First thing’s first: PLAGIARISM THE DOS, DON’TS AND CONSEQUENCES
I. WHAT IS PLAGIARISM? According to Merriam Webster dictionary, the simplest definition of plagiarism is: “To use the words or ideas of another person as if they were your own words or ideas.” www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/plagiarize
I. WHAT IS PLAGIARISM? Many of you think that plagiarism is simply copying and pasting someone else’s work. Wrong. It’s much more than that. There are actually FIVE major types of plagiarism. Even though you may not think you are plagiarizing, you might be. It’s important to understand all types of plagiarism to avoid earning a bad grade, or in the adult world, something much more serious!
I. WHAT IS PLAGIARISMUnintentional Plagiarism • Paraphrasing poorly: changing a few words without changing the sentence structure of the original, or changing the sentence structure but not the words. • Quoting poorly: putting quotation marks around part of a quotation but not around all of it, or putting quotation marks around a passage that is partly paraphrased and partly quoted. • Citing poorly: omitting an occasional citation or citing inaccurately. MLA handbook for writers of research papers. (7th ed.). The Modern Language Association of America. New York: 2009. Print.
I. WHAT IS PLAGIARISM?Intentional Plagiarism • Passing off as one’s own pre-written papers from the Internet or other sources. • Copying an essay or article from the Internet, on-line source, or electronic database without quoting or giving credit. • Cutting and pasting from more than one source to create a paper without quoting or giving credit. • Borrowing words or ideas from other students or sources without giving credit. MLA handbook for writers of research papers. (7th ed.). The Modern Language Association of America. New York: 2009. Print.
II. TYPES OF PLAGIARISM 1. Copy & Paste Plagiarism If you take a sentence or phrase, word for word, from a source, you have to quote it and cite your source. Wrong: Plagiarism is the reproduction of someone else’s words, ideas or findings and presenting them as one’s own without proper acknowledgement. Correct: Plagiarism is the “reproduction of someone else’s words, ideas or findings and presenting them as one’s own without proper acknowledgement” (Undergraduate Course Handbook24). *We’ll go over citations later
II. TYPES OF PLAGIARISM 2. Word Switch Plagiarism Taking a sentence from a source and changing a few words around. Wrong: Putting the beginning as the end, the end as the beginning, etc. Correct: Paraphrase (put it into your own words) or quote it then cite it.
II. TYPES OF PLAGIARISM 3. Style Plagiarism “When you follow an article sentence-by-sentence or paragraph-by-paragraph.” Wrong: Even if your sentences aren’t anything like your source’s, if they are in the author’s reasoning style, it is plagiarism. Correct: Use your source as a guide to teach you something, not as a guide to write your paper. Even though it’s informative, I still need to see YOU in your essays.
II. TYPES OF PLAGIARISM 4. Ideas Plagiarism Presenting someone else’s ideas as your own without properly citing them. Wrong: Even if you paraphrase, if it’s not YOUR idea, you cannot pass it off as your own (no citation). Correct: Paraphrase the idea then cite it at the end of the sentence/idea. Know the difference between the author’s ideas and your ideas.
III. CITATIONS Citation: the quoting of a book or author in support of a fact (Dictionary.com)<<<<YES, you should even cite the dictionary!!! If you write anything and use any type of source besides what is common knowledge to you, you must cite it. Examples: Books Definitions Articles Interviews Videos Websites There are two ways we cite in this class: In-text citations (also known as parenthetical citation, used within your essay) Bibliographic citation (a list of works use in a bibliography or works cited page)
III. CITATIONS It’s SO easy, a 6th grader can do it. No, really. 6th graders are learning this stuff… In-text citations/parenthetical citations: after a paraphrased sentence/idea or a quotation, you MUST put an in-text citation. Most of the time it consists of two items put in parentheses: The author’s last name and the page number. Example: Romantic poetry is characterized by the “spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” (Wordsworth 263).
III. CITATIONS In a perfect world there will always be an author and a page number. However, we do not live in a perfect world. Some sources, such as websites, don’t always give us this information. So there are substitutions to be made: If there is no author, give the title of the work instead. Example: We see so many global warming hotspots in North America likely because this region has “more readily accessible climatic data” (“Impact of Global Warming” 6). If it is a web source, you do not need to give a page or paragraph number. Just give the author’s name or the title of the article or the title of the website.
III. CITATIONS Bibliographic Citation: at the end of your essay or research paper you must give a list of all sources used throughout the paper (bibliography). *title this page Works Cited *list sources in alphabetical order *do not number sources *use a hanging indent if it goes longer than one line The formulas for each type of source will be on your bibliographic bible that I give you. DON’T LOSE IT!
IV. CONSEQUENCES “Why so serious?” you may ask…Let me explain. Firstly (and my personal favorite): IT’S AGAINST THE LAW! “The legal repercussions of plagiarism can be quite serious. An author has the right to sue a plagiarist. Some plagiarism may also be deemed a criminal offense, possibly leading to a prison sentence” (iThenticate 6 Consequences of Plagiarism). FYI: this is not only in cases of writing. This can be the case in music beats (Vanilla Ice vs. Queen & David Bowie; Pharrell and Robin Thicke vs. Marvin Gaye; Sam Smith vs. Tom Petty; Coldplay vs. Joe Satriani ) or even in political speeches.
IV. CONSEQUENCES *Now that you understand what plagiarism is, there is NO reason for you to plagiarize in this class (or ever!) *IF YOU CHOOSE TO PLAGIARIZE IN THIS CLASS, YOU WILL RECEIVE A ZERO ON THE ASSIGNMENT (NO MATTER HOW LARGE). *IF YOU CHOOSE TO PLAGIARIZE A SECOND TIME IN THIS CLASS, YOU WILL RECEIVE A ZERO FOR THAT ENTIRE GRADING PERIOD. You have been warned….
V. GROUP ASSIGNMENT *In groups of three, you will discuss one of the types of plagiarism discussed. Together, you will come up with an example of how someone might plagiarize this way and an example of how to avoid plagiarism. *You may use any book or article in the classroom *You will present your examples to the class *Yes, this is for a grade =)