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LESSONS LEARNED FROM PAST NOTABLE DISASTERS CHILE PART 3: EARTHQUAKES AND TSUNAMIS B : Other Notable Earthquakes PowerPoint Presentation
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LESSONS LEARNED FROM PAST NOTABLE DISASTERS CHILE PART 3: EARTHQUAKES AND TSUNAMIS B : Other Notable Earthquakes

LESSONS LEARNED FROM PAST NOTABLE DISASTERS CHILE PART 3: EARTHQUAKES AND TSUNAMIS B : Other Notable Earthquakes

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LESSONS LEARNED FROM PAST NOTABLE DISASTERS CHILE PART 3: EARTHQUAKES AND TSUNAMIS B : Other Notable Earthquakes

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  1. LESSONS LEARNED FROM PAST NOTABLE DISASTERSCHILEPART 3: EARTHQUAKES AND TSUNAMISB: Other Notable Earthquakes Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction, Vienna, Virginia, USA 

  2. NATURAL HAZARDS THAT HAVE CAUSED DISASTERS IN CHILE FLOODS GOAL: PROTECT PEOPLE AND COMMUNITIES WINDSTORMS EARTHQUAKES/TSUNAMIS HIGH BENEFIT/COST FROM BECOMING DISASTER NRESILIENT VOLCANOES WILDFIRES GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE

  3. Natural Phenomena That Cause Disasters Planet Earth’s heat flow causes movement of lithospheric plates, which causes subduction, which causes EARTHQUAKES

  4. CHILE: THE SOUTH AMERICAN AND NAZCA PLATES

  5. CHILE’S CITIES (NOTE: CONEPCION)

  6. LOCATION OF M9.5 MAY 22, 1960 EARTHQUAKE

  7. TWENTY-FIVE YEARS LATERM7.5 EARTHQUAKE STRIKES CHILE MARCH 3, 1985 THE SECOND LARGEST EARTHQUAKE IN THE WORLD AFTER MEXICO IN 1985

  8. LOCATION OF MARCH 3, 1985 EARTHQUAKE

  9. IMPACTS OF THE EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI • Damage from strong ground shaking occurred throughout central Chile. • At least 177 people were killed, and 2,575 injured. • A tsunami was also generated, and its waves traversed the Pacific, striking Valparaíso, Hawaii, Alaska, Tahiti, and Japan

  10. FIFTY YEARS LATERM8.8 EARTHQUAKE STRIKES CENTRAL CHILE:3:34 am on February 27, 2010 Subduction Zone Quake 500 Times More Energy than the M7.0 March 12, 2010 Haiti Quake 800+ Deaths; 500+ Injured Tsunami Waves Travel Across Pacific Estimated Loss: $30 Billion

  11. LOCATION: 100 KM FROM CONCEPCION; 330 KM FROM SANTIAGO

  12. The Chilean people had to cope with the demands associated with: 1) a mega-quake, 2) a vigorous aftershock sequence with large events, 3) local tsunami wave run up, 4) looting in the affluent sector, and 5) recovery after the loss of 15 percent of the GDP.

  13. LOCATION: 330 KM (200 MI) FROM SANTIAGO (THE CAPITAL)

  14. The quake’s hypocenter was at a depth of 37 km (22 miles)

  15. DAMAGE IN HAITI (LEFT) MUCH WORSE THAN IN CHILE (RIGHT)

  16. Even though Chile has experienced many past earthquakes, had been implementing a modern building code since the 1960-85 events, and was well prepared to respond to all aspects of the emergency, it was still a disaster.

  17. Newly built apartment buildings were severely damaged or collapsed. Flames consumed buildings and a prison. Millions of people fled into streets darkened by the failure of power lines. Roads were damaged and bridges collapsed, causing cars and trucks to crash.

  18. An estimated 1 ½ million buildings were damaged, with about 1/3 of them collapsing, along with extensive and wide spread damage to the infrastructure.

  19. The damage, an estimated $30 billion, was equivalent to 15 percent of Chile’s gross domestic product.

  20. Swiss Re, the world's second-largest reinsurer, said the impact on the financial/insurance sector would be between $4 and $7 billion.

  21. CONCEPCION: INT’L SPACE STATION PHOTO:

  22. PRESIDENT BACHELET VIEWING DAMAGE IN CONCEPCION

  23. DAMAGED BUILDING IN CONCEPCION

  24. FIRE AT CONCEPCION: 90 KM FROM EPICENTER

  25. CONCEPCION: DAMAGED BUILDING

  26. DAMAGED BUILDING DETAIL: CONCEPCION

  27. CONCEPCION: URGENT MASS CARE NEEDS

  28. CONCEPCION: LOOTERS

  29. SEARCH AND RESCUE: CONCEPCION

  30. TALCA: DAMAGE TO HOUSES

  31. TALCA: DAMAGE TO HOUSES

  32. TALCA: DAMAGED HOTEL

  33. INTERIOR DAMAGE

  34. SANTIAGO: DAMAGED BUILDINGS

  35. SANTIAGO: DAMAGE TO CHURCH

  36. DAMAGE TO BUREO BRIDGE—HIGHWAY 5

  37. TALCA: DAMAGE TO BRIDGE (300 KM S OF SANTIAGO)

  38. CONCEPCION: ELEVATED HIGHWAY COLLAPSED

  39. ELEVATED HIGHWAY COLLAPSE DETAIL

  40. ELEVATED HIGHWAY COLLAPSE DETAIL

  41. ELEVATED HIGHWAY COLLAPSE DETAIL

  42. MOTOR WAY IN SANTIAGO

  43. The aftershocks of the mega-earthquake provided an opportunity for measuring ground and building response for a range of excitation levels and site conditions.

  44. Damage from tsunami wave run up was worse locally along the coast of Chile than at distant locations along the Pacific rim.

  45. LOCAL TSUNAMI DAMAGE

  46. TALCAHUANO PORT: LOCAL TSUNAMI DAMAGE

  47. TALCAHUANO PORT: LOCAL TSUNAMI DAMAGE

  48. PELLEHUE, CHILE: AFTER TSUNAMI WAVE RUNUP

  49. DICHATO, CHILE: AFTER TSUNAMI WAVE RUNUP

  50. TSUNAMI WAVES MOVE ACROSS THE PACIFIC