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Renaissance Italy

Renaissance Italy

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Renaissance Italy

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  1. Renaissance Italy http://www.kmkz.com/jonesj/gallery/renaissance%20italy%5B1%5D.jpg Note: All other images are from Microsoft clip art

  2. Why It’s Important • humanism- belief in the importance of people • Renaissance- French word meaning “rebirth” • people became interested in the world around them

  3. The Italian City-States • Italy- center of Renaissance; made of independent city-states; wealthy from trade • powerful families took control and ruled • gained loyalty by having parades & entertainment • built churches & palaces • schools made to educate rich boys

  4. City Life • merchants & shopkeepers live above their shops • rich large houses w/ courtyards • most people were poor • piazza- central square (buy goods, see parades, talk to friends, etc)

  5. City Life • marriages were arranged (did not marry for love) • men wore tunics & tights • women wore flowing dresses • rich wore bright colors

  6. Florence • Renaissance began here • Lorenzo de Medici- ruler (in 1478) • nicknamed “the Magnificent” • made Florence center for art and learning http://www.abm-enterprises.net/medici.jpg

  7. Florence • Savonarola- monk who overthrew the Medicis (1494) • got rid of parties, gambling, horse-racing, etc. • supporters burned paintings, books, fancy clothes, & musical instruments • hanged 4 years later for heresy (for falsely claiming to see religious visions) • Medicis returned to power http://www.tracts.ukgo.com/images/savonarola2.jpg

  8. The Papal States • Popes lost power • acted more like political rulers than church leaders • Rodrigo Borgia became Pope Alexander VI in 1492 by bribing cardinals • made an army; lost land • died in 1503 http://images3.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20101102233060/assassinscreed/images/b/b7/Rodrigo_Borgia.jpg

  9. Venice • Renaissance ‘arrived’ late in the 1500s b/c Venetians looked to Constantinople for art and literature • Venice had canals • business district called The Rialto

  10. Venice • ruled by wealthy merchants • controlled the Council of Ten, who decided guilt or innocence • choose official ruler called the ‘doge’ (had little power, controlled by Council of Ten)