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On the Evolving IP-Based Systems and Service Management

On the Evolving IP-Based Systems and Service Management

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On the Evolving IP-Based Systems and Service Management

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  1. On the Evolving IP-Based Systems and Service Management December 12, 2000 Jong-Tae Park School of Electronic and Electrical Engineering Kyungpook National University, KOREA Tel: +82-53-950-5543 Fax: +82-53-950-5505 E-mail:

  2. Outline • Communication,Network and Service Evolution   • Network and Service Management Driving Force • Evolution of Management Technologies • Comparison of Management Technologies   • Management and Control: Integration? • IP QoS Management • Internet Application Service Management • Challenges in IP-Based Cyber Space Management • Conclusion

  3. Communication, Network and Service Evolution SMART Welcome to SMART PDA  Broadband Access/Backbone Network Broadband Wireless Network Broadband Wireline Network IMT-2000 (144K/384K/2Mbps) Next generation wireless network (hundreds Mbps) ATM (hundreds Mbps) DWDM (thousands Gbps)  IP-based Information Infrastructure  Wireless Internet  IP over SONET, IP over DWDM  Internet2, NGI  IPv6, Intserv/RSVP, Diffserv, MPLS  IP-based Application Services (IP-based Cyber Space)  Wireless Internet Application  VoIP, E-Commerce, Application Hosting

  4. Internet and Mobile Telephone Users Internet Users Wireless Internet Users Mobile Telephone Users Users (Millions) Users (Millions) Year Year Source : IDC Source :ARC

  5. Service Evolution:Emergence of IP-based Global Cyber Space • Application Outsourcing • Oracle/BOL, MS, Sun-Netscape, Citrix, InteQ, etc. • ASP, EC hosting, Web Hosting • Pervasive Computing • IMT-2000 Virtual Home Environment • E-commerce • ATG/Dynamo, BEA/WebLogic, Sun-Netscape/iPlanet, Blue Martini, etc. • Cyber University • Cyber Anything • Hospital, Bank, etc.

  6. Network and Service Management Driving Force How can we manage new IP-basedspace ? OLD Telephone Propeller NEW IP Infrastructure JET

  7. Evolution of Network & Service Management Paradigm Business Process SLA/SLM Enterprise Application System Traffic Network Tech

  8. Evolution of Management Technologies 1980 1990 2000 Management BM SM Mixture or Integrated CIM DMI WBEM JMX NM TMN/CMIP SNMP Proprietary EM Just One Distributed Computing Technology Web Java ActiveX XML WAP WML Client/ Server CORBA DCOM DEN LDAP COPS PBNM ?

  9. Comparison of Management Technologies Information Model Protocol Func./Service Org. Year SNMP GET, SET, TRAP ... Internet Management IETF 1998 (ver. 3) SMI CMIP GDMO M-GET, M-SET, M-ACTION, M-CREATE ... Telecomm. Management ISO/ITU 1991 (X.710) COPS SoIP (  SMIv2) REQ, DEC, RPT, DRQ, SSQ.. (TCP) Policy Information Exchange IETF 1999. 7 (Draft 07) WBEM CIM COM/DCOM, SNMP,DMI,Win32 WQL, MMC, WSH, Active Directory DMTF 1998 JMX MBean Java API SNMP, LDAP, TMN, CIM interface Mgmt. API Java Community Process 1999. 8 (Draft 2.0) LDAP X.500 Search, Add, Delete, Modify Directory IETF 1997 (ver. 3) XMP XOM SNMP, CMIS Interface Integrated mgmt. API Open Group 1996 DMI MIF RPC Desktop Management DMTF 1998. 6 (ver. 2.0s) PBNM DEN COPS/LDAP Policy Based Management DMTF 1999

  10. Management and Control : Integration? SNMP (TCP/IP, OSI) TMN/CMIP (OSI) WBEM, JMX, DMI (TCP/IP) TINA (Control + Management) IN SS#7 Security (IPSec, TLS, SSL, etc) Management (FCAPS) Naming/Directory(X.500/DAP, HLR, VLR) DEN/LDAP (CIM+X.500+Net. Ext.) RSVP Information Model (GDMO, SMI, MIB, PIB, MIF, CIM/XML, DEN, WML, Private) COPS Distributed Processing/Integration (CORBA, DCOM) Mobile IP Control (Admission/Connection/Mobility/QoS)

  11. IP-BasedService Management

  12. What is Service Management ? • Service • Means almost anything, depending on who is using the words • Telco world : communication services ? • Internet world : information services ? • Service Management • Refers to the set of processes and activities necessary to deliver communication or information services to customers and operate them in a way that meets quality and cost objectives • Service creation • Order handling • Customer administration • Marketing • Problem handling • Billing, and so on • The key goals are to improve customer service, reduce cost, and shorten time to market.

  13. Customer Focus • Service quality is “number one” buying criterion for customers buying data network services • As network applications consolidate onto managed high speed services, customer risk increases and greater service level assurance become more important • Customers don’t want refunds ia service level agreements, they want quality assurance • Customers don’t trust Service Providers • The birth of SLA as a contract between customer and service provider

  14. Service Management Requirements End-User Requirements Service Provider Requirements Clear and Concise Information • Technology Independent • Predictable • Measurable • Accurate • Easy to understand • Applicable • Technologically Feasible Solution • Highly Scalable • Secure • Manageable • Extensible • Marketable • ROI(Return OnInvest) Type of Information Required • Availability • Utilization • Loss • Latency • MTTR(Mean Time To Repair) • MTBF(Mean Time Between Failures)

  15. Service Management Challenges • Networks are multi-vendor environments made up of different types of equipment with different types of statistics • True end-to-end statistics are difficult to measure and correlate • Statistics collection systems are designed for service providers requirements and not for the end-user • Service Management technologies are now new and complicated to deploy

  16. IP QoS Management • QoS Framework • Integrated Services (Intserv) and RSVP • Distinction of end to end application level traffic flow • Differentiated Services (Diffserv) • Distinction of aggregated traffic flow in the core network • IntServ/RSVP and Diffserv Complement • IntServ/RSVP at edges • Diffserv in network • Multi-Protocol Label Switching(MPLS) • Using a label-based forwarding paradigm in conjunction with layer-3 routing • Subnet Bandwidth Management (SBM) • QoS Management Mechanisms • Policies (PBNM) • Admission Control • Packet Classification/Marking • Scheduling/Queuing • Congestion Control • Signaling Protocols

  17. End-to-end IP QoS Provision and Management PBNM is a solution? Customer B Customer A SLA contract/management Service Providers Mark with Diff-Serv ? Engineer with MPLS ? CPE EDGE CORE EDGE CPE RSVP-enabled Qos RSVP-enabled Qos Diffserv “Signaled” QoS

  18. Internet Application Service Management • No Standards for Internet Application Service Management • Just application service specific management solution at present (application provision solution + management solution (API, log)) • General solution in future ??? • Management Requirements • Web management • Service specific management • SLA/QoS management • Server/clustering/session management & load balancing • Security management • Billing, account management • Contents management • Transaction management • CRM(Customer Relationship Mgmt.)/eCRM • ERP(Enterprise Resource Planning) • Client/server application management (FCAPS) • Data storage management EC Management ASP Management

  19. E-Business/E-Commerce Management • E-Business needs automated management • CRM (Customer Relationship Management) • ASP Management • Transaction Management • Security Management • Required Capabilities • Event Monitoring and Management • Availability Management • Reporting and Analysis • User Experience • Site Integrity • Business System Realm

  20. Challenges in IP-Based Cyber Space Management • How to cope with the technological evolution cycle? • How to provide end-to-end QoS management across global heterogeneous space? • How to provide billing and accounting? • How to provide fast service delivery? • How to manage and control various Internet application services (VoIP, EC, ASP, Internet Broadcasting, etc.)? • How to integrate and implement? • Information Model • Functionality/Performance • Extensibility/Scalability • Reliability • Granularity • Interoperability/Integration

  21. Merging the Voice and Data Worlds Next Generation Network Voice World Data World • Circuit switching • TDM transport • High reliability & security • Limited programmability • Time sensitive billing • Slow service set-up • Dumb phones • Telephony services • Sing infrastructure • Packet switching • Intelligence throughout • High reliability, security & controlled QoS • Innovative business to business applications • High value service bundles • Instant self-provisioning • Smart appliances • Packet switching • Intelligence at edge • Lower reliability & security • Innovation in PC and enterprise applications • Flat rate or bandwidth pricing • Hard to achieve equality • Smart PCs

  22. Drivers for a New Management, Control, and Signaling Infrastructure Support for Advanced Services Signaling Network Evolution Evolution of Intelligence in the Network Support for Middleware Services New Control, Management, And Signaling Infrastructure Regulatory Issues Operations Evolution Globalization Convergence of Telephony and Computing Worlds Routing, Switching, & Transport Evolution (e.g., IP, ATM, etc.) Intranets, Extranets, and Internet

  23. Conclusion • Next generation management technologies should effectively manage the legacy services as well as new IT services • Integration of Control and Management • Web, CORBA, DEN, SNMP, CMIP, RSVP,IN, etc. • QoS/SLA Management • Management Architecture + Protocol Extension • New Internet Application Service Management • E/M-Commerce management • Replaceability, Scalability, Billing and Customer Care • Security, Transaction, Contents, CRM/eCRM, ERP, etc. • Challenges in IP-based Cyber Space Management IP-based Cyber Space Service Delivery Implementation Integration Evolution of Mgmt. Tech.