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Hydrocarbons Technology Petroleum Refining

Hydrocarbons Technology Petroleum Refining

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Hydrocarbons Technology Petroleum Refining

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  1. Hydrocarbons Technology Petroleum Refining

  2. About Course • Teaching Methodology • Assessment • Importance of Course • Crude Oil based Industries

  3. Sources of Energy/Fuel/Petrochemicals Advantages & Limitations

  4. India’s Fuel Consumption 2018 Petrol: 19,00,000 (19 MMT) Diesel: 72,00,000 (72 MMT) (Economics Times)

  5. Crude Oil Reservoirs OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries): Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Venezuela 44% of World Production *2019: 1730

  6. Crude Oil Based Industries • Exploration of Crude Oil (E&P Industries) • Refining of Crude Oil (Petroleum Refineries) • Chemical production from hydrocarbons (Petrochemical Industries)

  7. World’s largest Refining Industries World: 104 Million Barrels/day

  8. World’s largest Refineries at Single Lane

  9. World’s largest Refineries at Single Location

  10. World’s largest Petrochemical Industries • BASF (Germany) • Dow Chemical (USA) • ExxonMobil Chemical (USA) • LyondellBasell Industries (Netherlands) • INEOS (UK) • Saudi Basic Industries Corporation (Saudi Arabia) • Formosa Plastics Corporation (Taiwan) • Sumitomo Chemical (Japan) • DuPont (USA) • Chevron Phillips (USA)

  11. Top 10 of Fortune 500 (2016)

  12. Top 10 of Fortune 500 (2018)

  13. Top 10 of Fortune 500 (2019) RIL 106 (42 up), IOCL 117, ONGC 160, SBI 236, Tata Motors 265, Bharat Petroleum 275

  14. Current Trends: Forward & Backward Integrations Rate of Return Speciality Products Latest Technologies

  15. IOCL: Petrochemicals “PROPEL” E&P: 10 domestic & 8 International ONGC: Refinery: MRPL & HPCL (50%) Petrochemicals “OPaL” RIL

  16. India as a favourite location for New Refineries • High rate of return/short pay-back-period • Location: Sea Coast and Land locations for import of crude oils & export of finished products • Market: Population, Expansion of Chemical Industries & Exponent increase in usage of Vehicles • Manpower: Skilled & Economic Manpower • Environmental Regulations

  17. IOCL (9 Units) 54 + 15 = 69 MMTPA

  18. Total Present Capacity: 254 MMTPA

  19. New Upcoming Refineries State-owned Indian Oil Corp (IOC): Mundra, Gujarat 15 MMTPA of Rs. 30,000 crore IOCL, HPCL, BPCL Joint Venture 60 MMTPA (next slide) TECHNOLOGIES Type of Crude Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd (BPCL): 6 MMTPA, Numaligarh refinery, Assam by 2017-18. Rs.13,000 crore RIL Jamnagar: 20 MMTPA (J4) Essar Oil Jamnagar: 20 MMTPA New Upcoming Refining Capacity: 121 MMTPA

  20. 14th June 2017

  21. IOCL, HPCL, BPCL joint venture of 60 million tonnes capacity refinery and petrochemical complex at Babulwadi, TalukaRajapur in Ratnagiridistrict Phase-I: 40 million tonnesRefinary together with Petrochemical Complex (Aromatic complex, naphtha cracker and polymer complex), Cost: 1.2-1.5 lakhcrore and will come up in five-six years from the date of land acquisition (by 2023)Phase-II: Rs. 50,000-60,000 crore. Comparison with RIL Jamnagar : Lane-I: 33 million tonnes (27+6) Lane-2: 27 million tonnes Total: 60 MMTPA

  22. Expansion of existing Refineries CHALLANGES

  23. Present Capacity: 254 MMTPA New Refineries: 121 MMTPA Expansion: 50 MMTPA Total Capacity by 2020: 425 MMTPA Technology & Manpower for 171 MMTPA by 2022

  24. Backward Vertical Integration of RIL • Textiles (1970) • Polyester & Fibre Intermediates • Plastics & Petrochemicals • Petroleum Refining • Oil and Gas Exploration & Production

  25. RIL E&P • Joint venture with British Gas (Shell) and ONGC in the PannaMukta and Tapti (PMT) blocks [July 2017: 193 billion INR or 3 billion USD] • Five conventional oil and gas blocks in Krishna Godavari, Mahanadi, Cauvery Palar, Gujarat (Saurashtra) & Cambay Basin [Nov 2016: 10,000 crore INR fine to RIL for taking out nearby ONGC gas] • Two Coal Bed Methane (CBM) blocks in Sohagpur East and West, Madhya Pradesh • Two offshore blocks in Myanmar • Three Joint Ventures with Marcellus and Eagle Ford for US shale gas industry

  26. 2014 Rs. 4,01,302 crore, Annual Revenue Rs. 21,984crore Profit 2015 Asset 4,00,000 Crore, Profit: 23,000 crore Investment of Rs. 77300 crore in Petrochem Project 100000 lakh crore VIBRANT GUJARAT 2015 Announcement

  27. 2016 Asset 4,57,000 Crore, Profit: 27,000 crore Jio Investment: 1.9 Lakh Carore, 2017 2017 Profit: 29,883 crore 2018 (31/3/2018) Profit: 36,000 crore 2019 (31/3/2019) Profit: 40,000 crore Asset 5,70,000 Crore

  28. 2017-18 2016-17

  29. Locating/Detecting Oil fields Typical US Oil Field: 1950: 3700 ft 2000: 4600 ft 2008: 5100 ft 2016: 7000 ft Kuwait: 400-6000 ft Reservoirs

  30. Current based Technology Gravity & Magnetic Mapping

  31. Seismic Technology

  32. Land Water

  33. Primary Pressure Waves Primary Shear Waves

  34. Other Methods: Chemical Methods Satellite Imaging Remote Sensing

  35. Home Assignment • Scanning of websites of RIL, IOCL, ONGC, Saudi Armco, ExxonMobil • Reviewing various reports of reservoir and petroleum products • Information collection about Natural Gas, Shell Gas basins & Reservoirs • Study of Satellite Imaging & Remote Sensing Techniques for CO detection

  36. Next, Exploration of Crude Oil