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Criminal Justice System

Criminal Justice System. Unit 4: Judicial Branch. Criminal Justice System. Three Parts:. Police Courts Corrections. http://www.unl.edu/crimjust/images/school_brochure.jpg. Police. http://www.odmp.org/patch.php?id=3164&s=150.

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Criminal Justice System

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  1. Criminal Justice System Unit 4: Judicial Branch

  2. Criminal Justice System Three Parts: Police Courts Corrections http://www.unl.edu/crimjust/images/school_brochure.jpg

  3. Police http://www.odmp.org/patch.php?id=3164&s=150 http://cannazine.co.uk/images/stories/courtsand%20police/calif-highway-patrol.jpg • Local • State • Federal • Sheriff or town Police • Preserving order, enforcing court orders, and patrolling areas • Police or Highway Patrol • Patrol Highways and enforcing state laws • FBI, ATF, Marshals • Enforcing federal laws and assisting local authorities. http://www.californiacriminallawyerblog.com/fbi_logo.gif

  4. Arrests • Arrest Warrant • Decide Level of Force • Reading of Rights • Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)– Counsel if Cannot Afford • Escobedo v. Illinois (1964)-Counsel Present During Questioning • Miranda v. Arizona (1966)– Miranda Warnings

  5. Courts • Plea Bargaining • 90% of convictions are obtained through a plea bargain http://www.cartoonstock.com/newscartoons/cartoonists/rma/lowres/rman6210l.jpg

  6. United Learning. "Part One: The Trial ."Discovery Education: http://streaming.discoveryeducation.com/

  7. Corrections • Probation • Imprisonment • Guilty of an offense –but remain free under supervision • 60% of all persons convicted of crimes • Supervision under confined conditions • Prisons – State/federal institutions serve a year or more (Felonies) • Jail – County/local institutions where await trial or serve less than one year (misdemeanors) http://prison-penpals.com/knowledge-against-prison1.gif

  8. http://www.theage.com.au/ffximage/2007/11/16/majchamberofdeath_wideweb__470x321,0.jpghttp://www.theage.com.au/ffximage/2007/11/16/majchamberofdeath_wideweb__470x321,0.jpg • Early release from prison. • Parole Board – Determines if and when a prisoner will be released • Death Penalty(36 States) Parole Capital Punishment

  9. Juvenile Crime Young offenders, ranging from under 16 to 21 depending on the state http://www.lib.jjay.cuny.edu/rootimages/supjuv.JPG

  10. Source: http://www.lao.ca.gov/1995/050195_juv_crime/kkpart5.aspx

  11. Source: http://www.lao.ca.gov/1995/050195_juv_crime/kkpart5.aspx

  12. Source: http://www.lao.ca.gov/1995/050195_juv_crime/kkpart5.aspx

  13. Amendments • 4th • 5th • 6th Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures. Protects the rights of accused persons, Due Process Provides the right to a speedy, fair trial

  14. 7th 8th 11th 14th Provides the right to a fair trial by a jury in civil suits Prohibits excessive bail and fines, prohibits cruel and unusual punishment Lawsuits against States legal Protects the rights of accused persons, Due Process

  15. U.S. Executions Since 1976 Since the death penalty was reinstated in 1976, 1,064 convicted murderers have been executed in the United States. (As of March, 2007) Of those executed, 11 were female. (The last was Frances Elaine Newton in Texas on September 14, 2005). Of those executed, 22 were under the age of 18 at the time of the murder. (The last was Scott Allen Hain in Oklahoma on April 3, 2003). Of those executed, 613 (58%) were white and 367 (34%) were black. Of those executed: 895 (84%) were executed by lethal injection, including 409 of the last 413 executions.153 were executed by electric chair (The last was Brandon Hedrick in Virginia on July 20, 2006).11 were executed by gas chamber (The last was Walter LeGrand in Arizona on March 3, 1999).3 were executed by hanging (The last was Billy Bailey in Delaware on January 25, 1996).2 were executed by firing squad (The last was John Albert Taylor in Utah on January 27, 1996). Executions were held in 32 different states: 385 (36%) were in Texas and 17 were in Indiana. There are currently 3,344 on death row. Only 50 are women. After suspending executions in Illinois, this is one of the reasons Gov. Ryan gave.

  16. Lethal injection was originally proposed as a means of execution in 1888 in New York, but the state chose electrocution instead. In 1977, Oklahoma became the first state to adopt lethal-injection legislation. Five years later, Texas performed the first execution by lethal injection. Of the 37 U.S. states that have a death penalty, 34 use lethal injection as the primary form of execution. The U.S. federal government and the U.S. military also use lethal injection.

  17. An End To The Death Penalty New Mexico became the latest State to ban capital punishment. 37 people were executed in the U.S. in 2008, the most in the world, after China, Iran, and Saudi Arabia. States where the death penalty is illegal States where the death penalty is legal Top 5 death-penalty states, accounting for 66% of all U.s. executions since 1976 States with the death penalty on the books but no executions since 1976

  18. Electrocution by state 1890-1966 Florida’s new oak electric chair-1998

  19. 11 of the 40 women who have been executed. The End

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