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The Civil Rights Movement

The Civil Rights Movement

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The Civil Rights Movement

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  1. The Civil Rights Movement A breakdown of the standards

  2. Hamilton Holmes & Charlayne Hunter 1961 - first black students admitted to UGA 1963 – Graduated UGA Holmes was a successful doctor in Atlanta Hunter became a national radio and television reporter Starring…

  3. And… • Benjamin Mays • Distinguished African American minister, scholar, educator, & social activist • President of Morehouse College • Ideas were used by MLK during CRM

  4. Martin Luther King, Jr. Born in Atlanta Principal leader of modern CRM Attended Morehouse Minister Got involved in Civil Rights after arrest of Rosa Parks Formed SCLC Won 1964 Nobel Peace Prize Assassinated in 1968 And…

  5. Maynard Jackson 1973- Elected first black mayor of Atlanta Called for Affirmative Action programs Airport renamed in his honor after his death (Hartsfield-Jackson Airport) And…

  6. Andrew Young Aide to MLK, Jr. Elected to U.S. House of Representatives in 1972—first African American from GA elected to Congress since 1870s And special guest star…

  7. Also making appearances… • Eugene Talmadge • Governor (1948-1951) • Resisted desegregation of schools • Implemented GA’s first state sales tax • Lester Maddox • Governor at the time of MLK’s death, he ordered massive police presence at the funeral which kept many people from attending

  8. Scene 1: Turning Points • 1896- Plessy v. Ferguson • Supreme Court decision allowing segregation as long as blacks had equal facilities (Separate but Equal) • 1910- National Association for the Advancement of Colored People • Approach was to secure civil rights for blacks through the nation’s courts • Frequently files lawsuits against discriminatory practices

  9. Turning Points, cont. • Late 1940’s- NAACP went to court regarding school segregation • Argued that blacks paid the same taxes as whites, but white schools received 4 times as much funding as black schools • Courts ruled that educational opportunities for blacks had to improve • Segregationists supported the ruling because they figured they would be able to keep schools segregated as long as equal amounts of money were spent on each

  10. Scene 2: School segregation • 1954- Brown v. Board of Education • Ruled schools must be desegregated • Said “…in the field of public education, separate but equal has no place. Separate facilities are inherently unequal.” • At the time $190 was spent per white child, but only $132 was spent per black child • This ruling launched the modern Civil Rights Movement

  11. Georgia Flag (1955) • In 1955, John Sammons Bell approached the General Assembly with the idea to place the Confederate flag symbols of stars and bars on GA’s flag • This change was seen by people around the U.S. as a statement against the Brown v. Board ruling • This flag represented the “past” when GA fought for slavery

  12. Scene 3: SNCC (Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee) • Grew out of the SCLC • Encouraged students to join fight for Civil Rights by using non-violent protests • Sit-ins • Freedom Riders

  13. Scene 4: Sibley Commission • Formed by governor Ernest Vandiver to gather info on how people felt about segregation • Sibley Commission’s report decreased resistance against desegregation of schools

  14. Scene 5: Albany Movement • Goal : to desegregate the Albany, GA region • Groups involved: SNCC, Youth NAACP, Negro Voter’s League, & others

  15. Scene 6: The March on Washington • Purpose was to demonstrate the tremendous support behind the Civil Rights Movement • More than 250,000 citizens of all races gathered and marched in Washington, D.C.

  16. The March on Washington • The highlight of the event was MLK’s “I have a dream” speech

  17. Fulfilled the goals of the March on Washington Called for: Equal voting rights Desegregation of public places Desegregation of public schools Scene 7: The Civil Rights Act of 1964