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Play Therapy

Play Therapy

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Play Therapy

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  1. Play Therapy Presented by Cory Melissa Boyer, M.S.W., R.S.W. July 14, 2004

  2. Definition • In her book, Play Therapy (ballantine, 1969), Virginia Axline, a leading expert in play therapy, explains: “Play Therapy is based upon the fact that play is the child’s natural medium of self expression. It is an opportunity for the child to ‘play out’ his/her feelings and problems just as adults talk out their difficulties.”

  3. Definition cont’d • Play Therapy involves using play materials as part of a therapeutic process designed to meet the emotional, social, psychological, and developmental needs of clients. • Children are invited to play, however, it must be remembered that play on its own will not produce change – how the therapist uses the play is the key.

  4. Parameters of Play Therapy

  5. Tools Available

  6. Using Play in a Deliberate Manner to Provide a Therapeutic Experience • Play comes naturally to most children • Helps develop a relationship with child • Takes the inner world and makes it concrete • Allows for control/manipulate objects • Assists with child’s overall development

  7. The Underlying Theoretical Framework • A wide range of theoretical models are used by play therapists. • Psychoanalytic, Release, Structured, Relational, Behavioural, Gestalt, Jungian, Filial, Theraplay, Developmental, etc. • The framework is a guide by which the therapist organizes her thinking

  8. Creating a Distinct Therapeutic Relationship • The play therapy relationship is like no other • The relationship is central to the healing power of therapy • Ensures a place of safety, predictability, consistency, and respect

  9. Directive Play Non-Directive Play Types of Play

  10. Play Therapy Methods

  11. Sand Tray • Respectful for child • Eloquent communication • Non-verbal • Tactile • Use of metaphor

  12. Case Study 1 • Sand Box

  13. Puppets • Skills needed • Triangulation

  14. Therapeutic Story Telling • Helps create metaphors • Works at both a conscious and unconscious level • Story is not a prescription

  15. Art Therapy • Designed to utilize the non-verbal communication produced with art materials

  16. Case Study 2 • Simon • Cartooning

  17. Toys, Games, and Crafts • Dress-up and makeup • Doll House and Family Figures • Kitchen Set

  18. Case Study 3 • Beth • Paper Dolls

  19. Theraplay Case Study 4

  20. Developing Play

  21. A Note about Transference and Counter Transference