Counter-Terrorism Radical Islamic Terrorist “There is a difference” • This Counter-Terrorism Curriculum is the intellectual property of ICJS (SBLE 2009)
WHY I need to know about Islam and Radical Islam? Why do I as a law enforcement and/or security officer need to know about Islam? Why do I need to know who is a moderate Muslim and who is a radical Muslim. There is a big difference (NOT ALL Muslims are Radicals)
WHY I need to know about Islam and Radical Islam? • Why do I need to know what the radicals commitment level is? • Why do I need to know the radical capabilities?
Why do I need to know about Islam and radical Islam? - Continued Why do I need to know who the terrorist are, this is Texas not Iraq or Afghanistan? Why do I need to know about their training and/or modis operandi ? Why do I need to know their religion? THIS IS NOT MY JOB!
Learning Objectives Have a basic knowledge about Islam and Muslims around the world and focus on how to deal with American Muslims. Know the difference between moderate Muslims and radical Muslims.
Learning Objectives • Know how the radicals think and why they think the way they think. A historical background.
Quick Facts about Islam • "Islam" means "peace through the submission to God". • "Muslim" means "anyone or anything that submits itself to the will of God".
Quick Facts about Islam • Islam is not a cult. Its followers number over 1.2 billion worldwide: CAIR (Council on American-Islamic relations) . • Along with Judaism and Christianity, it is considered to be one of the three Abrahamic traditions.
Quick Facts about Islam • Islam is a complete way of life that governs all facets of life: moral, spiritual, social, political, economical, intellectual, etc.
Quick Facts about Islam • All Muslimsare notArab. • Islam is a universal religion and way of life which includes followers from all races of people. • There are Muslims in and from virtually every country in the world.
Quick Facts about Islam • Arabs only constitute about 20% of Muslims worldwide. • Indonesia has the largest concentration of Muslims with over 120 million.
Secular or Ordinary Muslims (Majority) Liberal Muslims. Four Categories of Muslims
Four Categories of Muslims • Orthodox or Traditional (not Radicals) – They call for Islam using wisdom. • Fundamentalist Orthodox (Radicals). They believe in the use of force.
The Middle East: Arabs and Muslims • The term Middle East is a western term. People from that part of the world do not refer to themselves as Middle Easterners. They are either Arabs or Muslims. • Most Arabs are Muslims but not all Muslims are Arabs.
The Middle East: Arabs and Muslims • Iran, Turkey, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Malaysia and Indonesia are Islamic countries and NOTArabs. • The Arab countries are 22 countries speaking different dialects.
The Middle East: Arabs and Muslims • Arabic is used by Non Arabs as the language of the Quran Islam’s holly book.
I am a Muslim Muslims can be: Leaders, singers, poets, prime ministers, Queens, and news anchors:
We are the Majority • We are looking at 99.99% of Muslims to be Moderate, liberal and non violent traditionalists. • This leaves a small percent of what is called Radical Muslims. • They are the minority hijacking the rights of the majority.
Facts about Radical Muslims • They believe in implementing the laws of God as stated in the Quran and the Sunnah (the path of the Prophet of Islam) and the Shar’a Law as explained in the Quran. • They strive to revive the Islamic Caliphate.
Facts about Radical Muslims • They Believe that the current regimes are corrupt and should be changed and replaced by a Caliph who will rule the Islamic world Fairly. • They believe in using force to do the regime change.
Islamic Definitions • Caliphate: is the political leadership of the Muslim ummah in classical and medieval Islamic history and juristic theory. • Head of state's position (Caliph) is based on the notion of a successor to the Islamic prophet Muhammad's political authority.
Islamic Definitions • A Caliph must rule according to God’s laws and rules and by human laws and rules. • The Qur’an is a record of the exact words revealed by God through the Angel Gabriel to the Prophet of Islam.
Islamic Definitions The Holy Qur'an was not authored by the prophet of Islam. It was authored by God, revealed to the prophet of Islam, and written into physical form by his companions. The Qur’an has 114 chapters called “suras” and they vary in length.
Islamic Definitions Mohammed: Is the prophet of Islam. The Hadith: are the oral traditions relating to the words and deeds of Islam’s prophet Muhammad.
Islamic Definitions • The Hadith has come to supplement the Holy Quran as a source of the Islamic religious law. • The Hadith is the second pillar after the Quran upon which every Muslim rests his faith.
Islamic Definitions • Sunnah: literally means “trodden path” • Sunnah of the prophet means “the way and the manners of the prophet”.
Islamic Definitions • Sunna’ in Sunni Islam means those religious achievements that were instituted by the Islamic prophet Muhammad • during the 23 years of his prophet hood • which Muslims initially obtained through consensus of companions of prophet Mohammad • further through generation-to-generation transmission.
Islamic Definitions Sharia Islamic Law: The term means "way" or "path to the water source"; it is the legal framework within which the public and private aspects of life are regulated for those living in a legal system based on Islamic principles of jurisprudencethat began with the life of the Prophet Muhammad. Viewed as a direct command from the Quran
Islamic Definitions Fatwa: legal opinion or decree handed down by an Islamic religious leader or the Ulema. Ulema: The body of religious scholars.
Islamic Definitions • Not any Muslim is allowed or capable of making a fatwa. • Radicals are not scholars of the Islamic nation and therefore have no right to issue any Fatwas.
Islamic Definitions • Ummah: community of believers or the whole Muslim world. • Jihad: an Islamic term, is a religious duty of Muslims to defend Islamic nations. • In Arabic, the word jihad is a noun meaning "the struggle”
Islamic Definitions • The declaration of Jihad has to be issued by the capable Muslim scholars and with the approval of the Muslim Caliph. • A person who is carrying jihad is a called a Mujahid and the plural is Mujahideen.
Who sympathizes with the Radicalsin the Islamic world No one Except: • Poor people. • Politically Oppressed Arabs and Muslims. (by their own regimes) • Those who are angry and or disagree with the United States foreign policy in the region.
Terrorism not Jihad • Terrorism, unjustified violence and the killing of innocent people are absolutely forbidden in Islam. • Islam is a way of life that is meant to bring peace to a society, whether its people are Muslims or not. • The extreme actions of those who claim to be Muslim may be, among other things, a result of their ignorance or uncontrolled anger.
Terrorism not Jihad • These people are individuals with their own views and political agendas. • Fanatical Muslims are no more representative of the true Islamic teachings than Timothy McVeigh or David Koresh are of Christianity. • Extremism and fanaticism is a problem that is common to all religious groups.
The Enemy • Anyone carries any act of terrorism must be labeled as an enemy of Humanity regardless of their religious background. • As law enforcement officers we must understand how this enemy thinks and how and when to act to stop any terror acts against civilians.
The Enemy • Labeling everyone as an Enemy is wrong. • We all have one enemy and that is Terrorists against humanity
SUN TZU - “The Art of War” If you know your enemy and know yourself, you need not fear the results of a 100 battles. If you know yourself but not the enemy, for every victory gained you will also suffer a defeat. If you know neither the enemy nor yourself, you will succumb in every battle.
Remember • The Islamic radical movement started and was aimed at changing the regimes in the Islamic world. • The main figures of this movement were Egyptians fighting the Egyptian regime.
Remember • It was not part of their initial strategy to fight or carry out terrorist acts against the west. • This leads us to the fact that they have an agenda and they are not representative of all Muslims.
Key writers and philosophers of the Radical Movement The Founders The Prisoners The Aristocrats
The Founders • Were Muslim scholars mainly Egyptians scholars who were unhappy with their regime. • Had superb organizational skills and were deeply inspired writers. • Call for Jihad against these regimes was clear but sophisticated.
The Founders “The Great Awakening” Hasan al-Banna Sayyid Abdul ala Mawdudi Sayyid Qutub.
The Prisoners • Arrestednot executed • confined to prison for their attacks against the government. • In prison they wrote manuscripts in the 1980’s defending their Jihad against Egyptian authority. • From torture and mistreatment they became hardened radicals.
The Prisoners Abod Zoummar Karam Zohdy Assim Abdul Maghed
The Aristocrats • Two of the most prominent in radical Islam today. • Unlike their predecessors they were men of privilege and means. • They defeated the Soviets in Afghanistan.
The Aristocrats Osama bin Laden Dr. Ayman al-Zawahiri
Osama bin Laden • born March 10, 1957 • member of the prominent Saudi bin Laden family • founder of the jihadist organization Al-Qaeda.