Glencoe Text Page 162 The Main Idea
Glencoe Text Page 162 Laws Against Discrimination in Hiring
Glencoe Text Page 163 Child Labor Laws
Child Labor History • Forms of child labor, including indentured servitude and child slavery • American children worked in large numbers in mines, glass factories, textiles, agriculture, canneries, home industries, and as newsboys, messengers, bootblacks, and peddlers. • Child labor abuses were first condemned by union. • 1836 – Massachusetts enacted the first child labor law. • More
Glencoe Text Page 163 Wrongful Termination
Wrongful Termination – Right to Work States • A Right to Work law guarantees that no person can be compelled, as a condition of employment, to join or not to join, nor to pay dues to a labor union. Section 14(b) of the Taft-Hartley Act affirms the right of states to enact Right to Work laws. • Right to work states map
Wrongful Termination – At Will Employment • At-will employment is a term used in U.S. labor law for contractual relationships in which an employee can be dismissed by an employer for any reason (that is, without having to establish "just cause" for termination), and without warning (wikipedia) • If you are employed at will, your employer does not need good cause to fire you. In every state but Montana (which protects employees who have completed an initial "probationary period" from being fired without cause), employers are free to adopt at-will employment policies, and many of them have (nolo).
Glencoe Text Page 164 Sexual Harassment
Sexual Harassment Training Requirements • Not required under federal law, but many states require employers to offer sexual harassment training. • Pennsylvania requires all Commonwealth employees to be educated in sexual harassment.. • Training and education can be done via orientation sessions, videos, formal training, discussions, written materials, and individual counseling. • More at ekoatwork.com • Sample training
Glencoe Text Page 164 Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) – Business Requirements • The ADA applies to a person who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities (like sitting, standing, or sleeping). • The ADA requires employers to make sure that people with disabilities: • have an equal opportunity to apply for jobs and to work in jobs for which they are qualified; • have an equal opportunity to be promoted once they are working; • have equal access to benefits and privileges of employment that are offered to other employees, such as employer-provided health insurance or training; and • are not harassed because of their disability. • More information at eeoc.gov • Business must offer potential customers: • handicap stalls (in some instances) • Van accessible parking • More at ada.gov
Glencoe Text Page 164 Family Medical Leave Act Includes serious health conditions of the employee or his/her child, parent, or spouse.
Glencoe Text Page 164 Laws Requiring Equal Pay for Equal Work
Glencoe Text Page 164 Laws Requiring Fair Labor Standards
Glencoe Text Page 164 Laws Requiring Fair Labor Standards • The federal minimum wage provisions are contained in the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). The federal minimum wage is $7.25 per hour effective July 24, 2009. More at dol.gov • Minimum wage by state at ncsl.org • Affirmative action or positive discrimination (known as employment equity in Canada, reservation in India and Nepal, and positive action in the UK) is the policy of favoring members of a disadvantaged group who are perceived to suffer from discrimination within a culture (wikipedia). • Advantages and disadvantages at smallbusiness.cron.
Glencoe Text Page 164 Laws Requiring Workplace Safety and Health
Glencoe Text Page 165 Laws that Regulate Trade
Glencoe Text Page 165 Laws that Regulate Trade • The Clayton Antitrust Act attempts to prohibit certain actions that lead to anti-competitiveness. • The Supreme Court has ruled that price discrimination claims under the Robinson-Patman Act should be evaluated consistent with broader antitrust policies. • More at FTC.gov
Glencoe Text Page 166 Consumer Protection Laws • Impact anyone in manufacturing products for the public. • Most pertain to trade designed to protect the consumer. • Protect consumer against unscrupulous sellers, unreasonable credit terms, unsafe products, and mislabeling of products.
Glencoe Text Page 166 - 7 Consumer Protection Laws: Federal Agencies • Food and Drug Administration (FDA) • Regulates cosmetic, drug, and food manufacturers. • Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) • Watchdog for consumers over products that may be hazardous. • Creates safety standards for toys. • Fair Packaging and Labeling Act • Requires ingredients and raw materials be listed on product packaging.
Glencoe Text Page 167 Consumer Protection Laws: Federal Agencies • The Uniform Commercial Code is a group of laws that regulates commercial business transactions. • It applies to sales transaction among merchants. • Formation of contracts • Warrantees and product liability
Glencoe Text Page 167 Consumer Protection Laws
Glencoe Text Page 166 Consumer Protection Laws
Glencoe Text Page 168 Truth in Lending
Glencoe Text Page 168 Truth in Advertising
Glencoe Text Page 168 Truth in Advertising
Glencoe Text Page 169 Payroll Taxes
Glencoe Text Page 169 Tax Laws • Sales tax • Payroll taxes • Social Security (FICA) • Medicare • Federal Unemployment Tax (FUTA) • Business income taxes