversary can exploit to get critical information • Vulnerabilities make you susceptible to intelligence/data collection. • Poor security and sharing too much information are common, easily exploited vulnerabilities. • Blogs, posts, emails, phone calls and conversations in restaurants, airports and other public places expose important information to potential adversaries and are a very common vulnerability.
Common Vulnerabilities • Lack of Awareness • Data aggregation • Unsecure communications • Social engineering • Trash • Technology • Internet/social networking • Blogs • Predictable actions & patterns
Lack of AwarenessFrequently Asked Questions But it’s secure! Right? • How much is too much? Details are dangerous. The less information you provide the safer you are. As a rule only discuss events well after they have occurred. When in doubt don’t say anything at all. WRONG! Address the issue with the person- ask them to remove the information and tell them why its important to think OPSEC. If issues persist contact the command CMC for further clarification and resolution. What do I do if a family member is violating OPSEC procedures?
Unsecure Communications • Unencrypted, unsecure communications are a common vulnerability • Cell phones • Cordless phones • Blue tooth • Email • Open/over heard conversations • Blogs & chat sites • Internet postings Not Secure Not Secure Not Secure Not Secure Not Secure Not Secure Not Secure
Trash Mind your trash- what details are being thrown away? • Rosters • Training details & schedules • Itineraries & mail • Phone trees • Rank/position details • What happens to the trash/recycling? • Who owns/has access
InternetSocial Networking Sites • Limit the amount of personal and sensitive information you make available on: • Social Networking Sites • Dating sites • Web browsing • Email • Blogs • Chat/IM • Data aggregation & data mining • Collecting & selling your information • Friend vs. Foe • Account spoofing & identity theft • Phishing scams
InternetBlogs • Blogs are very detail oriented. The more specific the information the higher value it has to adversaries. • Limit the amount of personal information posted and blogged. • Lessons learned 101 for the adversary • What information can an adversary learn based solely on details in photos?
Risk The probability an adversary will gain knowledge of your critical information (CI) and the impact if the adversary is successful. If I put this information out there, what could possibly go wrong?
Risk Risk scenario: You are proud of your military family. So you prominently display personal information about them on the back of your car for everyone to see. What is the possible risk associated with displaying these indicators??
Countermeasures • Anything that effectively negates or reduces an adversary's ability to exploit vulnerabilities or collect & process critical information - Hide/control indicators - Protect personal information - Change routines & routes - Differ times you do activities • Counter measures are intended to influence or manipulate an adversaries perception - Take no action - React too late - Take the wrong action
Don’t Be A Victim Knowledge is power …. for both you and the adversary. • Be aware of the threat that exists against you as an American citizen, and as a military family member. • Be suspicious of unsolicited phone calls, online requests, or emails. • Be suspicious when information about you and your family is requested. • Always ask yourself, do they have the “need to know”? • Share the OPSEC message with friends and extended family members.
Questions Questions? Please contact YOUR OMBUDSMEN: Lena G. Bunnenberg Work: (216) 902-6164 Cell: (216) 315-4215 Debbie Lowry Work: (216) 902-6284 Cell: (440) 785-6237 Provided by: Naval OPSEC Support Team (NOST)