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JEOPARDY!

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JEOPARDY!

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  1. JEOPARDY! Click Once to Begin

  2. JEOPARDY! Philosophical Foundations and Research Evolution Genetics Hormones Neurons The Brain 100 100 100 100 100 100 200 200 200 200 200 200 300 300 300 300 300 300 400 400 400 400 400 400 500 500 500 500 500 500

  3. For most of human history, Western scholars believed that the mind and body were separate and that humans were unique because a. they possessed a soul. b. they controlled other animals. c. they were mortal. d. the mind and body interacted for a divine purpose.

  4. Answera. they possessed a soul.

  5. You are listening to some musical tones and are being asked to report the quality, intensity, and clarity of the tones. What is the limitation of this type of information in understanding your mind?

  6. Answertoo subjective

  7. Daily Double!!! With regard to their theories, Freud can be thought of as the ____________ of Pavlov and Watson. a. “father” b. opposite c. theoretical partner d. son

  8. Answerb. opposite

  9. A psychologist examines the experience of asking someone for a date by measuring the separate components of heart rate, sweatiness of palms, stuttering, and subsequent sensations of relief. This characterizes which approach to understanding behavior?

  10. Answerstructuralism

  11. The expression, “a penny for your thoughts (or given inflation make that a dollar)” or asking “what’s on your mind?” would be least likely to come from which of the following? a. Freud b. Skinner c. Descartes d. George Miller

  12. Answerb. Skinner

  13. Evolution is an important area of study for understanding behavior because it is based on assumptions that behaviors are a. adaptable and influenced by natural selection. b. entirely determined by genes. c. the result of rapid changes in natural selection. d. related to the activities of lower mammals.

  14. Answera. adaptable and influenced by natural selection.

  15. The ability to read your textbook and comprehend psychology may be considered a. an adaptive solution. b. an adaptive by-product. c. natural selection. d. reproductive fitness.

  16. Answerb. an adaptive by-product.

  17. Which of the following is not an evolutionary based reason for excluding people from groups? a. because they are untrustworthy b. because they are weak c. because they drain group resources d. because they are attractive

  18. Answerd. because they are attractive

  19. A friend says to you, “I have a gene for Krispy Kreme” as a poetic way of joking about her addiction to doughnuts. In what way might she be correct?

  20. AnswerHumans are evolutionarily predisposed to enjoy fatty-sweet foods because early humans increased their likelihood of survival with greater caloric intake.

  21. The fact that infants become wary of heights at about the same time they begin to crawl is an example of

  22. Answeran adaptation.

  23. Schizophrenia is an example of a disorder that a. is best understood from an environmental—nurture—perspective. b. is best understood from a biological—nature—perspective. c. is best understood as resulting from the inseparable interaction of nature and nurture. d. was originally thought to be caused entirely by biological factors and now is known to be caused largely by environmental factors

  24. Answerc.is best understood as resulting from the inseparable interaction of nature and nurture.

  25. The ________ refers to the genetic constitution of an individual, while the _______ refers to the observable characteristics.

  26. Answergenotype; phenotype

  27. Sickle cell disease occurs more frequently in certain populations because a. homozygotes for this disease are able to survive with very little water, preventing death from dehydration.b. heterozygotes for this disease are less susceptible to environmental influences of violence.c. heterozygotes for this disease are resistant to malaria.d. homozygotes for this disease are less susceptible to environmental influences of violence.

  28. Answerc. heterozygotes for this disease are resistant to malaria.

  29. What creates genotypic variation in the population?a. natural selectionb. sexual reproductionc. sexual selectiond. chromosomal abnormalities

  30. Answerb. sexual reproduction

  31. Suomi’s studies with monkeys demonstrate that a. the short version of the gene he studied causes neurobehavioral deficits.b. raising infant monkeys without their mothers causes neurobehavioral deficits.c. the environment an infant monkey is raised in does not influence its outcomes.d. there is a gene-environment interaction between the short version of the gene and maternal buffering.

  32. Answerd. there is a gene-environment interaction between the short version of the gene and maternal buffering.

  33. What is the name of the biological system that functions as the body’s slow communication system, sending chemical messages throughout the body?

  34. Answerthe endocrine system

  35. Hormones travel through the body and affect target cells that have _____________.

  36. Answer receptor sites

  37. Feminizing sex hormones are called _______; masculinizing sex hormones are called ________.

  38. Answer estrogens; androgens

  39. Which hormone has been demonstrated to influence aggression?

  40. Answer testosterone

  41. Women show more interest in sex during which phase of the menstrual cycle?

  42. Answer ovulation

  43. When you burn your finger, ____________ neurons carry the message to the spinal cord and ____________ neurons instruct the muscles in your arm to retract from the flame.

  44. Answerafferent; efferent

  45. Another term for neuronal firing is ____________.

  46. Answeraction potential.

  47. Excitatory signals are to ____________ as inhibitory signals are to ____________. a. depolarized; hyperpolarized b. action potential; resting potential c. hyperpolarized; depolarized d. resting potential; action potential

  48. Answera. depolarized; hyperpolarized

  49. The neuroanotomical conditions of multiple sclerosis and the resulting difficulties in function demonstrate the importance of ____________.

  50. Answer myelin