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David Agnew & John Pearce MRAG Ltd, London PowerPoint Presentation
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David Agnew & John Pearce MRAG Ltd, London

David Agnew & John Pearce MRAG Ltd, London

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David Agnew & John Pearce MRAG Ltd, London

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  1. Estimating the Worldwide Extent of Illegal Fishing: the economics of Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing and the impact of IUU Fisheries on ACP countries David Agnew & John Pearce MRAG Ltd, London

  2. Estimates of Illegal fishing worldwide Global losses : $10 – 23 billion annually Compare with illegal logging: $15 billion IU as proportion of reported catch Governance Index

  3. Impacts • Economic: • loss of revenue from licensing • loss of multiplier effects – fish not landed/transhipped • Loss of potential export • Ecological: • damage to stocks – overfishing • damage to sensitive ecosystems • bycatch/overlap species • birds, turtles, sharks, mammals killed • Social: • conflict with domestic / artisanal fishers • food security/livelihoods jeopardised • undermine rule of law EJF: Pirate fish on your plate. Photo on unlicensed far east trawler off West Africa

  4. Directing effort against illegal fishing • Vulnerability assessment for Angola

  5. Key problems for Sub-Saharan Africa • Foreign vessels • Unlicensed and unmanaged (loss of licence fee, landing fees, loss of catch value and economic multipliers) • Fishing in prohibited areas (reserves, artisanal fishing areas) • Fishing with illegal gears (undersized and discarding) • Artisanal vessels • Unregulated fishing (loss of fish to neighbouring state markets) • Fishing with illegal gears

  6. Understanding the economics IUU vessels can engage in operations if Benefits > Costs Value of fishing > penalty of being caught

  7. IUU NO IUU Upsetting the balance Decreasing BenefitsDecreasing Costs • Control of overcapacity (capacity, subsidies, clear national and regional management policies) • Control of distant water fleets (reflagging, fisheries agreements) • Corruption • Lack of Governance • Weak Regulatory Framework • Weak import / export control Benefits of IU Costs of IU • High Price and Demand • Ease of Access • Low operating costs • High catchability • High volume - ease of laundering • Strong MCS • High probability of sanction • High sanctions • Catch Documentation / Traceability Schemes • Strong social policy Increasing BenefitsIncreasing Costs