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IST346 – Email Servies PowerPoint Presentation
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IST346 – Email Servies

IST346 – Email Servies

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IST346 – Email Servies

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Presentation Transcript

  1. IST346 – Email Servies Agenda • What is email? • Email Policies • The technical side of Email • Components • Protocols • Email architecture • Email Security • SPAM

  2. What is email? A means to exchange messages and data on the internet.

  3. Email – a IT manager’s personal nightmare? Technology Issues Policy Issues And despite all of this, everyone must have email! Uses a lot of storage. Complicated service Requires a lot of servers to operate at scale Illegitimate email – SPAM Not very secure Easy to “spoof” ECPA compliance- email requires consent, being employed is consent Archival policy Subponeanas – pulling emails from backups for a court order Employees use company property

  4. Organizational policies for email Policies governing personal use of corporate email Confidentiality / Ownership / Disclosure Employee is using the company’s property. Sometimes the policy is “injected” into the outgoing message. - funny take :-)

  5. Getting technical regarding email Service dependencies, components, and how it works.

  6. Anatomy of Email - components

  7. Email Service Dependencies Application Network /Transport Core Infrastructure

  8. Components MUA – Mail user agent. This is usually a client like Outlook, Thunderbird, or a web browser (in the case of email, for instance) MTA – Message transfer agent. Sends mail around the internet, from domain to domain. (Eg. Sendmail, exim, exchange, postfix) DA - Delivery agent. Writes mail to the mail message from the MA to the message store. (Eg. procmail, exchange) AA - Access agent. Exposes a protocol so users can read mail from the message store. Access protocols are POP3 and IMAP4 (Eg. pop3d, imapd, exchange)

  9. MTA MTA MUA MUA MUA DA procmail sendmail sendmail Outlook Phone iMail Components at work –sendingemail Message Store internet Example of sending an email from to

  10. AA DA MUA MUA MUA MTA procmail sendmail Outlook Phone iMail imapd Components at work –receiving email internet Message Store Example of receiving an email from anywhere to

  11. Email addresses, Namespaces, and You! • Format: mailbox@domain • Domains use MX records in DNS not A records. This is how mail from knows where which server to send to • dig MX • MTA’s will accept mail even if the mailbox does not exit. DA will reject it if the mailbox is not found. • “Undeliverable”

  12. SMTP Protocol in Action The “S” in SMTP stands for “Simple”. 

  13. What’s in an email message? Envelope Body Headers