Mediterranean Sea Africa is the second largest continent Red Sea There are 47 countries in Africa and six island nations Atlantic Ocean Indian Ocean
Africa has 4 subregions North Africa East Africa West Africa Central and South Africa
PHYSICAL FEATURES OF NORTH AFRICA The Sahara Desert, located in North Africa is the world’s largest desert.The Nile River, the longest river in the world, runs through the Sahara and empties into the Mediterranean Sea.The Atlas Mountains stretch across the northwestern part of Africa. They are part of the Alps mountain system in Europe. Atlas Mountains Sahara Desert
PHYSICAL FEATURES OF WEST AFRICA The Sahel Desert, located south of the Sahara is in West Africa. It is mostly dry grassland.The Niger River runs through the western Sahel. This is the third longest river in Africa.Lake Chad is also in the Sahel. This lake shrinks and grows depending on the season. Sahel Desert
PHYSICAL FEATURES OF EAST AFRICA Lake Tanganyika is the longest freshwater lake in the world.Lake Victoria is the second largest freshwater lake in the world.Lake Malawi is the ninth largest . Mount Kilimanjaro Highest point in Africa At 19,340 feet
PHYSICAL FEATURES OF CENTRAL and SOUTH AFRICA Congo Basin, a low-lying area.Congo River empties into the Atlantic Ocean.Zambezi River has many waterfalls.Victoria Falls largest waterfall located n Zambezi River.Namib and Kalahari Deserts located in the south. Congo Basin Namib Desert Kalahari
Climate • The equator runs through the middle of Africa. • As a result, the climate in most of Africa is warm all year. • However, some regions are very wet and others are very dry.
CLIMATE OF NORTH AFRICA Most of North Africa is very dry. Some places in the Sahara can go for 6 or 7 years without rain.Near the Mediterranean Sea is one can enjoy a Mediterranean climate which is warm all year with dry summers and short rainy winters. Mediterranean Sea Sahara Desert
CLIMATE OF WEST AFRICA The climate of West Africa varies widely from north to South. Climate ranges from arid, semiarid to tropical wet and dry. As one gets closer To the equator it is tropical wet. Some coastal areas can get an average of more than 120 inches of rain a year. Arid Semiarid Sahel Desert Tropical wet and dry Tropical wet
CLIMATE OF EAST AFRICA Parts of East Africa that lie close to the Sahara have an arid or semiarid climate.The Ethiopian Highlands and Mount Kilimanjaro have highlands climate, cooler and wetter than the low lands. Arid Semiarid Highlands
CLIMATE OF CENTRAL and SOUTH AFRICA In this large subregion, the land nearest the equator has a tropical wet climate. Farther south, the climate shifts to tropical wet and dry, and finally to arid or semiarid.In the southern most areas, the climate can be marine west coast and humid subtropical.Madagascar has three climate zones, tropical wet, tropical wet and dry, and semiarid. variety of climates
VEGETATION ZONES OF AFRICA Tropical Grasslands covers 2/3 of AfricaDesert Scrub covers most of North AfricaChaparral can be found in the Mediterranean Climate.Broadleaf Evergreen can be found in West Africa. This rainforest has trees over 100 feet tall. Chaparral Desert scrub Tropical grasslands Broadleaf Evergreen
Africa is home to 53 countries. • 47 countries and 6 island nations. • Sudan is the largest. • Seychelles is the smallest country located north of Madagascar. It is an island Sudan Seychelles Africans speak at least 2,000 languages.
Why do scientist call Africa the birth place of the human race? Scientists have found the bones of human-like species who lived in Africa millions of years ago.
History of Africa • Early African Americans were hunter and gathers. • By 5,000 B.C.E Africans were raising animals and growing crops. • The Nile River was home to Egyptians for more than 2,000 years. • From 300C.E-1600C.E West Africa had 3 kingdoms in power. During this time wealth came from trading salt and copper from the mines.
History continued…….. • 1450-1850 African people were traded as slaves to Europe. This was called the “Atlantic slave trade”. • 1700-1800’s Europeans set up colonies in Africa. • By 914, European countries divided up most of Africa. • 1957, Ghana became the first black African colony to gain independence. • In 2002, most African countries joined the African Union which promotes peace an human rights.
In 2005, 906 million people lived in Africa.This is 1/7 of the world’s population.Only Asia has more people.Most live in rural areas.
Mining is an important economic activity.Oil, diamond and gold are major naturalresources.Nomadic herding, subsistence farming, commercial farming and trade and manufacturing are major land uses.
Africa The Nile River: A Journey from Source to Mouth Life in the Sahara and Sahel: Adapting to a Desert Region Micro-Entrepreneurs: Women’s Role in the Development of Africa Nigeria: A Country of Many Cultures Resources and Power in Post-apartheid South Africa