Pre-Colombian Civilization! Unit II 600-1450 C.E. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

xenia
slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Pre-Colombian Civilization! Unit II 600-1450 C.E. PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Pre-Colombian Civilization! Unit II 600-1450 C.E.

play fullscreen
1 / 21
Download Presentation
Pre-Colombian Civilization! Unit II 600-1450 C.E.
131 Views
Download Presentation

Pre-Colombian Civilization! Unit II 600-1450 C.E.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Pre-Colombian Civilization! Unit II 600-1450 C.E.

  2. Maya 300 B.C.E.-900 C.E. Golden Age 500-850 C.E. Classical civilization Southern Mexico (Yucatan Peninsula), Central America Tikal

  3. Maya - Political • City-states • Relatively autonomous, but united under one king • Warfare • Religious • Slaves • Geography

  4. Maya – Social, Cultural • Social structure • Kings, priests, nobility • Merchants • Peasants, slaves • Gender • Traditional roles for women • Inherit land

  5. Maya - Religious • Three-part world view • Maize • Sacrifices • Pyramids • Calendar • Zero (Gupta!)

  6. Maya - Economic • Agricultural • Slash and burn • Terrace, ridge field • Maize, cotton

  7. Maya - Decline • Disease, drought, internal unrest • Remaining peoples • Rigoberta Menchú

  8. Aztecs • 1150 C.E.- 1450 C.E. • Central Mexico • Tenochtitlan • Quetzalcoatl

  9. Aztecs - Political • Expansionist, militant • Professional army • Sacrifices • Autonomy, taxes (no bureaucracy) • Roads • Inter-territorial trade • Guerras floridas

  10. Aztecs – Social, Cultural • Social Structure • Warrior elite • Maya • Gender • Women subordinate • Inherit property • Commerce • Religion • Military and religion • Sacrifices

  11. Inca • Early 13th century- 1450 C.E. • Peruvian Andes • Cuzco

  12. Inca - Political • Expansionist • Inti • Professional standing army • Most united empire! • 1. bureaucracy • 2. unified spoken language (Quechua) • 3. roads • Chasquis and quipus

  13. Inca – Social, Cultural • Gender • Women subordinate • Inherit property • Commerce (weaving) • More religious roles • Religion • Inti: sun god, owns all • No private property • El Inca • Smaller-scale sacrifice • Morality • Machu Picchu

  14. Comparison -Politically • Motivations for expansion • Maya: slaves • Aztec: territory, sacrifices • Inca: religious • Centralization • Aztec and Maya: city-state autonomy • Inca: most centralized • Bureaucracy • Unified language (Quechua) • Roads

  15. Comparison - Socially • All • Peasant majority • Slavery of conquered peoples • Women subordinate except • Inherit land • Commerce • Maya: Merchant class • Aztec: Warrior elite • Inca: Religious elite, god-king (el Inca)

  16. Compare Aztecs to Romans • 1. roads • 2. autonomy but tribute • 3. adapted ideas from conquered peoples • 4. polytheistic vs

  17. AP Essays • Mesoamerican civilization= Mayas, Aztecs • Andean civilization= Incas • Be able to compare Mayas to Unit I classical civilizations • Understand how religion contextualized expansion (Unit II!)